POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafPesachim 113
1) RAV TAUGHT R. ASI
(a) Do not dwell in a city in which are not heard the neigh of horses
and the bark of dogs (the "alarms" of the city).
2) RAV TAUGHT R. KEHANA
(b) Nor in a city whose mayor is a doctor.
(c) Do not marry two wives, and if you do, marry a third.
(a) Turn carcasses before turning your words.
3) RAV TAUGHT HIS SON CHIYA
(b) Flay carcasses for your livelihood before using your Kehunah or
your Torah for a livelihood.
(c) Wherever you go, take your meal with you.
(d) Even when gourds are plentiful in the marketplace and very
inexpensive, keep a few with you.
(a) Do not take drugs, as the addiction to them will take its toll.
4) RAV TAUGHT HIS SON AYVO
(b) Do not take large steps.
(c) Do not pull out teeth.
(d) Do not take revenge against a snake or a gentile.
1. The Bereisa teaches not to offend a young gentile, a young
snake or a young student.
2. When these grow and reign, they will avenge the slight.
(a) Rav saw that Ayvo, after struggling to study Torah, was not
successful, and as such Rav taught him matters of business.
5) RAV PAPA TEACHES ABOUT CASH
(b) Do not tarry, rather sell your wares right away.
(c) Do not retract a sale of wine.
(d) Give over the goods only after receiving payment.
(e) Better a small plot of land near your home than more at a distance.
(f) As soon as you have dates, run to the brewery [Sudna] (until 3
Se'ah - Rava).
(g) Rav Papa attributed his wealth to his making beer.
(h) Question: Why is a brewery called Sudna?
(i) Answer: A good secret [Sod Na'eh] and the source of kindnesses.
(a) Every contract requires trust (as it is as yet uncollected).
6) R. YOCHANAN CITED THE MEN OF YERUSHALAYIM
(b) Every credit is in doubt, for even if paid, it could be bad money
(i.e. paid in a trickle).
(a) Go out at the rear of the army so that you may return first.
7) R. YEHOSHUA b. LEVY CITED THE MEN OF YERUSHALAYIM
(b) Make your Shabbos like a weekday rather than depend of charity.
(c) Work together with he whose Mazel is shining on him.
(a) Do not frequent the [personal] use of roofs (alt. gardens).
8) THOSE WHO INHERIT OLAM HABA
(b) Marry off your daughter to anyone rather than leave her single.
(c) Be cautious of the relationship between your wife and your first
son-in-law (for either immodesty or thrift).
(a) One who resides in Eretz Yisrael.
9) THOSE WHO ARE PROCLAIMED IN HEAVEN EVERY DAY
(b) One who raises his sons to Torah.
(c) One who recites Havdalah over wine.
1. Question: What is the significance of this?
2. Answer: He leaves over his wine to allow for Havdalah.
(a) A bachelor who resides in a city and does not sin.
(b) A poor person who returns a lost article.
(c) A wealthy person who tithes in concealment.
(d) R. Safra was such a bachelor, and was proud when hearing the above.
10) HASHEM LOVES THOSE WHO...
(e) Rava stilled his pride by indicating that the statement referred to
the holy Rabbis in Eretz Yisrael who withstood far greater tests
(a) do not become angry.
11) HASHEM DESPISES THOSE WHO...
(b) do not become drunk.
(c) do not stand on their rights.
(a) say one thing and feel another.
12) LAWS OF LASHON HARA
(b) refrain from offering their testimony.
(c) testify alone (which is tantamount to slander) against a wrongdoer.
1. In such an instance, R. Papa excommunicated the witness.
2. It is permitted for him, however, to despise the wrongdoer.
(a) The Bereisa teaches that it is permitted to despise a Jew.
13) THEIR LIVES ARE NOT LIVES
(b) Question: But such hatred is prohibited?!
(c) Answer: There is testimony that this Jew committed a crime.
(d) Question: If so, then *everyone* is permitted to hate him, not only
the one person spoken of in the Pasuk?!
(e) Answer: The Pasuk speaks of this individual alone who witnessed the
crime and who may not testify but may hate the wrongdoer.
(f) [R. Nachman] Not only is such hatred permitted, it is a Mitzvah.
(g) Question: May a student tell this information to his Rebbi so that
the latter will despise the wrongdoer as well?
(h) Answer: If the student knows that his credibility with his Rebbi is
like that of two witnesses, he may tell him and if not, he may not.
(a) Those with [excessive] compassion.
14) THREE WHO HATE ONE ANOTHER
(b) Those who are hot tempered.
(c) Those who are overly fussy.
(d) R. Yosef reported that they are all found in himself.
15) THREE WHO LOVE ONE ANOTHER
(c) The Chavrin.
(d) Others add Zonos or Talmidei Chachamim in Bavel.
16) FOUR TYPES OF PEOPLE ARE UNBEARABLE
(a) An arrogant poor man.
17) FIVE INSTRUCTIONS WERE GIVEN BY CANA'AN TO HIS SONS
(b) A wealthy man who denies.
(c) A lecherous old man.
(d) One who imposes his leadership over a community for naught.
(e) Others add one who repeatedly divorces his wife, while others find
possible justification for this.
(a) Love one another.
18) SIX QUALITIES OF A HORSE
(b) Love theft.
(c) Love lewdness.
(d) Hate your master.
(e) Do not speak the truth.
(a) It loves promiscuity.
19) SEVEN ARE EXCOMMUNICATED BY HEAVEN
(b) It loves battle.
(c) It is overly proud.
(d) It despises sleep.
(e) It eats a great deal; and,
(f) It extracts little.
(g) Others add, it seeks to kill its owner in battle.
(a) A Jew who chooses to have no wife.
20) THE ASTROLOGERS AND OTHER QUESTIONS
(b) One who chooses to have no children.
(c) One who has sons but does not raise them to Torah.
(d) One who does not have Tefilin on his arm and head.
(e) Nor Tzitzis on his garment.
(f) Nor a Mezuzah on his doorpost.
(g) Nor shoes on his feet.
(h) Others add he who does not join a group doing a Mitzvah.
(a) Question [cited by a many in a chain back to R. Yosi Ish Hotzel]:
How do we know that it is forbidden to consult astrologers?
(b) Answer: The Pasuk teaches us to go "Tamim" with HaShem.
(c) Question: How do we know to give respect to one who possesses even
a small bit of greatness over others?
(d) Answer: From the Pasuk dealing with Daniel.
(e) Also: A woman is forbidden on the night after her days of Taharah
(day 40 or day 80 for son or daughter, respectively), for one Onah.
(f) Question: Who was this R. Yosi Ish Hotzel?
(g) Answer: A man of approximately a dozen names and titles.