POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Sanhedrin 94
1) ONE'S "MAZEL" CAN SEE DANGER
(a) Question: "...Aval Charadah Gedolah Noflah Aleihem" - if
they did not see, why were they afraid?
2) CHIZKIYAH ALMOST BECAME MASHI'ACH
(b) Answer: They did not see, but each one's Mazel (the angel
appointed over him) saw.
(c) (Ravina): This teaches that if someone is afraid and does
not know why, it is because his Mazel saw something.
(d) Question: What should he do?
(e) Answer #1: He should jump four Amos from where he is.
(f) Answer #2: He should recite "Shma Yisrael..."
(g) Answer #3: If there is a foul odor in the area (he may
not recite Shma), he should say this charm - 'The goat at
the butchery is fatter than I am'.
(a) Question (R. Tanchum): "L'Marbeh ha'Misrah ul'Shalom Ein
Ketz" - why is the 'Mem' in "L'Marbeh" written closed
(i.e. like a final Mem)?
(b) Answer: Hash-m wanted to make Chizkiyah Mashi'ach, and
Sancheriv (would have fulfilled the prophecy of) Gog and
Magog; Midas ha'Din protested:
1. David sang so many praises to You, You did not make
him Mashi'ach - You did great miracles for Chizkiyah
(wiping out Sancheriv's great army overnight, curing
Chizkiyah and prolonging the day), he did not sing
Shirah, will You make him Mashi'ach?!
(c) The land: I will sing Shirah in place of him, and You can
make him Mashi'ach - "Mi'Knaf ha'Aretz Zemiros";
2. (The closed Mem represents the closure of Hash-m's
intention, or that Hash-m wanted to cease Yisrael's
affliction, or that because Chizkiyah's mouth was
closed, it did not happen.)
1. "Shamanu Tzvi la'Tzadik" - the angel appointed over
the world asked Hash-m to do the Tzivyon (desire) of
the Tzadik (Chizkiyah).
(d) (R. Yochanan): "Masa *Dumah*..." - this is the angel
appointed over Neshamos;
2. A Bas Kol: 'It is My secret' (why he will not be
3. The Navi (Yeshayah) lamented 'Woe to me - when will
4. A Bas Kol: "Bogedim Bagadu u'Veged Bogedim Bagadu".
i. (Rava): He will not come until several waves of
plunderers despoil Yisrael.
1. "Elai Korei mi'Se'ir Shomer Mah mi'Laylah" - all the
Neshamos ask when the redemption will come, ending
the night (Galus);
(e) (R. Papyus): It was a disgrace for Chizkiyah and his
followers that they did not sing Shirah until the land
did - "Mi'Knaf ha'Aretz..."
2. "Amar Shomer Asa Voker v'Gam Laylah" - Hash-m says,
morning (the redemption) is coming, but after there
is still much Galus first. (Alternatively -
redemption is coming, the second Beis ha'Mikdash
will be built, but another Galus will follow;
alternatively - there is reward for Tzadikim, and
punishment for Resha'im.)
3. "Im Tiv'ayun Be'ayu Shuvu Esav" - if you will pray
for redemption and do Teshuvah, it will come.
(f) Similarly, R. Papyus taught, it was a disgrace for Moshe
and Yisrael that they did not bless Hash-m for saving us
from Mitzrayim until Yisro did - "Baruch Hash-m Asher
(g) (Rav): "Va'Yichad Yisro" - he passed a sharp sword over
his flesh (circumcised himself and converted).
(h) (Shmuel): His flesh was covered with wrinkles, for he was
pained at the downfall of Mitzrayim.
1. (Rav Papa): This is as people say, one should not
disgrace a Nochri in front of a convert or his
descendants until 10 generations.
(i) Question: "Yeshalach ha'Adon Hash-m Tzevakos *b'Mishmanav
Razon*" - what does this mean?
(j) Answer: Hash-m said that Chizkiyah, who has eight names,
should defeat Sancheriv, who has eight names:
1. Regarding Chizkiyah it says "...Va'Yikra Shemo El
Gibor Pele Yo'etz Avi Ad Sar Shalom";
i. Question: He is also called Chizkiyah!
2. Sancheriv's names were Tiglas Pil'eser, Piln'eser,
Shalman'eser, Pul, Sargon, Osnapar, Raba, v'Yakira;
(Rashi; Gra omits Raba and v'Yakira from this list,
and adds (Tiglas) Peleser and (Tiglas) Pilneser).
ii. Answer: That was not his true name, he is
called so because Chizko Kah (Hash-m
strengthened him), or because he Chizek Yisrael
to serve Hash-m.
i. Question: He is also called Sancheriv!
3. (R. Yochanan): This Rasha merited to be called
"Osnapar Raba v'Yakira (the great and dear)" because
he did not speak bad about Eretz Yisrael -
"V'Lakachti Eschem El Eretz k'Artzechem" (he did not
say that it would be better than Eretz Yisrael).
ii. Answer: That was not his true name, he is
called so because Sichaso Riv (his speech was
quarrelsome), or because Sach v'Nicher (he
spoke and reviled Hash-m).
(a) (Rav or Shmuel): He was a wise king - had he said that he
will exile (the 10 tribes) us to a better land, they
would not have believed him.
(b) (The other of Rav and Shmuel): He was a foolish king -
surely, people will not agree to move unless they think
that the new land will be better!
(c) Question: To where did he exile them?
(d) Answer #1 (Mar Zutra): To Africa.
(e) Answer #2 (R. Chanina): To Harei Selug.
(f) Yisrael spoke bad about Eretz Yisrael - when they reached
Shosh, they said 'This is Shaveh (equal to) Eretz
Yisrael'; also when they reached Almin (it is like Almin
(our land)); when they reached Shosh Trei, they said
'This is twice as good as Eretz Yisrael.'
(g) (R. Yochanan): "V'Sachas Kevodo Yekad Yekod ki'Kod Esh" -
(the bodies of Sancheriv's army, which are) under their
Kavod (garments) were burned;
1. R. Yochanan does not explain Kavod literally (their
bodies) - he would call his garments Machbedosai
(what honors me).
(h) (R. Elazar): (Their Neshamos, which are) under their
actual Kavod (bodies) were burned, like the death of
Nadav and Avihu.
1. Just like there, their Neshamos, were burned, their
bodies were intact, also here.
(i) (R. Yehoshua ben Korchah): Paro himself blasphemed - "Mi
Hash-m Asher Eshma b'Kolo" - Hash-m Himself punished him;
"Va'Yna'er Hash-m Es Mitzrayim b'Soch ha'Yam";
(j) Sancheriv blasphemed through a messenger - "B'Yad
Mal'achecha Cherafta Hash-m" (this is a bigger disgrace),
Hash-m punished him through a messenger - "Malach Hash-m
va'Yach b'Machaneh Ashur..."
4) WHY SANCHERIV WAS WIPED OUT
(k) Contradiction (R. Chanina bar Papa): It says "Merom Kitzo
(Sancheriv said that he would destroy Hash-m's lower
dwelling place)", and it says "Malon Kitzo (His dwelling
(l) Answer: Sancheriv first said that he will destroy His
dwelling below, and later His dwelling above.
(m) Question (R. Yehoshua ben Levi): "Hash-m Amar Alai Ale Al
ha'Aretz ha'Zos v'Hishchisah" - when did Hash-m tell him
(n) Answer: He heard "Ki Ma'as ha'Am ha'Zeh Es Mei
ha'Shilu'ach ha'Holechim Le'at u'Mesos Es Retzin u'Ven
Remalyahu...(Hash-m Ma'aleh Aleihem...Melech Ashur)".
(o) (Rav Yosef): I would not have known the meaning of the
verse without the Targum (translation) - because the
nation despised the kingship of Beis David, which led
them gently, and preferred Retzin (the king of Aram) and
Ben Remalyahu (king of the 10 Shevatim)...
(p) (R. Yochanan): "Me'eras Hash-m b'Veis Rasha" - this
refers to Pekach Ben Remalyahu, who would eat 40 Sa'im
(about 500 liters) of birds for dessert;
1. "U'Nve Tzadikim Yevarech" - this refers to
Chizkiyah, whose entire meal was a Litra of
(q) Question: Since it was prophesized that Sancheriv would
conquer them, why was he punished?
(r) Answer: The prophecy was that he would conquer the 10
Shevatim, Sancheriv wanted to also conquer Yerushalayim.
(s) (R. Elazar bar Berechyah): "Ki Lo Mu'af la'Asher Mutzak
Lah" - When Sancheriv came upon Yerushalayim, Yeshayah
told him that the nation (Yehudah) that wearies itself in
Torah will not fall to its oppressor.
1. Question: What does it mean "Ka'Es Rishon
Hekal...veha'Acharonim Hichbid Derech Yam"?
2. Answer: The fate of the first ones (the 10 Shevatim)
who lightened (cast off) the yoke of is not like the
latter ones (Yehudah), who accepted a heavy yoke,
they are worthy of miracles like those who passed
through Yam Suf and walked across the (dried up)
Yarden (when Benei Yisrael entered Eretz Yisrael).
3. If Sancheriv will renounce his intention to attack
Yerushalayim, fine; if not, I will make him the
scorn of the nations.
(a) Question: "Acharei ha'Devarim veha'Emes Ba Sancheriv..."
- is this proper reward for Chizkiyah?!
(b) Answer (Ravina): It means, after Hash-m (whose seal is
Emes) swore to bring Sancheriv;
1. Hash-m reasoned - if I offer Chizkiyah to deliver
Sancheriv into his hands, he will refuse, he wants
neither the threat nor the victory - therefore, I
will not ask him;
(c) (R. Yochanan): "Nishba Hash-m...Lishbor Ashur b'Artzi
v'Al Harei Avusenu" - Hash-m swore that Sancheriv and his
army will come and (die, and their corpses will) be an
Avus (feeding trough) for (the animals of) Chizkiyah and
(d) (R. Yitzchak Nafcha): "...V'Chubal Ol Mipne Shemen" - the
yoke of Sancheriv was broken by the oil Chizkiyah burned
in Batei Medrash to enable Yisraelim to learn at night;
1. He stuck a sword at the entrance of the Beis Medrash
and declared that anyone who will not learn will be
(e) "V'Usaf Shelalchem..." - Yeshayah told Yisrael to take
the booty (of the dead invaders).
2. They checked all of Eretz Yisrael and did not find
an ignoramus; they checked all of Yehudah and did
not find a boy, girl, man or woman that was not an
expert in the laws of Tum'ah and Taharah.
3. Regarding this generation it says "...Elef Gefen
b'Elef Kesef la'Shamir v'Shayis" (very valuable
property will be left uncultivated, for everyone
1. Yisrael: Does everyone take for himself, or do we
divide it equally? (Alternatively - may we benefit
from it, or must we give it away, for some of it was
stolen from the 10 Shevatim?)
(f) (Rav Huna): Sancheriv made 10 journeys on the day he came
to attach Yerushalayim - "Ba Al Ayas...".
2. Yeshayah: "Osef he'Chasil" - take as locusts do
(each for itself).
3. Yisrael: Some of it was stolen from the 10 Shevatim!
4. Yeshayah: "K'Mashak Gevim Shokek Bo" - just as water
that flows into a Mikvah is Metaher a person, if
money of Yisrael falls to Nochrim, it is permitted
to one who gets it from them.