REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafPesachim 14
PESACHIM 14 - has been sponsored through a generous gift from Eli
Rosengarten of Zurich, Switzerland, and family
(a) Rebbi Chanina S'gan ha'Kohanim testified that the Kohanim in the Beis
Hamikdash would burn Kodshim meat that became Tamei through an Av
ha'Tum'ah, together with meat that became Tamei through a V'lad ha'Tum'ah,
despite the fact that, by so doing, they were increasing its level of
What exactly, did they do, and why was this permitted?
(b) What are the two differences between a Tamei Mes and a Tamei Sheretz,
with regard to transmitting Tum'ah to others?
(c) According to Rebbi Akiva's testimony, in what did the Kohanim used to
burn oil that became Tamei through a Tevul-Yom?
(d) What is a Tevul-Yom, what degree of Tum'ah is he, and what increase in
Tum'ah would have occured, according to Rebbi Akiva?
(a) What did Rebbi Meir derive (seemingly from either Rebbi Chanina S'gan
ha'Kohanim or from Rebbi Akiva - though we do not yet know from which
one), with regard to burning Terumah Tehorah on Pesach?
(b) Rebbi Yossi disagrees. According to him, both Rebbi Eliezer and Rebbi
Yehoshua agree that burning Terumah Tehorah and Terumah Temei'ah together
What then, is their Machlokes?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Shemini "ve'Chi Yiten Mayim Al
Zera, ve'Nafal mi'Nivlasam Alav, Tamei *Hu*" (with regard to food
(b) According to Abaye, this Pasuk refers to Chulin only, but not to
Terumah or Kodshim (where food *can* render other food Tamei).
(c) What is the problem with our Mishnah - according to Ravina quoting
- ... Rav Ada bar Ahavah quoting Rava, say?
- ... Ravina quoting Rava, say, and what is his reason?
(a) To answer the previous question, the Gemara tries to establish our
Mishnah when the flesh was wet, and it was through the liquid that it
What is wrong with that contention?
(b) How then, *does* the Gemara resolve the problem?
(a) According to Rebbi Akiva, burning oil which became Tamei through a
Tevul-Yom (making it a Shelishi) in a lamp that became Tamei through a
Tamei Mes (making it a Rishon), would turn a Shelishi into a Sheni.
Answers to questions
is this not precisely what Rebbi Chanina S'gan ha'Kohanim permitted? So
what does the Tana mean when he says 'Hosif Rebbi Akiva'?
(b) From where do we know that any metal that touches a dead person, or a
Tamei Mes, attains the same degree of Tum'ah as that what it touched?
(a) Terumah oil that touched a Tevul Yom becomes Pasul, and not Tamei.
What is the difference between Pasul and Tamei?
(b) How might we have been able to use this fact to answer the above
(c) What prompted Rav Yehudah to answer the Kashya by establishing the
Mishnah by a metal lamp rather then by an earthenware lamp, and answering
it as in 5a?
(a) Rava learns that, according to Rebbi Akiva, Tum'as Mashkin (to
transmit Tum'ah) must be d'Oraysa. True, the oil that touched a Tevul Yom,
is Pasul anyway.
But how do we know that the Tum'ah that is being added
to the oil in the lamp, is not just mi'de'Rabbanan?
(b) What caused the Rabbanan to be strict with regard to liquids, to say
that anything which renders Terumah, Pasul, makes liquids a Rishon, even
when it itself, is only a Rishon, a Sheni or even a Shelishi?
(c) What is the sole exception to this rule?
(a) Rebbi Meir says 'and from their words we can learn that one may burn
Terumah Tehorah together with Terumah Temei'ah on Pesach'.
Answers to questions
Why can he
not be referring to Rebbi Chanina S'gan ha'Kohanim in our Mishnah?
(b) And why can he not be referring to Rebbi Akiva?
(c) The Gemara then suggests that perhaps Rebbi Meir is referring to Rebbi
Chanina S'gan ha'Kohanim (in our Mishnah), and that he is speaking about
burning flesh which became Tamei through an Av ha'Tum'ah d'Oraysa together
with flesh that became Tamei through a a V'lad (V'lad) de'Rabbanan.
What does this mean?