REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafPesachim 32
(a) A Zar (a non-Kohen) is Chayav Keren ve'Chomesh for eating Terumah
be'Shogeg, from the Pasuk "ve'Ish Ki Yochal Kodesh bi'Shegagah".
be Chayav if he ...
(b) Will he be Chayav if he eats Terumah Temei'ah?
- ... drinks it?
- ... anoints himself with it?
(c) He is even Chayav 'Chumsha de'Chumsha'.
What does this mean, and what
is the Chidush?
(a) Assuming that one holds 'Le'fi Midah Meshalem', does it follow that he
may pay the same volume of fruit as he ate, even though it has now gone down
(b) How then, might the Sha'aleh affect the amount that he pays?
(a) The Beraisa says that if a Zar ate dried figs of Terumah be'Shogeg, and
paid with dates, he deserves to be blessed.
How does the Gemara try to
prove from here that 'Le'fi Midah Meshalem'?
(b) How does the Gemara refute that, and explain the Beraisa even if 'Le'fi
(a) Earlier, we established that the Tana of our Mishnah holds in the Reisha
('ha'Ochel Terumas Chametz ba'Pesach, be'Shogeg, Meshalem Keren ve'Chomesh')
'Le'fi Midah Meshalem, and in the Seifa ('be'Meizid, Patur' ...), 'Le'fi
Damim Meshalem'. The Tana could also hold 'Le'fi Damim Meshalem' - even in
the Reisha, by establishing him like Rebbi Yossi Hagelili.
What does this
mean? What does Rebbi Yossi Hagelili say?
(b) And how would we then have to establish the Seifa, seeing as Chametz is
Mutar be'Hana'ah? Why would he then be Patur from paying?
(c) How will we now interpret 'be'Shogeg' in the Reisha, by Terumah, by
Chametz or by both?
(a) Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri obligates a Zar who eats Terumas Chametz on
Pesach be'Shogeg to pay, like we learnt in our Mishnah. Rebbi Akiva exempts
him from paying.
Why is that? Why should he be less Chayav to pay than he
is during the rest of the year, when Terumah Temei'ah is also forbidden?
(b) Why does Rebbi Akiva compare it to someone who eats Terumah Temei'ah of
berries or grapes?
(c) Does the Terumas Chametz mentioned in a. also pertain to fruit that he
separated on Pesach after it was already Chametz?
(a) What did Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri counter when Rebbi Akiva asked him why
a Zar who eats Terumas Chametz on Pesach should be Chayav, because 'what
benefit could the Kohen have possibly derived from it'?
Answers to questions
(b) How does Abaye derive from here that Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri agrees with
Rebbi Akiva that Chametz is Asur be'Hana'ah, only he holds 'Le'fi Midah
Meshalem', and not like Rebbi Elazar Chisma, who gave a different answer
when Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov asked him the same question?
(c) What was Rebbi Elazar Chisma's answer?
(d) Like which Tana does he hold?
(a) The Tana Kama of the Beraisa obligates a Zar to pay the principle plus a
fifth for eating a *k'Zayis* of Terumah be'Shogeg.
What does Aba Shaul
(b) Aba Shaul derives his opinion from the Pasuk in Emor "*ve'Nasan*
la'Kohen es ha'Kodesh".
What does the Tana Kama learn from "ve'Nasan"?
(c) The Tana Kama, on the other hand, learns from the word "Yochal".
does Aba Shaul learn from there?
(a) The Beraisa exempts a Zar who eats less than a k'Zayis of Terumah from
paying the extra fifth.
Does this speak even if it was worth a Perutah, or
(b) The Rabanan of Rav Papa maintained that this Beraisa could not possibly
hold like Aba Shaul (according to whom the criterion for the Chomesh is a
How did Rav Papa attempt to justify the Beraisa even
according to Aba Shaul?
(c) What forced Rav Papa to retract from this point of view?
(d) Even the Rabbanan of Aba Shaul concede that the Shiur for *Me'ilah* is
the value of a Perutah, and not a k'Zayis.
Why is that?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Vayikra "ve'Chat'ah bi'Shegagah" (by
Answers to questions
(b) The Beraisa suggests that we could have learned this from a 'Kal
Which 'Kal va'Chomer'?
(c) The Gemara answers this by referring to the Chumra by Me'ilah of Mi'sah
Bi'yedei Shamayim. But only a moment ago we presumed Kares to be more
stringent than Misah?
How do we establish the Kashya (thereby justifying
the need for the Pasuk)? Which case of Mi'sah is the Beraisa referring to?