POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Nazir 66
1) SEMINAL EMISSIONS OF A ZAV
(a) (Rava): When the Mishnah says that a doubtful case is
assumed to be Zivah - this does not mean, if we are
unsure if he had an emission;
2) WAS SHMUEL A NAZIR?
(b) Rather, he had an emission, but we do not know if it is
Zivah, or if it is attributable to a seminal emission.
1. Once he is a Zav, when in doubt, we treat it as
(c) (Mishnah): His semen is Tamei ...
(d) Question: In what respect?
1. Suggestion: If that it imparts Tum'ah to one who
touches it - this applies even to semen of a Tahor
(e) Answer #1: Rather, it imparts Tum'ah to one who moves it.
1. Question: Which Tana holds this way?
(f) Answer #2 (to question (e) - Rav Ada bar Ahavah): If a
Zav sees (has a flow of) Zivah after a seminal emission,
the Zivah is considered as proper Zivah (we do not
attribute it to the semen).
2. Suggestion: R. Yehoshua (as follows).
i. (Beraisa - R. Eliezer): Semen of a Zav does not
imparts Tum'ah to one who moves it; R. Yehoshua
says, it does, for it certainly contains drops
3. Rejection: No - the Mishnah connotes that the semen
itself imparts Tum'ah to one who moves it; R.
Yehoshua says that only the Zivah inside does so.
(g) [Tosfos' text and explanation - (Rav Papa): Rav Ada bar
Ahavah reasons thusly: a Tahor person that sees Zivah
after semen, we attribute it to weakness as a result of
the semen; by a Zav, even Zivah due to such factors is
(h) Question (Rava - Mishnah): A convert can become a Zav
immediately upon converting (even if he saw semen right
1. We should attribute the Zivah to his weakness! ]
(i) [Rashi - (Rav Papa): Rav Ada bar Ahavah reasons thusly:
proper Zivah is due to weakness; a Zav is known to be
weak, so we attribute the Zivah to his weakness.
(j) Question (Rava - Mishnah): A convert (that was
circumcised a while ago) can become a Zav immediately
upon converting (even if he saw semen right before
1. We should attribute the Zivah to the semen, since he
is not weak!
(k) Answer (Rav Papa): There is no greater weakness than
conversion (accepting the yoke of Mitzvos)! ]
(l) We can defend Answer #1 (e) by answering question (e:1).
1. Answer: The following Tana'im hold that semen of a
Zav imparts Tum'ah to one who moves it.
(m) Question: On what do these Tana'im argue?
2. (Beraisa): If a Zav sees semen within 24 hours of
(previously) seeing Zivah, the semen imparts Tum'ah
to one who moves it; R. Yosi says, only if the semen
comes on the same day as the Zivah.
(n) Answer: They give different answers to Shmuel's question.
1. Contradiction (Shmuel): "When a man will not be
Tahor due to a nighttime emission" (this suggests
that semen is only as Zivah on the same day);
(o) Question: How do Chachamim expound the 1st verse?
2. It also says, "He will immerse close to nightfall"
(this suggests that semen is as Zivah for 24 hours)!
i. R. Yosi learns from the 1st verse; Chachamim
learn from the 2nd.
(p) Answer: The verse speaks in the usual case, that
emissions come at night.
(a) (Mishnah - R. Nehurai): Shmuel was a Nazir.
1. It says by Shmuel, "*Morah* (a razor) will not pass
over his head"; "Morah" is also said by Shimshon.
(b) R. Yosi: "Morah" refers to "*Mora*" (fear), that he will
not fear people.
2. Just as Shimshon was a Nazir, also Shmuel.
(c) R. Nehurai: "Shmuel said, 'How can I go - Sha'ul will
hear and kill me" - we see that he feared people!
3) BLESSING OR ANSWERING AMEN
(a) Rav and Rav Huna instructed their sons to bless over the
meal and exempt the others.
On to Sotah
(b) Question: They must hold, it is better to bless than to
1. (Beraisa - R. Yosi): The one who answers Amen is
greater than the one that blesses.
(c) Answer: Rav and Rav Huna hold as the following Tana.
2. R. Nehurai: We see this from war - the weak ones
fight first, and the victory is credited to the
strong ones that finish.
1. (Beraisa): Both the one who blesses and the one who
answers Amen get reward; reward is paid first to the
one who blesses.
(d) (R. Elazar): Chachamim increase peace in the world - "All
your children learn Hash-m's way, and great is the Shalom
of your children".