POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafPesachim 94
Pesachim 81 - 95: We are grateful to Mr. Mark Frankel of Queens, N.Y. for
suggesting the idea of "Point by Point Summaries" and sponsoring its initial
two weeks -- Tizkeh l'Mitzvos!
1) THE ROLES OF DISTANCE AND DIFFICULTY
(a) If he was past Modi'in, and he could arrive by means of special
rushing, he is considered a distance away, and is Patur.
2) COSMIC CALCULATIONS
(b) If he was caught in traffic, but closer than Modi'in, he is
considered within range and he would be Chayav.
(a) [Rava] The world is 6000 Parsah and the sky is 1000 Parsah thick.
(b) The former is a tradition [Rabah b.b. Chana in the name of R.
Yochanan]; the latter is deduced.
(c) R. Yochanan calculated how far an average person can walk in a
day (10 Parsah=40 Milin) and Rava applied it as follows:
1. From Alos to Netz (as well as from Shkiya to Tzetz) a person
walks five Milin.
(d) Question: But the Bereisa [R. Yehudah] teaches that the thickness
of the sky is 1/10 of the day, not 1/6!?
2. The sun travels 6000 Parsah while the person walks 30 Milin.
3. Thus the sun travels 1000 Parsah (the thickness of the sky)
while the person walks five Milin (from Shkiya to Tzetz).
(e) Answer: This refutes Rava, and it *also* refutes Ula!
(f) Question: Does this not also refute R. Yochanan?
(g) Answer: R. Yochanan only calculated the total distance an average
person walks in a day, Rabah make the [erroneous] subdivisions.
(h) Question: This should refute R. Chanina (93b) as well?!
(i) Answer: There the angels were rushing Lot (more than average).
(j) Question #1: The world must be larger than 6000 Parsah!
1. The Bereisa teaches that Mitzrayim is 400x400 Parsah
(k) Question #2: We were taught that all the inhabitable land is
under one star (as evidenced by the unchanging angle to the star
from any point of habitation), indicating a much larger world!
2. Which is 1/60th of Kush,
3. Which is 1/60th of the world (*>6000 Parsah!*),
4. Which is 1/60th of the Gan, which is 1/60th of Eden,
5. Which is 1/60th of Gehinom (the world is but a small "cover"of Gehinom).
(l) Question #3: The earth is between two constellations, and the
world represents but one hour of the day (the sun passing over
the width of the Earth).
(m) Question #4: The Bas Kol told the wicked man how outrageous is
his boast that he will rise up to the Heavens (given the brief
span of a person's life), indicating the great expanse of the
cosmos, far larger than Rava indicated.
3) THE MOVEMENT OF THE COSMOS
(a) The Chachamim maintain that the Galgal is stationary while the
Mazalos revolve, as opposed to the non-Jewish scholars who
maintain the reverse.
4) THE MOVEMENT OF THE SUN
(b) [Rebbi] The Gentiles may be refuted from the fact that certain
constellations remain constant in their position in the sky.
(c) Question: Perhaps this is due to the cosmos being like a pivot of
a millstone or a door socket?
(a) The Chachamim maintain that the sun travels beneath the sky by
day and above the sky by night, while the non-Jewish scholars
maintain that it travels below the earth at night.
5) ONE WHO WAS BY THE THRESHOLD
(b) [Rebbi] The non-Jews seem correct as indicated by the wells.
(c) In the summer the sun travels in the heights of the heaven (air
is hot and the wells are cold) and at a lower sky in the winter
(thus the air is cold and the wells are hot).
(d) The sun provides four climates for specific purposes:
1. Nisan-Sivan it travels over the mountains to melt the snows.
2. Tamuz-Elul over the habitation to ripen the fruits.
3. Tishrei-Kislev over the seas to dry up the rivers.
4. Teves-Adar over deserts to avoid drying the seeds.
(a) We do not tell (the one who is so close to the Azarah) to enter.
6) R. YOSI HAGLILI
(b) Question: But R. Eliezer taught that we *do* tell an Arel to get
(c) Answer #1: [Abaye] The exemptions are different.
(d) Answer #2: [Rava] It (telling him to go in) is a Machlokes
Tana'im (within the opinion of R. Eliezer).
1. [Tana Kama] Richuk Makom refers to the boundaries of eating.
(e) Question: Like which opinion does R. Yitzhok subscribe? (He
taught that we calculate the majority/minority being Tamei/Tahor
based on those in the Azarah.)
2. [R. Yosi] It refers to outside the place of its sacrifice.
(f) Answer: Like R. Yosi.
(a) R. Yosi holds that Derech Rechokah would normally refer to a
distance of two or three days.
(b) The words "Uv'Derech Lo Hayah" teach that the boundary is the
threshold of the Azarah.