POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Nazir 4
1) ONE WHO ACCEPTS PARTIAL NEZIRUS
(a) Objection: The Torah does not require one to drink wine
for Kidush and Havdalah!
2) NEZIRUS SHIMSHON
(b) Answer #2 (Rava): He swore that he would drink wine, then
1. The Nezirus takes effect and he is forbidden to
(c) Question: Chachamim should also learn that "Wine and
strong drink" comes to forbid wine of a Mitzvah!
(d) Answer: We can learn that from "Wine" alone; "And strong
drink" comes to teach that it suffices to accept 1
prohibition of Nezirus.
(e) Question: What does R. Shimon learn from "And strong
(f) Answer #1: He learns a Gezeirah Shaveh to "Wine and
strong drink" written regarding the prohibition to serve
in the Temple when drunk.
1. Just as a Nazir is prohibited to drink wine and
permitted other intoxicating drinks, also a Kohen
may not serve after drinking wine, but is permitted
after other intoxicating drinks - unlike R. Yehudah.
(g) Answer #2: R. Shimon does not hold that a 2nd prohibition
takes effect on something which is already forbidden
(Tosfos - and he uses "And strong drink" to teach that
Nezirus adds a prohibition to wine which is already
forbidden; Rosh - "And strong drink" is his source for
i. (Beraisa - R. Yehudah): If one ate figs of
Ke'ilis and drank honey and milk and entered
the Temple, he is liable (to death at the hands
1. (Beraisa - R. Shimon): One who eats from an
unslaughtered animal on Yom Kipur is exempt (from
Kares for eating on Yom Kipur).
(h) Question: What do Chachamim learn from "All that is made
from the grapevine"?
(i) Answer: This teaches that all foods forbidden to a Nazir
are combined to obligate him lashes for eating an olive's
1. This is not applicable according to R. Shimon.
i. (Beraisa - R. Shimon): One is lashed for eating
any amount of a food forbidden by Chaivei Lavin
- the quantity of an olive is only relevant to
the obligation to bring a sacrifice.
(a) (Mishnah): I am as Shimshon, as Mano'ach's son, as
Delilah's husband; or, the one that uprooted the doors of
Azah; or, the one whose eyes were gouged out by the
Philistines - he is a Nazir Shimshon.
(b) (Gemara) Question: Why must all these be taught?
(c) Answer: Had it only said, I am as Shimshon - we would
have thought, as another Shimshon - therefore, he needs
to say as Mano'ach's son;
1. Had it only said, I am as Shimshon, Mano'ach's son
- we would have thought, another man has that name -
therefore, he needs to say as Delilaah's husband or
the one whose eyes were gouged out by the
(d) (Mishnah): What is the difference between a Nazir Olam
and a Nazir Shimshon? A Nazir Olam may lighten his hair
with a razor when it is too long, and he brings the 3
sacrifices of a Nazir; if he became Tamei, he brings the
sacrifices of a Nazir Tamei;
(e) A Nazir Shimshon cannot cut his hair, even if it is long;
if he becomes Tamei, he does not bring sacrifices.
(f) (Gemara) Question: Nazir Olam was not mentioned before
(that we should ask how it is different from a Nazir
(g) Answer: The Mishnah is abbreviated; it should read
thusly: One who says, 'I am a Nazir Olam' - he is a Nazir
1. What is the difference between a Nazir Olam and a
Nazir Shimshon? A Nazir Olam may lighten his hair
with a razor when it is too long, and he brings the
3 sacrifices of a Nazir; if he became Tamei, he
brings the sacrifices of a Nazir Tamei;
2. A Nazir Shimshon cannot cut his hair, even if it is
long; if he becomes Tamei, he does not bring
(h) We infer - he does not bring sacrifices, but it is
forbidden to become Tamei.
3) WHAT KIND OF NAZIR WAS SHIMSHON?
(i) Question: The Mishnah is not as R. Yehudah, nor as R.
1. (Beraisa - R. Yehudah): A Nazir Shimshon may become
Tamei to a corpse, as we find by Shimshon;
(j) Answer: The Mishnah is as R. Yehudah; he may become Tamei
2. R. Shimon says, acceptance to be a Nazir Shimshon
has no effect - we do not find that Shimshon
verbally accepted Nezirus.
i. The Mishnah is not as R. Yehudah - he says, a
Nazir Shimshon may become Tamei!
ii. It is not as R. Shimon - he says, a person does
not become a Nazir Shimshon!
1. Since it says by a Nazir Olam, if he became Tamei
(b'Di'eved), the same language was used by a Nazir
(k) Suggestion: R. Yehudah and R. Shimon argue as the
1. (Beraisa): 'This is forbidden to me as a firstborn
(male) animal' - R. Yakov says, the vow takes
effect; R. Yosi says, it does not.
(l) Rejection: No, all hold that a vow must equate the object
to an object forbidden by a vow; R. Yakov expounds "To
Hash-m" (in the verse of vowing) to teach that one may
equate the object to a firstborn animal.
2. Suggestion: R. Yehudah holds as R. Yakov, that a vow
can forbid an object without equating it to an
object forbidden by a vow; R. Shimon holds as R.
Yosi, a vow must equate the object to an object
forbidden by a vow.
1. R. Yosi expounds "To Hash-m" to teach that one may
equate the object to a sin-offering or
(m) Question: Why does R. Yosi learn that one may equate the
object to a sin-offering or guilt-offering, and not to a
(n) Answer: Sin and guilt offerings are sanctified by man,
but a firstborn animal is sanctified automatically when
it is born.
1. R. Yakov holds that a firstborn animal is also
sanctified by man.
(o) Question: Regarding Nazir, it also says, "To Hash-m" (R.
Shimon should admit, this comes to include Nazir
i. (Beraisa - Rabeinu's house): "The male you will
sanctify" - this is a Mitzvah to sanctify a
2. R. Yosi admits that there is a Mitzvah to proclaim
its sanctity - but its sanctity does not depend on
(p) Answer: He learns from "To Hash-m" as Shimon ha'Tzadik.
1. (Beraisa - Shimon ha'Tzadik): In all my days, I only
ate from one guilt-offering of a Nazir Tamei. The
man was beautiful, especially his hair.
i. Shimon ha'Tzadik: Why did you become a Nazir,
which requires you to cut off your beautiful
ii. The Nazir: I saw my reflection, and my evil
inclination was obsessed with my beauty - this
would ruin my life! I countered - do not pride
yourself with a world which is not yours - the
body stands to become worms! I will shave off
this hair to Hash-m (by becoming a Nazir)!
iii. Shimon ha'Tzadik kissed him. 'There should be
more Nezirim as you - this is the fulfillment
of "One that will vow to be a Nazir to
(a) Question: Was Shimshon really not a Nazir?
4) NAZIR OLAM
1. "The youth will be a Nazir to Hash-m from the womb"!
(b) Answer: The angel said that - neither Shimshon nor his
father vowed that he would be a Nazir.
(c) Question: How do we know that Shimshon became Tamei?
1. Suggestion: If from "I killed 1000 men with the
jawbone of a donkey" - perhaps he threw it at them
without touching them, and never became Tamei!
(d) Answer #1: Rather, from "He hit 30 men and took their
1. Question: Perhaps he took the garments before
(e) Answer #2: Rather, we know this from tradition.
2. Answer: It says he hit them before taking their
3. Question: Perhaps they did not die from the blow,
just became on the verge of death!
(a) Question: What is the source for a Nazir Olam?
(b) Answer (Beraisa - Rebbi): Avshalom was a Nazir Olam - "At
the end of 40 years, Avshalom said to the king, 'I will
go to fulfill what I vowed to Hash-m, in Chevron.'";
(c) He cuts his hair once a year - "It was at the end of