REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sanhedrin 59
(a) We just learned that a Nochri is Chayav Miysah for keeping Shabbos.
Which other Mitzvah does Rebbi Yochanan declare outside the domain of a
Nochri (which he is also Chayav Miysah for usurping)?
(b) On which Pasuk in Ve'zos ha'Berachah is this based?
(c) Why is this Mitzvah not specifically included in the Sheva Mitzvos,
assuming we read the Pasuk ...
- ... "Morashah Kehilas Ya'akov" (as indeed it is written)?
- ... "Me'orasah Kehilas Ya'akov"?
(a) To whom does the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "Asher Ya'aseh Osam ha'Adam
va'Chai Bahem", refer?
(b) But did we not learn earlier that "Adam" is confined to Yisrael, and
does not pertain to Nochrim?
(c) How do we then reconcile Rebbi Yochanan with this Pasuk?
(a) What does Rebbi Chanina ben Gamliel learn from the word "Damo" in the
Pasuk in No'ach "Ach Basar be'Nafsho, Damo Lo Sochelu"?
(b) What do the Rabbanan, who do not forbid Dam min ha'Chai, learn from
(c) Who is the author of the continuation of the Beraisa which comments (on
the Pasuk in Re'ei) 'ke'Yotzei ba'Davar Atah Omer "Rak Chazak le'Vilti Achol
ha'Dam, Ki ha'Dam Hu ha'Nafesh"? What is the Tana saying?
(a) The Rabbanan learn from this Pasuk that Dam Hakazah is forbidden.
would we have thought otherwise?
(b) What is the difference between Dam min ha'Chai and Dam Hakazah?
(c) We ask why, having already issued the Mitzvah of Eiver min ha'Chai to
the B'nei No'ach, the Torah finds it necessary to repeat it at Sinai.
do we not ask the same Kashya with regard to Avodas-Kochavim and
(a) To answer the Kashya, we cite Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina.
Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina say about Mitzvos that were said to the B'nei
(b) Which is the only case that this latter principle incorporates?
- ... and were repeated at Sinai (such as Gid-ha'Nasheh)?
- ... but were not repeated at Sinai?
(c) Why do we establish this specifically like Rebbi Yehudah? What do the
Chachamim say about Gid ha'Nasheh?
(d) Logically, we would expect whatever is repeated at Sinai to pertain
exclusively to Yisrael.
What causes Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina to say
that it pertains to Nochrim, too?
(a) Initially, we would attribute the Torah's need to repeat the Mitzvos
that pertain to the B'nei No'ach at Sinai to the fact that we would
otherwise learn them from Gid ha'Nasheh, which is not repeated at Sinai, and
which is permitted to the B'nei No'ach.
Answers to questions
What is wrong with this theory?
(b) Then why does it repeat them?
(c) Logically, we would expect whatever is not repeated at Sinai to pertain
exclusively to B'nei No'ach.
So why does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina say
(d) How will we then explain the fact that a ben No'ach is ...
- ... forbidden to take a Y'fas To'ar, whereas a Yisrael is permitted?
- ... Chayav for stealing less than a Shaveh P'rutah, even though a Yisrael is Patur?
(a) What do we ask on Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina's principle from the
Mitzvos of Milah in Tazri'a ("u'va'Yom ha'Shemini Yimol"), and P'ru u'Revu
in Va'eschanan ("Lech Emor Lahem Shuvu Lachem le'Oholechem")?
(b) What do we answer? Why *does* the Torah repeat the Mitzvah of ...
(c) In that case, why can we not apply the same principle to all the seven
Mitzvos (in which case they will only pertain to Yisrael, but not to B'nei
- ... Milah?
- ... P'ru u'Revu?
(d) Why did Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina say earlier that the only Mitzvah
which is not repeated at Sinai is Gid ha'Nasheh according to Rebbi Yehudah?
Why do Milah and Piryah ve'Rivyah, by which the Torah does not issue an
independent command, not fall under the same category?
(a) What alternative answer do we give to explain why, in spite of the fact
that Milah was repeated at Sinai, it was only given to Yisrael?
(b) In that case, from where do we know that the Mitzvah does not also apply
(c) What does Rebbi Yossi bar Avin (or Rebbi Yossi bar Chanina) then learn
from the Pasuk "es B'risi Heifar"? Whom does this come to include?
- ... the Bnei Yishmael?
- ... the B'nei Eisav?
(a) What does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav learn from the Pasuk ...
(b) From where does he learn that Sheratzim are not subject to Eiver min
- ... in Bereishis "Lachem Yihyeh le'Ochlah u'le'Chol Chayas ha'Aretz"?
- ... in No'ach "ke'Yerek Eisev Nasati Lachem es Kol"?
- ... in No'ach "(Ach) Basar be'Nafsho Lo Socheilu"?
(c) How does Rav Huna explain the fact that Rav Yehudah precludes Sheratzim
from there and not animals?
(a) If Adam was forbidden to eat the flesh of any animal, how could Hashem
order him to "rule over ...
(b) Why do we add 'according to Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah' in our answer
to the Kashya on the birds?
- ... the fish of the sea"? What use are fish other than as food?
- ... the birds"? What can one do with birds, other than eat them?
- ... and over all the living creatures ... "?
(c) Rebbi Shimon ben Menasyah bemoaned the world's loss as a result of the
curse of the snake'.
What would Hashem have given each Jew if the snake
had not sinned?
(d) What was the purpose of the rope that would have been placed under its
(a) What does Rebbi Yehudah ben Teima say in a Beraisa about Adam ha'Rishon
reclining in Gan Eden? What were the angels doing for him?
(b) What was the snake's reaction to that?
(c) How do reconcile this with the prohibition of eating the flesh of
(d) In what connection do we ...
- ... relate the episode with Rebbi Shimon ben Chalafta and the lions?
- ... quote the Pasuk in Tehilim "ha'Kefirim Sho'agim la'Taref"?
(a) What happened to the two thighs of flesh that came down from Heaven?
Answers to questions
(b) What did the Chachamim reply when Rebbi Shimon ben Chalafta asked in
the Beis-Hamedrash whether it was Kasher?
(c) What did Rebbi Zeira ask Rebbi Avahu in this connection?
(d) What did he reply? What did he mean by 'Ya'arod Na'ala'?