POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafPesachim 98
1) MISHNAH: DESIGNATIONS THAT WENT WRONG
(a) If one designated a female for a Pesach or a male over a year it
must pasture until it becomes blemished.
2) REJECTED ANIMALS
(b) Such an animal is sold and its proceeds buy Shelamim.
(c) One who designates his Pesach and dies, his son should bring the
animal as a Shelamim, not as a Pesach.
(a) [R. Huna b. R. Yehoshua] We learn three things from the Mishnah.
3) ONE WHO LEAVES A PESACH UPON HIS DEATH
1. Live animals can be rejected.
2. An animal which was never suitable can be rejected.
3. That which is only monetarily designated can be rejected.
(a) [Bereisa] If his son was part of his group, the son can bring the
Korban as a Pesach, otherwise it is brought as a Shelamim.
4) MISHNAH: A PESACH BECOMING MIXED WITH OTHER ANIMALS
1. It is brought on the 16th, it may not be brought on the 15th.
(b) Question: When did the father die?
2. He holds that optional Korbanos may not be brought on Yomtov.
1. If it was before Chatzos, then the son was already an Onen!
(c) Answer: It was before Chatzos and it is brought as a Pesach Sheni.
2. If it was after Chatzos then it has been rejected!
(d) Answer [Abaye]: The Bereisa is read disjunctively.
1. The Reisha speaks where the father died after Chatzos and the
son is appointed to the Korban (it is brought as a Pesach).
(e) Answer [R. Sharvia]: He died after Chatzos but he was a Goses
before Chatzos (so Chatzos did not determine it as a Korban).
2. The Seifa speaks where the father died before Chatzos, and it
may be brought as a Shelamim.
(f) Answer [R. Ashi]: He died after Chatzos and the Tana holds like R.
Shimon that living animals are not rejected.
(g) Answer [Ravina]: He died after Chatzos, and the designation was
only after Chatzos (so Chatzos could not have determined it) and
the Tana holds that Chatzos is the determinant.
(a) If a Pesach animal became mixed up with another Korban, they must
all pasture until they become blemished and then they are sold.
(b) The value of the most expensive of the animals must be spent on
each of the replacements (adding money as needed).
(c) [R. Shimon] If the Pesach was mixed with a Bechor animal, a group
of Kohanim may eat them that night.
5) KODESHIM L'VAIS HA'PESUL
(a) Question: But in (c) above, he is causing Kodeshim to be
invalidated (by shortening the time allowed for eating it)?
6) MISHNAH: AGENCY IN DESIGNATING A PESACH
(b) Answer: R. Shimon holds that one may bring Kodeshim l'Vais
1. The Mishna teaches by an Asham being mixed with a Shelamim
that R. Shimon combines their Avodah thus shortening the time
for eating the Shelamim.
(c) Question: According to the Rabanan, what will we do in the
2. Rabanan hold that one cannot bring Kodeshim l'Vais HaPesul.
(d) Answer [Rava]: We wait until the Bechor and Pesach develop Mumin.
1. Then we take a fat animal and apply the Kedushas Pesach to
2. The two original animals are then eaten as Bechor Ba'alei
(a) A group lost its Pesach and instructed one member to look for it
and slaughter it on behalf of the group (which he did).
(b) The group, meanwhile, took another animal and slaughtered it.
1. If his was slaughtered first, all eat from his animal.
(c) If he made them his agent in the event of his delay, and he found
the animal and slaughtered it while they took another and
2. If theirs was slaughtered first, they eat theirs, and he his.
3. If it is unknown whose was slaughtered first, or they were
slaughtered at the same time, he eats his, while they may not
eat his, theirs is burnt and they do not bring Pesach Sheni.
1. If theirs was slaughtered first, they eat theirs and he
(d) If he appointed them his agents and they appointed him theirs:
2. If his was slaughtered first, they eat theirs and he eats
3. If it is unknown whose was first or it was a tie, they eat
theirs, he may not eat theirs, his is burnt and he is exempt
from Pesach Sheni.
1. They all eat from the first one to be slaughtered.
(e) If neither appointed the other, they have no liability to one
another (each eats his own).
2. In the event of a tie, they both must be burnt.
(f) If the animals of two groups become mixed, each group takes one of
the animals and one member of each group leaves his group and
joins the other, and each group makes the following stipulation:
1. If we chose our original animal, then you (the new member)
join us, but;
(g) The same procedure is followed for any number of mixed-up animals.
2. If we chose the other animal, then we leave our animal and
join you in this, your original animal.
(h) If the Pesach of two individuals becomes mixed, each takes one of
the animals and adds someone else to his Korban, then one member
of each group goes over to the other group, and they follow the