What is the logic of Rebbi Yishmael who permits her? Since she was only beautified
after the Neder, it should be a case of Nolad, and Nolad cannot be used to annul a
(a) The RAN writes that Rebbi Yishmael holds like Rebbi Eliezer (64a) who says that
Nolad *may* be used as grounds for the annulment of a Neder. The Chachamim argue,
following their own view that Nolad cannot be used as a Pesach for the annulment of a
(b) The ROSH explains that even Rebbi Yishmael admits that Nolad cannot be used to
annul a Neder. However, Rebbi Yishmael's logic is that Jewish women are all
inherently beautiful, and any ugliness is due only to their state of poverty, like
the Mishnah says. When the man made a Neder not to marry the woman because she was
ugly, he meant because she was inherently ugly. Since Rebbi Yishmael maintained that
she was not inherently ugly, he therefore permitted him to marry her because it was a
Neder Ta'us, a Neder made in error. This is also the opinion of the RITVA.
It appears that the Rosh and the Ran are arguing whether Rebbi Yishmael made the
woman more beautiful (which would be Nolad), or he merely removed her ugliness in
order for her inherent beauty to show itself (which would not be Nolad).
The Gemara explains that the way Rebbi Yishmael beautified her was by replacing her
ugly-looking substitute tooth with a golden tooth. The argument between the Rosh and
Ran might depend on how to understand why this beautified her, as follows.
The MAHARSHA asks a basic question. The Gemara in Shabbos (65a) explains that a woman
is not permitted to go outside on Shabbos with a gold tooth, but she is permitted to
go out with a silver tooth. RASHI there (DH Lo Shanu) offers two explanations for
this. One explanation is that the woman who goes out with a gold tooth might remove
it and carry it in order to show it to other women, because it is so precious, and
she will walk with it for four Amos in Reshus ha'Rabim. In contrast, a woman will not
remove and carry a silver tooth, because it is nothing special to display.
Rashi then quotes his mentors who explain that we are afraid that she will take out
the gold tooth from her mouth and carry it, because it makes her look ugly since it
does not match her other teeth, while a silver tooth blends in more with her other
teeth. According to this explanation, why did Rebbi Yishmael make this woman a gold
tooth in order to make her pretty? On the contrary, a gold tooth makes her look odd!
He should have spent less money and made her a silver tooth, which would have looked
RAV YAKOV EMDEN suggests two answers. First, he suggests that the Gemara does not
really mean that he made her a gold tooth, but that he made her a tooth that was
worth as much as gold. It was a silver tooth but the value of the denistry work cost
so much money that the tooth might as well have been made out of gold. Alternatively,
the woman's other teeth were also yellow (or Rebbi Yishmael plated the other teeth
with gold), and thus the gold tooth blended with them perfectly.
This might be the basis for the Machlokes Rishonim in our Sugya. The Ran might have
learned like Rashi's own explanation in Shabbos, that a gold tooth, a gem in one's
mouth, is certainly much prettier than a silver tooth, and certainly more than a
normal false tooth. Since Rebbi Yishmael made her a gold tooth to make her pretty, it
was Nolad -- she became beautiful only after the Neder as a result of the new tooth.
However, the Rosh might have learned like the mentors of Rashi in Shabbos, that the
purpose of the gold tooth was simply to cover up the open gap left by the missing
tooth (or the black spot made by the false tooth). Accordingly, it was not Nolad,
because she really was already beautiful, but the black tooth was making her look
ugly, and by replacing it with a gold tooth he removed the ugliness.