POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Nazir 47
1) TUM'AH BETWEEN SACRIFICES AND SHAVING
(a) (Mishnah - R. Eliezer): If a Nazir became Tamei after the
blood of 1 of his sacrifices was thrown on the altar -
all is nullified; Chachamim say, he brings the other
sacrifices and becomes Tahor.
***** PEREK KOHEN GADOL *****
(b) Chachamim: There was a case of Miryam from Tarmud - after
the blood of 1 of her sacrifices was thrown, they told
her that her daughter was close to death. She went and
found her dead - the sages ruled that she brings the
other sacrifices and becomes Tehorah.
(c) (Gemara) Question: R. Eliezer says that all is nullified
- but he holds that Tum'ah after the term of Nezirus only
nullifies 7 days!
(d) Answer (Rav): Yes! When he says, all is nullified, this
means the sacrifices.
1. Presumably, this is correct, for Chachamim argue and
say that he brings the other sacrifices and becomes
2. Also, they support their position from the episode
of Miryam, in which the ruling was that she brings
the remaining sacrifices.
2) WHEN TUM'AH IS PERMITTED
(a) (Mishnah): A Kohen Gadol or a Nazir may not become Tamei
when a relative dies, but he may become Tamei for a Mes
(b) A Kohen Gadol and a Nazir found a Mes Mitzvah on the
road. R. Eliezer says, the Kohen Gadol should become
Tamei to bury him, not the Nazir; Chachamim say, the
Nazir should bury him.
1. R. Eliezer: The Kohen should become Tamei, for he
does not bring a sacrifice for becoming Tamei!
(c) (Gemara): When a Kohen Gadol and Nazir are together, the
Tana'im in our Mishnah argue, which has precedence (and
should not become Tamei).
2. Chachamim: The Nazir should become Tamei, for his
Kedushah is not permanent, but a Kohen's Kedushah is
(d) A Kohen Gadol anointed with the anointing oil, and a
Kohen Gadol inaugurated only through wearing the
additional garments of a Kohen Gadol - the former has
precedence, for he brings a bull if he sinned because a
mistaken ruling, but the latter does not;
3) PERMISSION TO BURY A MES MITZVAH
(e) An anointed Kohen Gadol that once substituted for the
Kohen Gadol on Yom Kipur, and a Kohen Gadol inaugurated
via the additional garments - the latter has precedence,
for he can serve in the Mikdash, and the former cannot.
(f) A Kohen that cannot serve because he is Tamei through an
emission, and one that cannot serve because of a blemish
- the former has precedence, for he can serve tomorrow,
and the latter cannot.
(g) Question: The Kohen appointed for war (to speak to the
soldiers), and the vice-Kohen Gadol - which has
1. Perhaps the former, for he serves a need in war.
(h) Answer (Beraisa): The only difference between a Kohen
appointed for war and a vice-Kohen Gadol is that if they
chance upon a Mes Mitzvah, the former becomes Tamei.
2. Or perhaps the vice-Kohen Gadol, for he is fit to
serve in the Mikdash.
(i) Objection: But another Beraisa says that the Kohen
appointed for war has precedence!
(j) Answer (Mitzvah): To sustain him, the war Kohen has
precedence, for many depend on him; regarding Tum'ah, the
vice Kohen Gadol has precedence.
1. (Beraisa - R. Chanina ben Antigonus): A vice Kohen
Gadol is appointed, in case the Kohen Gadol will
become Tamei (on Yom Kipur), the vice Kohen Gadol
will serve in his place.
(a) Question: We see, if a Kohen Gadol or Nazir was alone, he
may bury a Mes Mitzvah - how do we know this?
(b) Answer (Beraisa): "(A Kohen Gadol) will not come upon any
dead souls" - what does the verse speak of?
1. Suggestion: If it teaches that he may not become
Tamei for strangers - we know this from a Kal
i. A regular Kohen may become Tamei for relatives,
but not for strangers - a Kohen Gadol, who may
not become Tamei for relatives, all the more
so, not for strangers!
2. Rather, it teaches that he may not become Tamei for
3. "To his father" he may not become Tamei - but he may
become Tamei for a Mes Mitzvah!