THOUGHTS ON THE DAILY DAF
brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Har Nof
Rosh Kollel: Rav Mordecai Kornfeld
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- THE BEDIKAH CLOTH THAT WAS SMEARED ON A WOMAN'S THIGH
- THE UNCHECKED BEDIKAH CLOTH
- HALACHAH: AN UNCHECKED BEDIKAH CLOTH
Rebbi and Rebbi Chiya argue in a case where a woman checked herself with an
unchecked cloth (see above, #2) and found blood on it the next morning.
Rebbi is Metamei and Rebbi Chiya disagrees and rules that she is only Tamei
The Gemara equates this with a case where a woman urinated and blood was
found in the urine. Rebbi Meir rules that if she urinated standing up she
is Tahor (since it is most likely in such a case that the blood was from
the bladder) but if she urinated sitting down she is Tamei. Rebbi Yosi
rules that she is Tahor in both cases since it is possible that the blood
was from a Tahor source. Since we rule like Rebbi Yosi the Halachah should
be that a woman is Tahor if she checks herself with an unchecked cloth.
- The RASHBA, based on the Gemara's comparison, in fact rules that she is
Tahor if she checked herself with such a cloth and found blood on it the
next morning, since we rule like Rebbi Yosi in the case where blood was
found in urine. Thus the Halachah is neither like Rebbi who rules that it
is certainly Tamei nor like Rebbi Chiya who rules that it is Tamei
- RABBEINU CHANANEL as quoted by TOSFOS (DH v'Rebbi), explains that Rebbi
Yosi did not rule that the woman is Tahor if blood was found in her urine.
She is Tamei mi'Safek. If so the rulings of Rebbi Yosi and Rebbi Chiya are
parallel. The woman is Tamei in both case mi'Safek.
- The RAMBAM (Hilchos Isurei Bi'ha 5:17) rules like Rebbi Yosi, that a
woman is Tahor if we find blood in her urine. Yet the Rambam (Hilchos
Isurei Bi'ha 4:19) also records that the Halachah is like Rebbi, that a
woman is Tamei Nidah for certain if she checks herself with an unchecked
The Magid Mishneh (ibid. 4:19) explains that although Rav Zeira equates
these two Halachos, the Rambam understood that according to the Gemara's
conclusion the two need not be equated.
HALACHAH: The Poskim conclude that it is correct to be Machmir if blood was
found on an unchecked Bedikah cloth, since even the Rashba, who rules
leniently, concludes that it is praiseworthy to be Machmir in such a case
(in the TORAS HA'BAYIS HAKATZER, quoted by the Magid Mishneh).
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