POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Nedarim 33
1) ONE WHO VOWED NOT TO EAT FROM HIS FRIEND
(a) Question: Why can't he lend these things - he only vowed
not to eat from him!
2) WHICH BENEFITS ARE PERMITTED?
(b) Answer #1 (Reish Lakish): The case is, he said 'your food
is forbidden to me'.
(c) Objection: If so, we should say that Levi cannot use (to
cure a wound on his foot) wheat that Shimon chewed!
(d) Answer #2 (Rava): The case is, he said 'Benefit from you
that leads to food is forbidden to me'.
(e) (Rav Papa): A bag or donkey to bring fruit, even a basket
is considered benefit that leads to food.
(f) Question (Rav Papa): May he lend him a horse to ride on,
a ring to wear, may Shimon let Levi walk through Shimon's
property (these will help Levi get to food, or to get a
(g) Answer (Mishnah): He may lend him a cloak, nose-rings and
1. Question: What is the case?
(h) Rejection: No - really, Levi will not get a better
i. Suggestion: If Levi will not get a better
portion because he is wearing them - obviously,
Shimon may lend him!
2. Answer: Rather, Levi will get a better portion, and
still, Shimon may lend him!
1. The beginning of the Mishnah taught vessels he may
not lend him, so the end of the Mishnah teaches
vessels he may lend him, even though it is obvious.
(i) (Mishnah): Any vessel not used for food - in a place
where such vessels are rented, he may not lend him.
(j) (Gemara): We infer, the vessels listed at the beginning
of the Mishnah may not be lent even where they are not
rented (but are lent for free) - which Tana holds this
(k) Answer (Rav Ada Bar Ahavah): R. Eliezer.
(a) Reuven is forbidden by a vow to benefit from Shimon.
Shimon may give the half-Shekel (which every person is
obligated to give to Hekdesh each year for sacrifices) on
behalf of Reuven, he may pay Reuven's debt, and he may
return Reuven's lost object;
1. In a place where people pay for returning a lost
object, the money goes to Hekdesh.
(b) (Gemara): We infer, these benefits must be considered as
mere prevention of damage, and are therefore permitted.
(c) Question: Which Tana holds as this?
(d) Answer #1 (Rav Hoshaya): Chanan.
3) RETURNING A LOST OBJECT
(e) Answer #2 (Rava): The Mishnah can also be as Chachamim.
1. The Mishnah permits paying a debt which was given on
condition that the lender may not press the borrower
(f) Question: What did Chanan teach (that led Rav Hoshaya to
say the Mishnah is as Chanan)?
(g) Answer (Mishnah): Levi went overseas; Shimon fed Levi's
wife. Chanan says, Shimon is not reimbursed; the sons of
Kohanim Gedolim say, Shimon swears how much he gave her,
and is reimbursed.
1. Rava did not answer as Rav Hoshaya - he prefers to
establish the Mishnah according to everyone.
2. Rav Hoshaya did not answer as Rava - we would decree
not to allow paying such a debt on account of a
(a) (Mishnah): Shimon may return Levi's lost object ...
(b) Version #1 (R. Ami or R. Asi): This only applies when
Levi is not allowed to benefit from Shimon; Shimon is not
giving him anything, he merely returns Levi's property to
1. If Shimon was forbidden to benefit from Levi, he
would be forbidden to return Levi's lost object - he
would save money, as Rav Yosef taught (that one
engaged in returning a lost object, since he is
engaged in a Mitzvah, is exempt from giving
(c) (R. Ami or R. Asi - the one who did not say (b)): Even in
this case, he may return a lost object - it is rare that
one saves money through Rav Yosef's law.