POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi N. Slifkin
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Nedarim 64
1) GROUNDS FOR ANNULMENT
(a) (Mishnah - R. Eliezer): We can prompt regret by
suggesting that the vow is dishonors his parents;
Chachamim forbid this;
1. R. Tzadok: Rather than suggest the dishonor to his
parents - we should suggest the dishonor to Hash-m!
(b) Chachamim admit to R. Eliezer when the vow forbids his
2. Chachamim: If so, there are no vows!
(c) R. Eliezer says, we can annul vows using Nolad
(subsequent unexpected developments); Chachamim forbid
1. Reuven vowed not to get benefit from Ploni, and
Ploni became the scribe of the town;
(d) (Gemara) Question: What does it mean, 'there are no
2. Or: Ploni was about to marry off his son (and
Reuven wants to attend);
i. Reuven says, had I known that he would become
the scribe, or marry off his son in the near
future, I would not have vowed;
3. 'It is forbidden for me to enter this house', and it
became a synagogue;
i. Had he known that it would become a synagogue,
he would not have vowed;
4. R. Eliezer considers these grounds for annulment;
Chachamim do not.
(e) Answer #1 (Abaye): If so, vows are not annulled properly;
(f) Answer #2 (Rava): If so, people will permit their own
vows without going to a Chacham.
(g) (Mishnah): Chachamim admit to R. Eliezer when the vow
forbids his parents.
1. We understand, according to Abaye - he initially
wanted to anger his parents, and now he regrets
(h) (Mishnah): R. Eliezer says, we can annul vows using Nolad
2. Question: According to Rava, here also, we should be
concerned that people will permit their own vows
without going to a Chacham!
3. Answer: Since people know that other vows can only
be annulled by a Chacham, they will also go to a
Chacham for this type of vow.
(i) Question: What is R. Eliezer's reason?
(j) Answer (Rav Chisda): "For all the men have died ..." (and
therefore Moshe can annul his vow) - and death is Nolad!
1. Chachamim argue, for they sat that they did not
(k) (R. Yehoshua Ben Levi): Anyone without children is
considered to be dead - "Give me children; if not, I am
2. (R. Yochanan): Wherever the Torah speaks of men
quarreling and standing, it refers to Dasan and
3. (Reish Lakish): (Hash-m said that they died because)
they became poor.
(l) (Beraisa): 4 people are considered as dead: a poor
person; a leper; a blind person; and a childless person.
1. A poor person - "For all the men have died".
(m) A childless person - "Give me children; if not, I am
2. A leper - "Let not (Miryam) be as dead;
3. A blind person - "In darkness he sat me, as the