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Previous dafShabbos 39
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg
and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is
devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara,
Rashi or Tosfos.)
 Gemara 39a [line 16]:
"Rav Yosef Amar *Mipnei she'Meziz* Afar"
Rashi's Girsa is "Rav Yosef Amar *Shema Yaziz* Afar"
1) [line 1] SHE'BA B'CHAMIN - anything that was once boiled in hot water
2) [line 1] SHORIN OSO - we may soak it
3) [line 3] MADICHIN OSO- we may rinse it
4) [line 4] MALI'ACH YASHAN - (a) fish that has been salted for a long
period of time (RASHI); (b) meat that has been salted for a long period of
time (ROSH to Daf 42b, #17)
5) [line 4] KULYAS HA'ISPANIN - Spanish colias, a type of tuna
6) [line 7] HA'MAYIM HA'YAFIM BA'RA'IM - cooling off hot drinking water
that is in a utensil by placing it into cold undrinkable water
7) [line 16] REMETZ - hot ashes, embers
8) [line 18] MEGALGELIN - we may roast
9) [line 20] SID ROSE'ACH - hot lime or plaster
10) [last line] D'CHALFEI - that they pass by
11) [line 2] HATMANAH B'DAVAR HA'MOSIF HEVEL
In order to keep food warm for the Shabbos day meal, dishes are heated on
Friday and completely wrapped in insulating material (the process called
Hatmanah) before sunset. If the material used adds heat to the food, the
Hatmanah is prohibited. The fourth Perek of Maseches Shabbos, ba'Meh
Tomnin, contains a list of permitted and prohibited materials.
12) [line 4] TAVRINHU - they broke
13) [line 16] L'HISHTATEF BAHEN - to rinse oneself with them
14) [line 21] B'FEIRUSH SHEMI'A LACH - did you hear it explicitly?
15) [line 21] MI'KELALA SHEMI'A LACH - did you derive it from the general
rule that Rebbi Yochanan said in the name of Rebbi Yanai?
16) [line 22] KOL MAKOM SHE'ATAH MOTZE SHNAYIM CHALUKIN V'ECHAD MACHRI'A,
HALACHAH K'DIVREI HA'MACHRI'A - When three opinions are expressed regarding
a certain matter and one of them is an intermediate opinion which
*compromises* between the two extreme opinions by accepting part of each,
the Halachah follows that opinion.
17) [line 23] KULEI MATLANI'OS
(a) Small patches of cloth may be useful as pot holders or as stoppers for
the water inlets of a bathhouse if they had been designated as such before
Shabbos (This is learned from the Mishnah Kelim 28:2, quoted on Daf 29a).
If there was no such designation, they may still be considered utensils
(whereupon they may receive Tum'ah) based upon the actions of their owner
with regard to them, as follows: (1) If they were placed in a box for
safekeeping, all Tana'im rule that they are utensils; (2) If they were
thrown into a garbage heap, all Tana'im rule that they are not utensils
(and are Tehorim); (3) The Tana'im argue when they were hung on a hook or
thrown behind a door. Rebbi Eliezer rules that in both cases they are
utensils. The owner shows an interest in these patches as long as he does
not throw them in a garbage heap. Rebbi Yehoshua rules that in both cases
they are not utensils. Only placing them in a box renders them significant
(when we do not know the owner's intentions.) Rebbi Akiva rules that
hanging them on a hook signifies that they will be used, while throwing
them behind a door shows that they will not be used. Accordingly, they are
utensils in the former case and non-utensils in the latter case.
(b) In the Mishnah dealing with these valueless patches, even though Rebbi
Akiva is the Machri'a, the Halachah does not follow his ruling since (a) he
was a student of Rebbi Eliezer and Rebbi Yehoshua, and the Halachah
generally follows the opinion of the teacher; and (b) Rebbi Akiva later
rescinded his opinion and ruled like Rebbi Yehoshua.