ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafShabbos 32
(a) 'I placed inside you a Revi'is of blood, and I warned you about (the
Mitzvah of) blood (Nidah); I called you (Yisrael) 'Reishis', and I warned
you about (the Mitzvah of) 'Reishis' (Chalah); the Neshamah that I placed
inside you is called 'Ner', and I warned you about (the Mitzvah of)
Hadlakas Ner - on Shabbos. If you do not keep them, then I will remove your
Neshamah, and your blood and your title of Reishis will lose their
(These three represent the three parts of man - Nefesh, Ru'ach and Neshamah
- see Maharsha).
(b) It is particularly a woman who is punished on account of these three
sins, because these Mitzvos were given first and foremost, to women - since
she is in charge of household matters; and also, because she (Chavah) spilt
the *blood* of Adam, who was the first (*Chalah*) of the world, causing his
*lamp* (Neshamah) to be extinguished.
1. 'When the ox falls' etc. ... One strikes a person when he is down
already, sparing oneself the need to have to knock him down especially.
2. 'The maidservant is guilty of many sins' ... Since the woman is already
being punished for the sin of Chavah, through childbirth, one takes the
opportunity to punish her for all her other sins at the same time.
3. 'Leave the drunkard' ... The woman is already down, and needs to pray
for her recovery. Hashem will not answer her (if she is guilty), and she
will die automatically.
4. 'The shepherd is lame' etc. ... As long as the woman is healthy, the
Satan cannot find her guilty, because she has sufficient merits to save her
from falling. When she is already in a state of danger, that is when he has
it much easier (as Chazal have said - 'the Satan accuses at the time of
5. 'At the door of the shop' etc. ... As long as she is healthy, she has
many friends (angels who will defend her), but when she is at death's door,
all her friends desert her, and she has nobody to speak on her behalf -
because her Mazal is weak.
(a) The equivalent method used by Hashem to punish a man, is by punishing
him whilst he is crossing over a bridge, or doing something else
potentially dangerous - such as sitting beside a rickety wall.
(b) Shmuel would make a point of crossing by ferry together with a gentile,
because, he argued, the Satan does not strike two nations simultaneously.
(c) Rebbi Yanai would inspect the ferry-boat for leaks before crossing,
because, he claimed, Hashem does not so readily perform miracles with
people, and, even if He does, the miracle will detract from his merits.
(d) Which is precisely what Ya'akov meant when he said "Katonti" - "I have
become small (lost my merits) through all the kindnesses etc., that Hashem
has performed with me."
1. We learn from "Ki Yipol ha'Nofel *Mimenu*", that the person who is due
to fall must bring proof of his innocence. Consequently, a person should
always Daven to Hashem that he should not become ill, so that he should not
be called upon to prove his innocence;
2. And from Ki Yipol *ha'Nofel* Mimenu", we learn that the man who fell off
the roof did so because he was guilty and destined to fall off - from the
moment that he sinned (which is why the Torah calls him a 'Nofel' even
before he has fallen - and all this was already known to Hashem since the
six days of the Creation). Nevertheless, the person who failed to put up a
parapet is guilty, and will be punished for causing the man's death,
because Hashem brings about punishment through a person who is guilty.
(a) We tell a dying man to confess to his sins, because all dying men
(b) We compare a man who ...
1. ... goes out into the street - into a domain where there are fights and
where there are creditors, to someone who is being taken by a
police-officer to court.
(c) According to ...
2. ... has a headache, to someone whose head is placed in the pillory.
3. ... is seriously ill, and is confined to bed, to someone who is awaiting
trial in a court where only capital crimes are judged.
1. ... the Tana Kama, a man's stands a chance of recovery, if he does
Teshuvah and good deeds, in which case, if even one in a thousand angels
that he has created through his deeds, speak in his defense, he will
2. ... Rebbi Eliezer, the son of Rebbi Yossi ha'Gelili, if one part in a
thousand of the Angel who is accusing him (in other words, if even onr of
the sins that he performed has one good side to it, that Angel will defend
him), speaks in his favor, he will survive.
(a) A woman is also likely to die at childbirth for washing her baby's
dirty clothes on Shabbos, or for calling the Aron ha'Kodesh 'Arna' - both
sins which were commonly performed in those days.
(b) An Am ha'Aretz is likely to die young for referring to a Shul as a
central meeting- place.
(a) Rebbi Elazar says that women die for the above sins not 'Yoldos' - when
they give birth, but 'Yelados', meaning that they die young. Therefore,
Rebbi Yossi describes the three sins of a woman as '*Divkei* Misah', which
cleave to her, and cause her to die young. Whereas the other Tana learnt
like the Tana of our Mishnah, that the woman who transgresses them dies at
childbirth. Consequently, he referred to them as 'Bidkei Misah', which
examine her and kill her, if she is guilty, as we learnt above.
(b) In spite of the fact that Hekdesh, Terumos and Ma'asros are such major
areas of Torah, the Torah leaves them in the hands of individuals, even
Amei ha'Aretz, and trusts them in their dealings with Talmidei Chachamim,
without asking them to prove that their movable objects are not Hekdesh,
and that their crops have been Ma'asered.
(a) One should avoid making Nidrei Hekdesh at all costs, because, due to
Nedarim that are not kept, one's wife or one's young children, will die.
(b) We learn from "la'Shav Hikeisi es Beneichem" that one's children die
because of false oaths, which are called 'Shevu'os Shav.
And, in conjunction with the end of the Pasuk "Musar Lo Lakachu", we
explain it to mean - "Did I smite your children for nothing? (I smote them
because) you did not learn (Torah, which is called) Musar.
(c) When Rebbi heard from Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon that one's children
die young because of the sin of Nidrei Shav, he accepted it, and retracted
from his own contention that it is due to Bitul Torah.
(a) Some Amora'im learn that children also die because of the sin of Bitul
Torah, because "Lema'an Yirbu Yemeichem" etc. refers not only to the
Mitzvah of Mezuzah which is mentioned in the previous Pasuk, but also to
that of Talmud-Torah, mentioned two Pesukim earlier.
(b) Yet others learn from the Pasuk "ve'Gam bi'Chenafayim Nimtze'u Dam
Nafshos Evyonim Neki'im", that one's children ("the poor innocent souls")
will die because of one's laxness in the Mitzvah of Tzitzis.
(a) For keeping the Mitzvah of Tzitzis carefully, each Jew is due to
receive two thousand, eight hundred servants, ten from each of the seventy
nations - for each of the four corners on which one puts Tzitzis.
(b) The repercussions ...
1. ... of Sin'as Chinam are threefold: constant strife at home, one's wife
losing her children and one's children dying young.
2. ...of laxness in the Mitzvah of Chalah: are no blessing in one's
storehouses of wine, corn and oil; the soaring of prices in the
market-place and the crops that one sows, being eaten by others. (From this
section and onwards - until Daf 33, 2b - the Gemara appears to be speaking,
not about individuals sins, but about communal ones.)
3. ... of keeping the Mitzvah of Chalah, is an ongoing blessing one's
(a) For negating the Mitzvah of Terumos and Ma'asros, there is no dew or
rain, food becomes expensive, there is no profit to be made and people try,
in vain, to make a livelihood.
(b) The Reward for Terumos and Ma'asros is rain and a bumper harvest the
(c) "Ad Beli Dai" means, until one's lips get worn out from crying
(a) The punishment for the sin of theft is a plague of locusts, hunger, and
people eating their own children.
(b) The women of Mechuza used to eat from their husbands stocks and not
work, which is akin to theft; alternatively, eating and drinking without
working resulted in their eating and drinking excessively. This, in turn,
caused their husbands to steal, in order to provide for their excessive
(c) The Gemara explains "Ish Besar Zero'o Yochelu", as if it had written,
instead of "Zero'o" - "Zar'o", to prophecy that, for the sin of theft
(which is mentioned in the Pasuk in Amos - quoted in the Gemara), they
would eat their own children in their hunger.