REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Nedarim 33
(a) What makes Resh Lakish change the text in our Mishnah from 'Mudar
Ma'achal' to 'Mudar Hana'as Ma'achalcha'?
(b) What does Rava ask on Resh Lakish's text? What does he take 'Hana'as
Ma'achalcha' to mean?
(c) Rava therefore amends the text to 'Hana'ah ha'Mevi'ah li'Yedei
Does this also incorporate wheat-kernels to chew and
place on his wound?
(a) According to the new text, may the Mudar borrow a sack from the Madir in
order to transport fruit?
(b) Rav Papa (the author of the previous Chidush), then asks whether he is
permitted to walk through the Madir's land to get to his fruit. What is the
She'eilah? Why should this be any different than borrowing a sack to
(a) Rav Papa also asks about borrowing a horse from him and a ring to create
the impression of being an important man.
What food benefit does he get
out of that?
(b) How do we try to resolve this She'eilah from our Mishnah, which permits
borrowing clothes and rings?
(c) On what grounds do we refute that proof?
(a) What do Rav Papa's She'eilos have in common?
(b) How do we rule with regard to them?
(a) In a place where one tends to rent out vessels, the Mudar is not even
permitted to borrow vessels that are *not* used for food.
Why is that?
(b) In that case, the Reisha which forbids borrowing vessels that are used
for food, speaks even when it is not customary to do so.
Why is it then
forbidden, seeing as vessels are easily obtainable from any of one's
neighbors free of charge?
(a) The Tana of our Mishnah permits the Madir to pay the Mudar's annual
half-Shekel as well as his debts.
Why is that?
(b) Why does he also permit him to return his lost articles?
(c) He adds that where it is customary to take payment for returning them,
the money must go to Hekdesh.
Which money are we talking about?
(d) Since when is one permitted to accept payment for performing a Mitzvah?
(a) We just learned that the Madir is permitted to pay the Mudar's
half-Shekel because he is only 'Mavri'ach Ari'.
Answers to questions
How come that he is not
benefiting him with a portion in the daily Korbenos Tzibur (towards which
the half-Shekel contributes)?
(b) Rav Hoshaya establishes our Mishnah (which does not consider 'Mavri'ach
Ari', Hana'ah) like Chanan.
What does Chanan say with regard to someone
who sustains his friend's wife whilst he is away?
(c) According to Rava, the author of our Mishnah could even be the
Seeing as they consider Mavri'ach Ari, Hana'ah, how will our
Mishnah then speak in the case of ...
(d) What will then be the Chidush of our Mishnah? Is it not obvious that if
the Mudar is Patur from paying, the Madir may pay on his behalf?
- ... 'Porei'a Lo Chovo'?
- ... 'Shokel Lo Shiklo'?
(a) In the previous Machlokes, Rava disagrees with Rav Hoshaya, because he
prefers to establish our Mishnah unanimously than to confine it to the
opinion of Chanan.
But why did Rav Hoshaya decline to learn like Rava?
What objection does Rav Hoshaya raise against Rava (who maintains that the
Rabbanan concede to Chanan that as long as the Mudar is absolved from having
to repay his loan, the Madir may pay the Mudar's loans)?
(b) How does the Sugya in K'suvos explain why Rav Hoshaya disagrees with
(a) We just cited Chanan, who rules that if a man sustains his friend's wife
in his friend's absence, he cannot reclaim his money upon his friend's
How does the Rashba qualify Chanan's ruling?
(b) We might have agreed with him if the man had explicitly stated that he
is lending the woman the money, but not when he does so S'tam. Why is
(c) We rule like Chanan, as we learned in K'suvos.
Will the Madir be
permitted to pay the Mudar's debt even if the creditor is pushing for the
money, or do we restrict his Din to where the debtor (such as the husband in
K'suvos) can counter the claimant by saying that he could have appeased the
creditor (his wife) and got her to forego the claim (the Mezonos)?
(d) According to Chanan, the man who pays his friend's debt will lose his
money even if the creditor has a security (a Mashkon).
Do the Rabbanan
argue with him there too, or do they concede to him that he loses his money,
because the debtor can counter that he would have persuaded the creditor to
return the Mashkon)?
(a) According to Rav Yosef, someone who returns a lost article is a Shomer
Sachar, because he gains 'Perutah de'Rav Yosef.
Answers to questions
What is 'Perutah de'Rav
(b) Rav Ami and Rav Asi (or Rebbi Ami and Rebbi Asi) argue as to whether the
Mudar is permitted to return the lost article of the Madir because he gains
'P'rutah de'Rav Yosef'.
On what grounds does one of them permit it? Does
he not hold like Rav Yosef?