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Previous daf Nazir 61
NAZIR 61, 62 - The preparation of the study material for these Dafim was
supported by a grant from the Memorial Foundation for Jewish Culture, for
which the Kollel is grateful.
1) [line 6] NASHA - a medicinal salve made from the sap of a plant, which
causes hair to fall out
*****PEREK #9 HA'KUSIM*****
2) [line 14] KUSIM
(a) The King of Ashur brought the people of Kusa to Eretz Yisrael and made
them settle in the Shomron. They converted to Judaism after they found
themselves under attack from lions. The Chachamim disagree as to whether
their conversion was honest and valid (Geirei Emes) or not (Geirei Arayos).
(b) After the times of the Mishnah, the Kusim were found worshipping an
image of a dove and the Chachamim gave them the status of Nochrim.
(According to most Rishonim, this means that they decided to treat them like
Nochrim l'Chumra, even if they were Geirei Emes. According to the RAMBAM
(Peirush ha'Mishnayos), however, this means that they decided that their
conversion was not sincere and deemed them Nochrim (Geirei Arayos) for all
(c) The name of this Perek was changed by the Censors from the word
*ha'Nochrim* or the like, and the Halachos discussed in it do not only apply
to the Kusim.
3) [line 16] KOFEH ES AVDO - forces his slave [to violate his (the slave's)
4) [line 21] KOL MITZVAH SHEHA'ISHAH CHAYEVES BAH, EVED CHAYAV BAH (MITZVAS
ASEH SHEHA'ZEMAN GERAMA)
Mitzvos which must be performed at a specific time of the day belong to the
category called Mitzvas Aseh sheha'Zeman Gerama. Some examples are Sukah,
Lulav, Shofar, Tefilin and Tzitzis. Women are exempt from these Mitzvos,
with the exception of Kidush on Friday night, Matzah on Pesach night, the
Korban Pesach, Hakhel, and Simchah on Pesach, Shavu'os and Sukos. (RAMBAM
Hilchos Avodah Zarah 12:3)
5) [line 23] "...LE'SOR ISAR AL NAFSHO..." - "[If a man vows a vow to
HaSh-m, or swears an oath] to bind his soul with a prohibition; [he shall
not break his word, he shall do according to all that proceeds out of his
mouth.]" (Bamidbar 30:3)
6) [line 28] ERCHIN
Erech (= endowment valuation) refers to a special form of vow. If a person
declares, "Erech Ploni Alay" ("I accept upon myself to give the endowment
value of so-and-so to Hekdesh"), he must give the specific value that the
Torah designates for the person's gender and age group as stated in Vayikra
27:1-8 (see Chart below). It makes no difference at all whether the person
is healthy or sick, strong or weak.
THE "ERECH" THAT THE TORAH SPECIFIES IN VAYIKRA 27
|1 Mo. - 5 Yrs.
|| 5 Shekels
|| 3 Shekels
|5 - 20 Yrs.
|| 20 Shekels
|| 10 Shekels
|20 - 60 Yrs.
|| 50 Shekels
|| 30 Shekels
|Over 60 Yrs.
|| 15 Shekels
|| 10 Shekels
7) [line 29] BENEI YISRAEL MA'ARICHIN - Benei Yisrael can vow to give the
Erech of another person to Hekdesh
8) [line 30] YACHOL LO YEHU NE'ERACHIN - perhaps Nochrim cannot be
"evaluated;" i.e. I might think that someone from Benei Yisrael cannot say
about a Nochri, "I will give his Erech to Hekdesh"
9) [line 2] "V'ISH ASHER YITMA V'LO YISCHATA, V'NICHRESA..." - "But the man
who shall be Tamei, and shall not purify himself, that soul shall be cut off
from among the congregation, [because he has defiled the sanctuary of
HaSh-m; the water of sprinkling has not been sprinkled upon him; he is
Tamei.]" (Bamidbar 19:20)
10) [line 9] A"K - Amar Kra
11) [line 11] "V'HISNACHALTEM OSAM LI'VNEICHEM ACHAREICHEM..." - "And you
shall hold onto them as a heritage for your children after you, [to give to
your heirs as a possession; they shall be your slaves for ever; but your
brothers, the people of Yisrael, you shall not subjugate with hard labor.]"
12) [line 21] "...L'OLAH." - "[Speak to Aharon, and to his sons, and to all
the People of Yisrael, and say to them, 'Anyone ("Ish Ish") of the House of
Yisrael, or of the converts in Yisrael, who will bring his offering for any
of his vows, or for any of his voluntary offerings, which they will offer to
HaSh-m] as a burnt offering.'" (Vayikra 22: 18) - Rebbi Yosi ha'Gelili
learns from the word "l'Olah" that even though Chazal teach that this verse
allows Benei Yisrael to accept Korbanos as vows and voluntary offerings from
the Nochrim, they may not accept Korbenos Nezirus from them.
13) [line 23] NEZIRUS OLAM
(a) If someone says "I am a Nazir forever" or "I am a Nazir all the days of
my life", he becomes a Nezir Olam and is a Nazir until the end of his life.
Like a normal Nazir, he is not allowed to cut his hair, to become Tamei by
touching or being in the same room as a corpse, or to consume any products
of the grapevine.
(b) A Nezir Olam differs from a normal Nazir in that he may cut off his hair
at the end of every twelve months (or 30 days or 7 days, according to some
Tana'im, Nazir 4b) when his hair becomes heavy. (According to TOSFOS (ibid.)
he does not shave off his hair completely at this time.) On the day that he
cuts his hair, he brings the three Korbanos that a normal Nazir brings at
the completion of the Nezirus period; a Chatas, an Olah and a Shelamim (see
Background to Nazir 60:3a). If he becomes Tamei, he brings a Korban Tum'ah,
shaves his hair and starts his Nezirus anew (just like any Nazir who becomes
Tamei -- see Background to Nazir 60:2a and RAMBAM Nezirus 3:12)
14) [line 29] HALACHAH HI B'NAZIR - it is a Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai in the
Halachos of Nazir [(a) and a Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai only applies to Benei
Yisrael; (b) and it is not intuitive that an exclusion of the verses should
apply to a Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai -- TOSFOS DH v'Eima]