POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Nazir 19
1) WHAT IS NEEDED TO START NEZIRUS TAHARAH?
2) A NAZIR THAT WAS TAMEI FROM THE START
1. "He will be a Nazir and will bring" - even before he
brings, he is a Nazir.
(b) Question: Who is the Tana of the following Beraisa?
2. R. Yishma'el, son of R. Yochanan ben Berokah
expounds, "He will be a Nazir and will bring" - When
is he a Nazir? When he brings!
1. (Beraisa): A woman accepted Nezirus and became
Teme'ah; her husband annulled her Nezirus. She
brings a bird as a sin-offering, but not a bird
(c) Answer (Rav Chisda): R. Yishmael.
(d) Question: How does R. Yishmael hold regarding a husband's
1. If the vow is uprooted retroactively - even a bird
sin-offering should not be needed!
(e) Answer: He holds, the vow is uprooted retroactively; a
sin-offering is needed, because he holds as R. Eliezer
2. If the vow is uprooted from the time of annulment
and henceforth - she should also have to bring a
bird as a burnt-offering!
1. Rhetorical question: (Beraisa - R. Eliezer ha'Kapar
b'Rebbi): "... that he sinned on the soul" - on
which soul did he sin?
(f) Question: The verse is written by a Tamei Nazir - but R.
Eliezer ha'Kapar says that even a Tahor Nazir sins!
2. Answer: On his own soul, by denying himself wine.
i. If one is called a sinner for denying himself
wine - all the more so, one who (fasts and)
denies himself all food!
(g) Answer: Yes, a Tahor Nazir also sins - the verse was
written by a Tamei Nazir, since he sinned twice.
(a) (Mishnah): If he left and entered (the cemetery), the
(b) Question: Just because he left, the days count?!
(c) Answer: (Shmuel): He left, was sprinkled with the
special water on days 3 and 7, and immersed.
(d) Question: Because he re-entered the cemetery, the days
count - if he did not re-enter, the days would not
(e) Answer: The Mishnah teaches an even bigger Chidush.
1. Not only if he left the cemetery - but even if he
re-enters, the days count.
(f) Rav Kahana and Rav Asi (to Rav): Why didn't you explain
the Mishnah to us?
(g) Rav: I thought you did not need me to explain it.
(h) (Mishnah): R. Eliezer says, if he re-entered on the same
day, the day is not nullified - " The first days will
fall" - there must be (at least 2) first days.
(i) (Ula): R. Eliezer only said this by a Tamei person that
accepted Nezirus - but a Tahor Nazir that became Tamei,
even on the 1st day, the day is nullified.
(j) (Rava): R. Eliezer learns from "For he made Tamei his
Nezirus" - because he accepted Nezirus in Tum'ah.
3) NEZIRUS OUTSIDE OF YISRAEL
(k) Question (Abaye - Beraisa): Reuven said 'I am a Nazir for
100 days', and he became Tamei at the beginning.
1. Suggestion: Perhaps the 1st day should be wiped out.
(l) Answer: No - "The first days will fall", and this man has
only 1 first day.
(m) Question (Beraisa): If he became Tamei at the end of 100,
one might have thought he nullifies the days he counted -
"The first days will fall", implying that there are last
days, and this man has only 1 last day;
(n) If he became Tamei on day 99, one might have thought he
does not nullify the days he counted - "The first days
will fall", implying that there are last days, and this
man has 1st and last days.
1. You cannot say that he was Tamei when he accepted
Nezirus, since in the previous case he became Tamei
at the beginning of the 100 days.
(o) Question (Rav Papa): The first days - does this mean, 2
days have passed, and the 3rd day has begun?
2. The Beraisa says, he must have first days.
i. This refutes Ula.
1. Or, 1 day has passed, the 2nd day has begun?
(p) Answer (Rava): It says, "They will fall" (even partial
days; the 1st explanation in Rashi - 2 full days fall).
2. Abaye was unable to answer.
1. The Torah had to write both "Days" and "They will
i. If it only said "Days" - one might have
thought, 2 days have passed, the 3rd has begun.
ii. If it only said "They will fall" - one might
have thought, even 1 day.
(a) (Mishnah): One who accepted a long Nezirus in Chutz
La'aretz, completed it and came to Eretz Yisrael - Beis
Shamai say, he must conduct 30 more days of Nezirus; Beis
Hillel say, he starts the entire Nezirus from the
1. There was a case with Queen Hilni. She accepted to
be a Nazirah for 7 years if her son will return safe
from war; he did. At the end of the 7 years, she
came up to Eretz Yisrael. Beis Hillel ruled that she
must be a Nazirah for 7 more years.
(b) (Gemara - Mishnah): Beis Shamai say, he must conduct 30
more days of Nezirus; Beis Hillel say, he starts the
entire Nezirus from the beginning.
i. At the end of those 7 years, she became
Teme'ah, and had to fulfill 7 more years, a
total of 21 years of Nezirus;
ii. R. Yehudah says, she was a Nazirah for only 14
(c) Suggestion: Beis Shamai hold that Tum'ah was decreed on
the soil of Chutz La'aretz, and Beis Hillel hold that
anything in the airspace of Chutz La'aretz is Tamei
(since Beis Hillel are more stringent by Tum'ah, they are
more stringent by Nezirus also). (Tosfos' text: Beis
Shamai hold that Tum'ah was decreed on the air of Chutz
La'aretz, and Beis Hillel hold that the soil of Chutz
La'aretz is Tamei; since Beis Hillel's decree resembles
Tum'ah mid'Oraisa, they require the Nazir to act as if he
became Tamei mid'Oraisa).