ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Nazir 45
(a) A Nazir Tahor brings - a Chatas, an Olah and a Shelamim?
(b) According to Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah, he shaves on the Shelamim -
because the Torah writes (in connection with the shaving) "Pesach Ohel
Mo'ed" (which will be explained later).
(c) The problem with this is the order of the Korbanos in the Torah - which
places the Chatas first (and not the Shelamim as would appear from Rebbi
(d) Rebbi Elazar disagrees. He rules that the Nazir must shave on the
Chatas - because the Chatas is always brought first.
(a) Raban Shimon ben Gamliel says that someone who brings the three required
animals, but without having designated them - nevertheless brings each one
according to the Torah's specifications.
(b) He will then bring the she-lamb for the Chatas, the he-lamb for the Olah
and the ram for the Shelamim.
(a) The Torah writes "Pesach Ohel Mo'ed" in connection with the shaving, as
we just explained. The Tana of the Beraisa (who holds like Rebbi Yehudah in
our Mishnah) learns from there that the Nazir shaves on the Shelamim -
because it is in connection with the Shechitah of the Shelamim that the
Torah writes "Pesach Ohel Mo'ed".
(b) He does not take it literally - because it would be disrespectful to
shave at the entrance of the Ohel Mo'ed.
(c) The Tana supports this from the Pasuk "ve'Lo Sa'aleh be'Ma'alos al
Mizbechi" - from which he extrapolates that one should treat whatever is
holy with deep respect (inasmuch as even the ascent to the Mizbei'ach, had
to be performed by means of a ramp rather than steps to climb, in order to
minimise the inevitable parting of one's legs; how much more so should one
not do something in a holy place which is intrinsically degrading (such as
shaving off one's hair)!
(d) Rebbi Yitzchak disagrees with the need for a special D'rashah, because
he learns it already from the Pasuk "ve'Lakach es Se'ar Rosh Nizro, ve'Nasan
al ha'Eish" - implying that all that is needed is to take the Nazir's hair
and to place it under the pot of Shelamim (which could be cooked anywhere in
Yerushalayim), but not to have to carry it from the entrance of the Ohel
Mo'ed to place it under the pot of the Shelamim.
(a) Rebbi Chanan Amar Rebbi Eliezer also declined to explain "Pesach Ohel
Mo'ed" literally (for the reason that we stated above). *He* explains it
to mean - that the Nazir is obligated to shave his hair when the entrance of
the Ohel Mo'ed is open, and not when it is closed.
(b) Rebbi Shimon Shezuri extrapolate from the Pasuk "ve'Gilach *ha'Nazir*
Pesach Ohel Mo'ed" - that only a Nazir shaves at the entrance to the Ohel
Mo'ed, but not a Nezirah (in case the Kohanim will be incited to sin with
(c) This does not mean that a Nezirah does not need to shave her hair - only
that she shaves it in a discreet location somewhere in Yerushalayim (see
(d) When they asked Rebbi Shimon Shezuri from a Sotah, whom the Kohanim
stood in the Azarah, yet the Torah is not afraid that they will sin with
her - he replied that the two cases are not comparable, since a Sotah
appeared in the Beis-Hamikdash without any make-up, whereas a Nezirah
presumably wore make-up as usual.
(a) After shaving off his hair - the Nazir would place it under the pot
containing the Shelamim.
(b) When the Tana of our Mishnah writes 've'Im Gilach bi'Medinah, Lo Hayah
Meshalei'ach Tachas ha'Dud' - he means if he shaved it off outside
Yerushalayim, which was permitted though it was not the ideal thing to do.
(c) According to the Tana Kama, the Din of throwing the Nazir's hair under
the pot containing the Shelamim was confined to a Nazir Tahor who shaved in
Yerushalayim - because the Torah only mentions it in connection with a Nazir
Tahor, and because the Torah writes "ve'Lakach ... ve'Nasan" (and not
"ve'Lakach ... ve'Heivi ve'Nasan" as we explained earlier).
(d) According to Rebbi Meir, the hair of a Nazir Tamei, like that of a Nazir
Tahor, was placed under the pot. According to him, they placed the hair of
1. ... a Nazir Tahor - either under the pot of the Shelamim anywhere in
Yerushalayim, or (Bedieved) under the pot of the Chatas in the Azarah.
2. ... a Nazir Tamei - under the pot of the (bird of the) Chatas or (the
lamb of) the Asham in the Azarah.
(a) Rebbi Meir concedes that a Nazir Tamei outside the Beis Hamikdash did
not throw his hair under the pot containing his Korban - because it had to
be buried (though the source for this is obscure - Tosfos).
(b) According to Rebbi Yehudah in the previous Mishnah, the Nazir threw his
hair underneath the pot containing the Shelamim. The Tana of the Beraisa
maintains that he would fulfill the Mitzvah even if he placed it underneath
the pot containing the Chatas or the Asham.
(c) A Nazir *Tamei* brings an Asham. In this point, explains Rava - the Tana
is referring to a Nazir Tamei (and he concurs with Rebbi Meir in our
(a) The Tana learns from the Pasuk "Asher Tachas *Zevach* ha'Shelamim",
explains Rava - that before placing the hair underneath the pot of the
Shelamim, he pours some of the gravy of the Shelamim over it.
(b) We learn from the fact that the Torah writes ...
1. ... "Zevach ha'Shelamim (rather than "Rotav ha'Shelamim") - that the
Nazir is Yotze even if places the hair underneath the pot containing the
Chatas (or in the case of the Nazir Tamei, the Asham).
2. ... "Zevach ha'Shelamim" rather than "Zevach u'Shelamim" - that he pours
some of the gravy of the Shelamim over it.
(a) We have already learned that according to Rebbi Meir, every Nazir had
to throw his hair under the pot except for a Tamei Nazir who shaved outside
Yerushalayim, whereas according to the Chachamim it is only a Tahor Nazir in
Yerushalayim who did so. Rebbi Yehudah says - that a Tahor Nazir had to
throw his hair under the pot, a Tamei Nazir did not.
(b) Rebbi Yehudah's reason is - because the Torah only mentions this Din of
throwing the hair by a Nazir Tahor.
(c) The owner would cook the Shelamim or make 'Shelikah' - which means -
(a) Besides the cooked right foreleg the Shelamim (the ram) - the Kohen also
received one of each of the two kinds of bread from the basket containing
the Nazir's loaves (one Chalah and one wafer).
(b) Before taking them for himself - he would place them into the hands of
the Nazir and wave them together with him.
(c) The Nazir is then permitted to drink wine and to become Tamei Meis -
apparently like Rebbi Eliezer who is about to be cited in a Beraisa
(d) Rebbi Shimon is more lenient than the Tana Kama - permitting the Nazir
to drink wine as soon as the blood of one of the Korbanos has been sprinkled
(like the Chachamim there).