REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Moed Katan 26
MOED KATAN 26 & 27 - dedicated by Mr. Avi Berger of Queens, N.Y. in memory
of his parents, Pinchas ben Reb Avraham Yitzchak, and Leah bas Michal
(a) The list of occasions that one tears K'ri'ah and is forbidden to re-sew
professionally - ever, comprises five people, three events and three
locations. Which ...
(b) What do we learn from Elisha, who, as Eliyahu was being carried away in
a fire-chariot, cried out (and then rent his garments) ...
- ... three people (besides one's father and mother), does it incorporate?
- ... which two events (besides hearing bad news), create this situation?
- ... two locations (besides that of the Beis Hamikdash), must one see?
(c) And what do we learn from the continuation of the Pasuk "va'Yechazek
bi'Vegadav va'Yikra'em *li'Sh'nayim Kera'im*"?
- ... "Avi Avi"?
- ... "Rechev Yisrael u'Farashav"? How do we know that?
(d) How can we learn the Dinim of Keri'ah for a Meis from Eliyahu, seeing as
he did not die?
(a) What do we learn from David, who, upon hearing of Yisrael's defeat at
the hands of the P'lishtim and the death of Shaul and Yehonasan, rent his
clothes for ...
(b) How do we know that all three are not required before one is obligated
to tear Keri'ah?
- ... "Shaul"?
- ... "Yehonasan"?
- ... "and the people of Yisrael ... who had fallen by the sword"?
(c) What else did David and the people who were with him do until the
evening, besides eulogize and cry over the tragedy?
(d) Shavur Malka (King of Persia) killed twelve thousand Jews.
- ... Why did Shmuel not tear Keri'ah when he heard the news?
- ... How do we reconcile this with the fact that Shavur Malka himself boasted to Shmuel that he had never killed a Jew?
(a) And what do we learn from the Pasuk in Melachim, where, following the
blasphemy of Ravshakei (Sancheiriv's emissary), the Navi describes how
Elyakim ben Chilkiyah who was in charge of the Beis ha'Mikdash, Shevna the
Sofer and Yo'ach ben Asaf clerk of the court, came to Chizkiyahu with their
(b) Is there any difference in this regard, between the person who initially
hears the blasphemy and those who hear it repeated from him (as he testifies
(c) How do we know that the witnesses do not need to tear K'ri'ah again,
when they repeat what they heard, because they already tore when they heard
(d) What do we learn from a 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "K'ri'ah" "K'ri'ah" from
(a) When they read out to King Yehoyakim the first four Pesukim of Yirmiyah
ha'Navi's new Seifer 'Eichah' "Eichah Yashvah Badad ... ", "Bachoh Sivkeh
ba'Laylah ... ", "Galsah Yehudah me'Oni ... " and "Darchei Tziyon Aveilos
... ", he was unperturbed.
Why was that?
(b) How did he react when they ...
(c) What do we learn from the following words in Yirmiyah "ve'Lo Pachadu
ve'Lo Kar'u es Bigdeihem"?
- ... read the fifth Pasuk "Hayu Tzareha le'Rosh ... "?
- ... informed him that this was Hashem's punishment for Yisrael's many sins?
(d) Rav Papa asked Abaye how we know that this Pasuk is not referring to bad
What did he reply?
(a) Rav Huna says that someone who witnesses the tearing of a Sefer-Torah,
is obligated to tear two Keri'os.
Why is that?
(b) What happened once to Rebbi Aba's Tefilin, when he removed them and put
them down on a sheet?
(c) When Rebbi Aba declared that had it succeeded, he have had to tear two
Keri'os, Rebbi Huna bar Chiya objected on the grounds that he had heard
differently from Rav Yehudah.
What did Rav Yehudah say?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Yirmiyah, where eighty men came from
Sh'chem, Shilo and Shomron with shaven beards, *torn clothes*, and cut-up,
carrying a Minchah and Levonah to the Beis-Hamikdash?
With reference to all of the cases mentioned on this Amud, the Beraisa says
've'Chulan Resha'in le'Sholelan, u'le'Molelan, u'le'Loktan ve'La'asosan
(b) When does one quote the Pasuk in Yeshayah ...
(c) We learned in the Beraisa that one tears Keri'ah when one sees the BeisHamikdash and just adds to the tear when seeing Yerushalayim.
- ... "Arei Kodshecha Hayu Midbar"?
- ... "Tziyon Midbar Haysah, Yerushalayim Shemamah"?
- ... "Beis Kodsheinu ve'Sif'arteinu Asher Hilelucha Avoseinu Haysah li'S'reifas Eish ... "?
How do we
reconcile this with the Beraisa which requires an independent tear for the
(d) How is it possible to see the Beis-Hamikdash before Yerushalayim?
What is the meaning of ...
Answers to questions
- ... 'le'Sholelan'?
- ... 'le'Molelan?
- ... 'le'Loktan'?
- ... 'La'asosan ke'Min Sulamos'?
- ... 'Ichuy Aleksandri', which is the only one that is forbidden? See Tosfos DH 'u've'Ichuy'.
(a) What is the difference between tearing K'ri'ah on a garment from a spot
that has been sewn in one of the four ways that are permitted to an Aveil
and tearing from a spot that was sewn professionally (by means of Ichuy
(b) What may one do, according to the Tana Kama of Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar
to enable the rent garment to be sewn together professionally?
(c) Someone who purchases a garment on which Keri'ah has been made, may not
repair it professionally.
What Halachah (in the laws of purchasing) do we
learn from the fact that the purchaser is not permitted to repair it either?
(d) Rebbi Meir requires a Keri'ah of one Tefach, and a Tosefes of three
Tefachim, Rebbi Yehudah, a Keri'ah of three Etzba'os, whereas a Tosefes of
anything will do.
What does Ula rule in both cases?
(a) What will be the Din with regard to re-sewing the tear professionally,
if a person tore initially for ...
(b) If someone's father died, then his mother, then his brother and then his
sister, he tears one K'ri'ah for all of them.
- ... his father and then for his son?
- ... his son and then for his father?
This is the opinion of the
Tana Kama. What does Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseirah say? Why is that?
(c) Shmuel rules like the strict opinion of Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseirah.
How do we reconcile this ruling with Shmuel's other ruling - that we always
follow the more lenient opinion when it comes to Aveilus?
(a) The limit for tearing K'ri'ah is as far as the navel.
What hint do
others bring for their opinion that it may reach no further that the heart?
(b) What does one do when ...
(c) What does the Beraisa say about tearing at the bottom of the garment or
at the sides?
- ... the tear reaches one's navel?
- ... the entire front of one's garment down to the navel is full of rents?
Does one start tearing at the back?
- ... and back of the garment are torn?
(d) Does anyone tear at the bottom of his clothes?
(a) Rav Masna and Mar Ukva argue in the name of Sh'muel's father and Levi:
one of them says that one may only add to an initial tear after the
What does the other one say?
(b) The reason for the first opinion is because during the Shiv'ah, even
sewing the tear inexpertly is forbidden.
Does this mean that a woman who
is sitting Shiv'ah (who *is* permitted to sew her torn garment), is
permitted to add to the initial tear (for another deceased relative), even
during the Shiv'ah?
(c) By the same token, the reason that the second opinion forbids adding to
the tear during the Sh'loshim is because one is then forbidden to sew the
Does this mean that one may never add to the tear
of a garment that one tore for one's father or mother (even *after* the
Sh'loshim), seeing as one is never permitted to sew it professionally?
(a) What does the Beraisa say about someone who walks in front of a dead
person with a garment that was torn previously?
(b) What should a person do (as regards tearing K'ri'ah) if he borrowed a
(c) Besides not informing a sick man that his relative has died (in case
this causes his illness to seriously deteriorate), what else may one not do
in his presence? What does one do with weeping women?
- ... with the express intention of going to visit his sick father, but when he arrived, he found that his father had died?
- ... without mentioning the fact that his father was sick?
(d) Does one tear Keri'ah ...
- ... on a Katan whose relative died (bearing in mind that he is not obligated to mourn)?
- ... for one's father-in-law or mother-in-law?
(a) What does the Tana in Eivel Rabasi say about an Aveil holding a baby on
Answers to questions
(b) We learned in our Mishnah that, on Chol ha'Mo'ed, one serves the Se'udas
Havra'ah on beds that have not been over-turned.
When, during the rest of
the year (see Rosh, Si'man 58) does one serve the Aveil on an overturned
bed, and when does one serve him on a bed that is not overturned?
(c) What did Rava (who was sitting Shiv'ah) remark about Aba bar Marsa, when
he kept on overturning the bed in order to serve Rava, after Rava had
(d) An Aveil who is traveling is obligated to minimise his urgent business
dealings if possible (see Tosfos DH 'Im').
What should he do if he is
unable to do so?