POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Nedarim 22
NEDARIM 22 - this Daf has been dedicated by Rabbi Eli Turkel of
Ra'anana, Israel, to the memory of his father, Reb Yisrael
Shimon ben Shlomo ha'Levi Turkel (Yarhzeit: 10 Av).
1) ANNULMENT THROUGH REGRET
(a) The woman: No.
1. R. Yochanan permitted the vow.
(b) The grandson of the elder R. Yanai came before the elder
R. Yanai to permit a vow.
1. R. Yanai: Had you known that because of your vow,
the Heavenly Beis Din will open your case and
scrutinize your deeds, would you have vowed?
(c) (R. Aba): R. Yanai learned that a vow causes one's deeds
to be scrutinized from "After vows, to investigate".
2. His grandson: No.
i. R. Yanai permitted the vow.
1. Even though R. Yanai used this to prompt regret, we
do not use it.
(d) Also, we do not prompt regret as the following case.
1. (R. Gamliel): "One can damage as a sword through his
utterance, but the language of Chachamim heals" -
anyone that vows is fitting to be pierced by a
sword, but Chachamim can cure him (by annulling the
(e) Also, we do not prompt regret with the following
1. (R. Noson): One who vows is as one who builds a
private Altar (when they are forbidden); one who
fulfills the vow (i.e. and does not annul it) is as
one who offers a sacrifice on it.
(f) Also, we do not prompt regret with Shmuel's teaching.
2. We do prompt regret with the 1st half of the
3. (Abaye): We may also use the 2nd.half.
4. (Rava): We may not use the 2nd half.
i. The law is, we may not use either half.
1. (Shmuel): Even though one fulfills the vow, he is
(g) (Rav Yosef): A Mishnah teaches that one who vows is
2. (R. Avahu): This is learned from "When you will
refrain from vowing, there will not be sin in you".
i. We learn from a Gezeirah Shaveh "cease-cease".
ii. Here it says, "When you will cease from
vowing"; another verse says "There, the wicked
ceased from rage".
1. (Mishnah): One who vows 'As vows of proper people",
this is not a vow; "As vows of the wicked", this is
a vow, be it a vow of Nezirus, to bring a sacrifice,
or an oath.
(a) (R. Shmuel Bar Nachmani): Anyone that gets angry, all
types of Gehenom rule over him - "Remove anger from your
heart, and purge evil from your flesh".
1. "Evil" refers to Gehenom - "Hash-m did everything
for his praise; also a wicked one, on his evil day
(will be a praise of Hash-m)".
(b) 2 people from Bei Chuzai accompanied Ula when he came to
Eretz Yisrael. One slaughtered the other, and asked Ula
if this was proper.
2. Also, Tachtoniyos (abdominal pains) rule over him -
"Hash-m will give you there a raging heart, longing
eyes and a worried soul".
i. What makes the eyes yearn and the soul worried?
1. Ula: Yes - open his neck.
2. Question (Ula): Did I sin by condoning a sinner?
3. Answer (R. Yochanan): No - you saved your life!
4. Question (R. Yochanan): How can this be - "*There*
(in Chutz La'aretz) you will have a raging heart"!
5. Answer (Ula): At the time, we were on the other side
of the Yarden (in Chutz La'aretz).
(c) (Rabah Bar Rav Huna): Anyone that gets angry, even the
Divine Presence is not important to him - "An evil one,
at the height of his anger, does not seek - in his plans,
he ignores Hash-m".
3) VOWS WE DO NOT PERMIT
(d) (R. Yirmiyah from Difti): (Anger makes him) forget his
learning and increase foolishness.
1. "Anger will rest in the lap of fools"; "A fool will
spread his foolishness".
(e) (Rav Nachman Bar Yitzchak): Clearly, his sins outnumber
his merits - "An angry person has great transgressions".
(f) (Rav Ada b'Rebbi Chanina): Had Yisrael not sinned, we
would only have received the 5 books of the Torah and the
book of Yehoshua; the latter is needed for the boundaries
of the tribes in Eretz Yisrael.
(g) Question: Why?
(h) Answer: "In great Chachmah (the other prophets and holy
writings) is the great anger of Hash-m (over Yisrael's
(a) (R. Asi): Only 1 vow (some explain, an oath) in which was
mentioned the L-rd of Yisrael do we permit.
4) WAYS OF PROMPTING REGRET
1. This is a man that vowed that his wife should not
benefit from him because she stole his wallet or hit
his son, and he later learned that he was mistaken.
(b) A woman came before Rav Asi; she had vowed by the L-rd of
1. Rav Asi: Had you vowed with Mohi (i.e. sworn), which
is not an actual name of Hash-m, I would (Ran - not)
have dealt with you (to annul the oath); now that
you swore using 'the L-rd of Yisrael', I will (Ran -
certainly) not deal with you.
(c) Rav Kahana visited the house of Rav Yosef.
1. Rav Yosef: Eat something.
(d) We understand why Rav Kahana swore (so Rav Yosef would
not persist to ask him to eat).
2. Rav Kahana: (By the name of) the L-rd of everything,
I will not eat!
3. Rav Yosef: No - (by the name of) the L-rd of
everything, you will not eat!
1. Question: Why did Rav Yosef swear?
(e) (Rava): The law is, we annul vows through regret, and we
annul vows taken with 'L-rd of Yisrael'.
2. Answer: He did not swear - rather, he said, since
you said 'L-rd of everything', you will not eat.
(a) Rava was praising Rav Schorah in front of Rav Nachman;
Rav Schorah came before Rav Nachman with a vow to annul.
1. Rav Nachman suggested things which Rav Schorah might
have overlooked when he vowed; each time, Rav
Schorah said that he vowed having that thing in
(b) Rav Schorah found an opening to permit his own vow.
2. Rav Nachman was disturbed. 'Go home' (I cannot annul
1. (Mishnah): Rebbi says, which is the straight way
that a man should choose? Whatever is glory to his
Maker and glory to him from people.
2. Rav Schorah: I did not vow with intent that this
would upset Rav Nachman!
3. R. Shimon b'Rebbi came before Chachamim to permit
a vow. They suggested things which he might have
overlooked when he vowed; each time, he said that he
vowed having that thing in mind.