REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sanhedrin 81
SANHEDRIN 81 - Sponsored in honor of the 40th anniversary of David and
Zahava Rubner; may they continue together with Bracha and Hatzlacha 'til 120
and always have much Nachat from their children! Warm Mazel Tov wishes from
Eli & Jeri Turkel and David & Gerti Kornfeld.
(a) What does our Mishnah say about someone who is Chayav two Miysos?
(b) According to the Tana Kama, the same applies to someone who transgressed
a sin which carries two death-sentences.
What does Rebbi Yossi say?
(c) What is an example of a sin for which one is Chayav two death-sentences?
(d) Why is the Mishnah's first ruling not obvious? How does Rava establish
the Mishnah for there to be a Chidush?
(a) Rabah bar Nasan cited the source to Rav Yosef's brother of our Mishnah's
first ruling (that someone who is Chayav two Miysos receives the more
stringent death) as the Pasuk in Yechezkel "ve'Holid ben Paritz Shofech Dam
Which death is the Pasuk referring due when it writes ...
(b) How did he prove it from the conclusion of the Pasuk "Mos Yumas Damav
- ... "Shofech Dam"?
- ... "ve'es Eishes Re'ehu Timei"?
- ... "ve'el Gallium Nasa Evan"?
(c) Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak queried the proof. Perhaps he asked, all three
cases are referring to Chayvei Sekilah.
How is it possible for "ben Paritz
Shofech Dam" and "ve'es Eishes Re'eihu Timei" to be sentenced to Sekilah?
(d) On what ground do we refute ...
- ... Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak's suggestion?
- ... the suggestion that perhaps Yechezkel was merely repeating some of the Torah's principle Dinim?
(a) Yechezkel then goes on to describe the antitheses of the above sinners,
concluding with the words 'Tzadik Hu Chayoh Yichyeh".
How does Rav Acha
b'Rebbi Chanina explain the Navi's opening words "el he'Harim Lo Achal"? Who
is meant by "Harim"?
(b) If he defines "ve'Einav Lo Nasa el Gilulei Beis Yisrael" to mean that he
did not walk 'proud and tall' (a mark of conceit), how did he define ...
(c) Why did Raban Gamliel weep when he arrived at this Pasuk?
- ... "ve'es Eishes Re'ehu Lo Timei"?
- ... "ve'el Ishah Nidah Lo Karav"?
(d) Rebbi Akiva quoted the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "Al Titam'u be'Chol Eileh".
What did he prove from there?
(a) On which principle does Rebbi Yossi base his statement 'Nidon be'Zikah
ha'Rishonah she'Ba'ah Alav'?
Answers to questions
(b) What is the case of ...
(c) Rebbi Yossi concedes that someone who committed two sins receives two
punishments, if the second sin is an Isur Mosif.
- ... 'Chamoso ve'Na'asis Eishes Ish'? What punishment will they receive should he then have relations with her?
- ... 'Eishes Ish ve'Na'asis Chamoso? What punishment would they then receive?
What makes 'Chamoso
ve'Na'asis Eishes Ish' an Isur Mosif?
(d) What did Rava reply when Rav Ada bar Ahavah asked why Rebbi Yossi then
says 'Nidon ba'Chamoso', and not 'Nidon *Af* ba'Chamoso' (inasmuch as he
would then need to bring two Chata'os, were he to transgress be'Shogeg)?
(a) What does our Mishnah say about someone who received Malkos for sins
that he transgressed on two occasions?
(b) How does Rebbi Yirmiyah Amar Resh Lakish establish our Mishnah to
explain how Beis-Din put someone to death when he has only transgressed
(c) Why is that?
(d) How did Rebbi Ya'akov qualify this ruling still further, to Rebbi
Yirmiyah bar Tachlifa, and why?
(a) We establish our Mishnah ('Mi she'Lakah ve'Shanah ... ') not like Raban
Shimon ben Gamliel.
What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel say about a woman
who lost two husbands?
(b) How does Ravina reconcile Raban Shimon ben Gamliel with our Mishnah?
(a) According to the Tana Kama in a Beraisa, the third time a person
transgresses a sin which carries with it Malkos, Beis-Din place him in a
What does Aba Shaul say?
(b) What do we initially assume to be the reason of the Tana Kama?
(c) Why is this a Kashya on Ravina?
(d) How do we establish the Machlokes Tana'im to reconcile him with the
(a) How must a sinner respond to a warning before he can actually receive
(b) What does the Tana Kama say in another Beraisa in a case where a person
sinned twice after being warned, but where he responded to each warning with
silence or with nodding his head? What happens to him when he sins the third
(c) What does Aba Shaul say?
(d) Since in this case, there were no Malkiyos, what is the basis of their
Machlokes? Why does Aba Shaul not sentence the sinner to Kipah until the
(a) How does Rav Yehudah describe 'Kipah"?
(b) What is the real source of Kipah?
(c) What does Resh Lakish extrapolate from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Temoses
Rasha Ra'ah"? What does he prove from there?
(d) He also explains the Pasuk in Koheles "Ki Gam Lo Yeida ha'Adam es Ito,
ke'Dagim she'Ne'echazim bi'Metzudah Ra'ah" as 'Chakeh', a hook with which
one catches fish.
What is the significance of that?
(a) What is the meaning of ...
(b) What do these have in common with someone who has relations with a
- ... 'Gonev es ha'Sisvah'? What is a 'Sisvah'?
- ... 'Mekalel be'Kosem'?
(c) What do the young Kohanim do with a fellow Kohen whom they catch serving
in the Beis-Hamikdash when he is Tamei?
(d) According to Rebbi Akiva, a Zar (a non-Kohen) who serves in the
Beis-Hamikdash receives Chenek.
What do the Chachamim say?
(a) What does Rav Yehudah prove from the Pasuk in Bamidbar "ve'es Kesos
(b) How does the Pasuk there "ve'Lo Yavo'u Lir'os ke'Vala es ha'Kodesh
va'Meisu" hint at the Din in our Mishnah 'ha'Gonev es ha'Kisva'?
(c) What is the Pasuk really talking about?
(a) There is a Machlokes how to explain 'ha'Mekalel be'Kosem'.
Answers to questions
the Tana of the Beraisa quoted by Rav Yosef mean when he explains 'Yakeh
Kosem es Kosmo'?
(b) And what do the Rabbanan or Rabah bar Mari mean when they say 'Yakeihu
Kosem Lo u'le'Kono u'le'Makno'?