POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi N. Slifkin
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Nedarim 3
NEDARIM 2,3,4,5 - dedicated by Uri Wolfson and Naftali Wilk in honor of Rav
Mordechai Rabin of Har Nof, a true beacon of Torah and Chesed.
1) THE ORDER OF THE MISHNAH (Cont.)
(a) Answer: There is no set procedure as to which to explain first.
2) THE SOURCE OF YADOS
(b) Answer #2: The laws of Yados were explained first because the
explanation came from an exegesis (and the work involved made it
1. Question: If so, let the laws of Yados be listed first!?
2. Answer: Kinuyim were listed first because they are d'Oraisa
(and for the purpose of listing laws, the most basic ones
3. Question: That works according to the opinion that they are
a foreign language, but what about according to the opinion
that they are invented by the Sages?
4. Answer: Since we are already emending the Mishnah to insert
the law of Yados, we can also insert it before that of
i. Thus, it states the law of Yados, then that of Kinuyim;
then it explains Yados, then explains Kinuyim.
(a) Question: What is the source for the law of Yados?
(b) Answer: A Beraisa derives it from a verse:
1. "Nazir LeHazir" teaches that Yados are effective for Nazir.
(c) Question: If we learn Yados from the double expression Nazir
LeHazir, why not also learn it from Lindor Neder?
2. The adjacent words Lindor Neder transfer Yados to Neder by
way of a Hekesh.
3. The juxtaposition also transfers the law of Bal Yachel and
Bal T'acher from Neder to Nazir.
4. It also transfers the annulment power of a father and
husband to Nazir.
(d) Answer: The exegesis comes from the unusual order of the words,
whereas Lindor Neder is the usual way of speaking.
(e) Question: According to the opinion that we do not refrain from
deriving laws from a word on the grounds of it being the normal
way of speaking, what is learned from the phrase Lindor Neder?
(f) Answer: He uses it to teach the law of Yados, and transfers it to
Nazir. He uses Nazir LeHazir to teach that one can accept a
(g) Question: According to the other opinion, how do we know that one
can accept a double Nezirus?
3) TRANSFERRING LAWS FROM NEDER TO NAZIR
(h) Answer: It is learned from the Torah saying LeHazir rather than
(i) (In Eretz Yisrael) Some derive Yados from Lindor Neder, and some
from "Kol Hayotzi Mipiv Yaaseh."
(a) Question: How can Bal Yachel be transferred to Nazir such that it
can be transgressed alone - if he drinks wine, he transgresses
(b) Answer: He indeed transgresses both.
(c) Question: How can Bal T'acher be transferred to Nazir - if he
eats grapes, he is simply a Nazir who has transgressed Bal
(d) Answer #1: It applies in a case where he said "When I wish, I
will become a Nazir."
1. Question: But in such a case, there is never Bal T'acher!?
(e) Answer #2 (Rava): It applies in a case where he said that he will
not die without having become a Nazir, where he has to accept it
1. This is similar to the case of a Kohen who says that a Get
will apply from one hour before his death, whereupon his
wife is instantly prohibited from eating Terumah.