POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Nazir 12
1) AN AGENT TO ENGAGE A WOMAN
(a) (R. Yochanan): Reuven made an agent to engage an
unspecified woman; the agent died. Reuven is forbidden to
marry any woman.
1. We assume that an agent fulfills his mission; since
Reuven did not specify, we do not know whom he
engaged (if Reuven wants to marry a girl Leah, we
must be concerned that he is already married to a
relative of Leah).
(b) Question (Reish Lakish - Mishnah): A Ken (pair of
sanctified birds, one of which will be offered as a
sin-offering, the other as a burnt-offering) was
unspecified (which bird for which offering). One of the
birds flew away, or died, or became mixed with
sin-offerings which cannot be offered and must all die -
another bird is taken to complete the Ken;
1. Had the birds been specified, the remaining bird
could not be offered.
(c) (Summation of question): We are not concerned about other
Kinim (that one of the birds is the bird which flew away,
and cannot be used for a different sacrifice) -
similarly, we should not be concerned that the woman the
agent engaged is Leah's relative!
(d) Answer (R. Yochanan): Because a woman has a fixed
residence, it is treated as an even doubt, so we are
stringent; birds are not fixed, so we go after the
1. Suggestion: Perhaps the agent engaged a woman in the
market, where she is not fixed, and we go after the
(e) (Rava): R. Yochanan admits that Reuven may marry Leah if
Leah has no unmarried daughter, granddaughter, mother,
grandmother or sister.
2. Answer: She will return to her fixed residence, but
this does not apply to birds.
1. Even if one of these was married when Reuven
appointed the agent, and was subsequently divorced,
Leah is permitted to Reuven.
(f) Question: Why?
(g) Answer: When a man makes an agent, he charges him to do
something that can be done at that time.
(h) (Mishnah): Reuven said 'I am a Nazir, and it is upon me
to bring sacrifices of a Nazir'; Shimon heard this, and
said 'I also, and it is upon me to bring sacrifices of a
Nazir' - if they are clever, each brings the sacrifices
of the other; if not, each must bring the sacrifices of
1. We understand, Shimon fulfills his vow by bringing
Reuven's sacrifices - Reuven was already a Nazir
when Shimon vowed!
(i) Question: According to Rava - why can Reuven bring
Shimon's sacrifices - Shimon was not a Nazir when Reuven
2) SACRIFICES OF HALF A NAZIR
1. We must say, Reuven intended to bring sacrifices of
a Nazir', even if the person was not a Nazir at the
time of the vow.
(j) Answer: A person can only appoint an agent to do
something he could do now.
2. We should also say, the agent was charged to engage
a woman - even if she was only divorced later!
(k) Question (Beraisa - R. Oshiya): Reuven tells the overseer
of his house 'Annul any vows my wife makes until I return
from my trip.' The overseer's annulment does not work -
"Her husband (may) confirm her vows, her husband (may)
annul her vows";
(l) R. Yonasan says, we always find that a man's agent is
considered as the man himself.
1. If not for the verse, R. Oshiya would agree that the
overseer can annul the vows, even though the husband
could not do this now!
(m) Answer: R. Oshiya holds as R. Eliezer, that the husband
could annul the vows now.
i. (Beraisa): Reuven tells his wife, 'I now
confirm any vows you make from now until I
return' - this does not take effect; 'The vows
should be annulled' - R. Eliezer says, they are
annulled; Chachamim say, they are not annulled.
ii. We are assuming that R. Oshiya holds as
Chachamim. Even though the husband could not
annul the vows now, his agent could do so, if
not for the verse!
(n) Question: If so, why does he appoint an agent - let him
annul the vows himself!
(o) Answer: He is afraid that he will not annul them, out of
forgetfulness, anger or distraction.
(a) (Mishnah - R. Meir): Reuven said, 'It is upon me to bring
the sacrifices of a half-Nazir'; Shimon heard this and
said, 'Also I, it is upon me to bring the sacrifices of a
half-Nazir' - each must bring sacrifices of a full Nazir;
3) NEZIRUS OF GRATITUDE
(b) Chachamim say, each brings the sacrifices of a
(c) (Gemara - Rava): All admit, if he said 'Half the
sacrifices of a Nazir are incumbent upon me to bring', he
brings half the sacrifices of Nazir';
1. All agree, if he said 'The sacrifices of a
half-Nazir are upon me to bring', he must bring all
the sacrifices of a Nazir';
i. This is because we do not find half-Nezirus.
2. They argue in the case of the Mishnah, when he said
'It is upon me to bring the sacrifices of a
i. R. Meir says, once he said 'It is upon me', he
must bring all the sacrifices of a Nazir';
after this he cannot retract.
ii. Chachamim say, his vow to bring all the
sacrifices is accompanied by an opening to say
that he never meant this.
(a) (Mishnah): 'I will be a Nazir when I have a son' - if a
son is born to him, he is a Nazir; if a girl, Tumtum or
Androginus is born, he is not a Nazir;
(b) 'I will be a Nazir when I have a child - even if a girl,
Tumtum or Androginus is born, he is a Nazir;