REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sanhedrin 71
(a) What does our Mishnah say about a ben Sorer u'Moreh who steals either
from his father and eats in his father's domain or who steals from others
and eats either in their domain or in that of his father?
(b) When then, will he be Chayav?
(c) Why is he Patur in a case where he steals ...
(d) Why is he then Chayav if he steals from his father's domain and eats it
in the domain of others?
- ... from his father and eats in his father's domain?
- ... from others and eats in their domain?
- ... from others and eats in his father's domain?
(a) Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah requires the ben Sorer u'Moreh to steal from
what belongs to his mother as well as to his father.
Bearing in mind that
whatever his mother owns belongs to his father, how does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi
Chanina explain this?
(b) How do we amend this in view of Rebbi Chanan bar Moldah, who requires
the ben Sorer u'Moreh to steal money with which he buys meat and wine?
(c) How do we finally establish the case even where the money actually
belongs to his mother.
How is that possible?
(a) What does our Mishnah say about a case where either the ben Sorer
u'Moreh's father or mother declines to hand him over to Beis-Din?
(b) Rebbi Yehudah requires the ben Sorer u'Moreh's mother to be fit for his
On what grounds do we reject the suggestion that she is forbidden
to him because she is a Chayvei K'riysus?
(c) What then, does Rebbi Yehudah mean?
(d) How does he derive this from the Pasuk "Einenu Shome'a be'Koleinu"?
(a) Why do we assume the author of the Beraisa which says 'ben Sorer u'Moreh
Lo Hayah ve'Lo Asid Liheyos', to be Rebbi Yehudah?
(b) Alternatively, we establish the Beraisa like Rebbi Shimon.
Rebbi Shimon say about a boy who eats a Tartimar of meat and drinks half a
log of wine?
(c) If a ben Sorer u'Moreh will never happen, why did the Torah write it?
(d) What did Rebbi Yonasan testify?
(a) And we establish the Beraisa which says 'Ir ha'Nidachas Lo Haysah ve'Lo
Asidah Liheyos' like Rebbi Eliezer.
What does Rebbi Eliezer say about as
little as one solitary Mezuzah? Is this Din confined to a Mezuzah as opposed
to other Sefarim?
(b) How does he derive this from the Pasuk in Shoftim "ve'es Kol Shelalah
Tikbotz ... ve'Sarafta"?
(c) Is the above Beraisa unanimous?
(d) Which is the third Parshah about which the Beraisa says 'Lo Hayah ve'Lo
(a) We establish this Beraisa like Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon.
he say about the Shiur, the bricks and the walls of a Bayis ha'Menuga?
(b) From which two Pesukim (words) does Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon learn
(c) What did Rebbi Eliezer b'Rebbi Tzadok mean when he referred to an area
within the boundaries of Aza which was called 'Churvesa Segirta'?
(d) And what did Shimon Ish K'far Ako say about his visit to the Galil? What
marked place was he referring to?
(a) What does our Mishnah learn from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei ...
(b) What is the significance of the last ruling? Why will it not suffice
that his parents later see that he disobeyed them?
- ... "Ve'Safsu Bo Aviv ve'Imo"?
- ... "ve'Hotzi'u Oso"?
- ... "ve'Amru"?
- ... "Beneinu Zeh"?
- ... "Einenu Shome'a be'Koleinu"?
(c) What does the Tana mean when he says that they warn their son in front
of Beis-Din? Since when does a warning require three judges?
(d) What is then the significance of the warning? Why can it not be the
warning which will lead to Malkos?
(a) We just learned that the parents warn their son in front of two
Answers to questions
What is the purpose of the witnesses?
(b) Should he contravene their warning, they bring him before a Beis-Din of
twenty-three to be stoned.
What condition does our Mishnah still require
before he can be sentenced to death?
(c) We cite Rebbi Avahu, who learns two 'Gezeirah-Shavos' (all in Ki
What does he learn from ...
- ... "*ben* Sorer u'Moreh" from "ve'Hayah im *Bin* Hakos ha'Rasha"?
- ... "ve'Lakchu Ziknei ha'Ir es ha'Ish ve'Yisru Oso" from "ve'Yisru Oso" (of ben Sorer u'Moreh)?
(a) What will be the Din if the ben Sorer u'Moreh runs away and passes the
maximum age limit ...
(b) What does Rebbi Chanina say about a ben No'ach who cursed Hashem and
- ... before the final judgement has been passed?
- ... after the final judgement has been passed?
(c) What change occurred in his ...
(d) We initially try to support Rebbi Chanina from he Reisha of our Mishnah
('Barach ad she'Lo Nigmar Diyno ... Patur'), but we reject the proof from
there. What advantage does the Nochri there have over and above the Ger of
- ... Din?
- ... manner of death?
(e) And how do we answer the Kashya on Rebbi Chanina from the Seifa of our
Mishnah 've'Im mi'she'Nigmar Diyno Barach ... Chayav' (from which we see
that a person remains Chayav even though his Din has changed)?
(a) What does the Beraisa say about a ben No'ach who killed ...
(b) We see from here that even though the Din has changed, he remains
- ... a Nochri or who committed adultery with his wife and then converted?
- ... a Yisrael or who committed adultery with his wife and then converted?
Why is this not a Kashya on Rebbi Chanina?
(c) That's fine as far as a murderer is concerned, but surely the Din of
Eishes Ish has changed (from Sayaf to Chenek), so why is he not Patur?
(d) On what grounds do we reject this answer?
(a) So we answer the initial Kashya by differentiating between this case and
that of Rebbi Chanina, because (in this case) 'Kalah ba'Chamurah Meishach
What does that mean?
(b) We query this answer however, on the grounds that it will not work out
according to Rebbi Shimon.
Why not? What does Rebbi Shimon say about the
order of deaths that leaves the Kashya intact?
(c) And we solve this problem by establishing Rebbi Shimon like Tana de'Bei
What does Tana de'Bei Menasheh say with regard to the
death-sentence of a Nochri, that reconciles Rebbi Shimon with our answer?
(a) The Beraisa rules that if a Na'arah ha'Me'urasah commits adultery and
(after the final ruling has been issued, she) becomes a Bogeres, she
receives Chenek. What do we try to prove from this?
(b) We refute this proof however, on the basis of Rebbi Yochanan's statement
to the Beraisa expert.
What amendment did he make to the Beraisa?
(c) According to Rebbi Yochanan then, what will be the Din in Rebbi
Chanina's case, where a ben No'ach cursed Hashem and then converted?
(a) We have already quoted our Mishnah, that a ben Sorer u'Moreh is punished
because of what he is going to do and not because of what he did. Why does
the Tana go on to say that drinking wine and sleeping, and the death of ...
Answers to questions
(b) And on what basis does the Tana say that ...
- ... Resha'im is beneficial both to themselves and to the world?
- ... Tzadikim is bad both for themselves and for the world?
(c) What is the last thing listed by the Tana that is bad for Tzadikim but
good for Tzadikim?
- ... the scattering of Resha'im is beneficial both to them and to the world, whereas their banding together is bad?
- ... the scattering of Tzadikim is bad for them and for the world, whereas their banding together is beneficial to both?