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Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
(a) S'tam Nezirus lasts thirty days. The Tana of our Mishnah requires a Nazir who shaved his head or who was shaved by someone else, to count another thirty days, assuming that he shaved on the last day of his Nezirus (because he must have a thirty-day growth before he shaves at the termination of his Nezirus. If he shaved ...2)1. ... on the twentieth day of his Nezirus - he will only need to count an extra twenty days (to make up the thirty-day growth).(b) The Torah writes "Ta'ar Lo Ya'avor al Rosho". Nevertheless - a Nazir is Chayav Malkos for cutting his hair with scissors or for pulling out hair with his hands (anything in fact, that destroys his hair like a razor). (c) He is Chayav - even if he cuts only one hair.
(a) We ask whether hair grows from the tip or from the root. The ramifications of this She'eilah are - if robbers trimmed his hair, leaving a sufficient length of hair to bend each one until its tip touches its root; if the hair grows from its roots, then by cutting-off half of the hairs, they will have removed his original hair of Nezirus, and he will be required to count extra days accordingly; whereas if it grows from the tip, his original hair will remain, and he will not be obligated to count any extra time.3)
(a) We cannot prove from ...4)1. ... the egg of a louse, which remains on the head even though the hair grows, that it grows from the tip - because it could be that, as the hair grows, the egg (which apparently has life) moves down to the root (where it feels more comfortable).(b) A 'B'luris shel Kushim' is - a shock of hair which idolaters would allow to grow around the circumference of the head as a form of idol-worship, which they then would make into plaits.
(a) We finally resolve our She'eilah from the Mishnah in Bechoros concerning the painting of animals that had been designated for Ma'aser Beheimah - the paint which would cause the hair to mat, and then, as more hair grew, the collection of hair close to the skin grew loose, the matted hair being the end that was remove from the animal's body, a clear proof that hair grows from the roots.
(a) The Beraisa says that a Nazir whom robbers shaved, leaving sufficient hair to bend the tip to the roots - does not need to demolish his Nezirus.6)
(a) According to the Rabbanan, a Nazir who shaves on the thirtieth day is obligated to count another thirty days before terminating his Nezirus - and they learn this from a Nazir who became Tamei on his thirtieth day, and who is required to start his Nezirus all over again (Tosfos).7)
(a) If the robbers did not leave a seven-day growth on the Nazir's head ...8)1. ... he will be obligated to count thirty days - according to Rebbi Eliezer.(b) This does not mean that he is completely absolved from shaving. As a matter of fact - he has a Mitzvah to shave, and does not drink wine until he has done so, but there is no intrinsic Isur of drinking wine immediately.
(a) We have already learned that a Nazir receives Malkos for destroying even one hair, irrespective of how he does it. Rebbi Yashiyah in a Beraisa learns from the Pasuk "Kadosh Yih'yeh, Gadeil Pera Se'ar Rosho" that he transgresses an Asei if he just trims it. According to Rebbi Yonasan, the corollary between this Pasuk and that of "Ta'ar Lo Yavo al Rosho" is - that he is Chayav only if he shaves with a razor, when he also transgresses an Asei. Trimming the Nazir's hair, in his opinion, is permitted.9)
(a) We conclude that the Torah uses "Ta'ar" to teach us that the final Mitzvah of shaving the Nazir must be performed with a razor. We cannot learn this from a Metzora, who shaves his hair specifically with a razor - because the shaving of a Metzora is more stringent than that of a Nazir, inasmuch as *he* must shave all his body-hair too (whereas a Nazir shaves only the hair of his head); and we cannot learn a Chumra from something which is already more stringent in other regards.Next daf