ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafShabbos 90
(a) The Shiur for carrying soaked dyes on Shabbos is the amount that one
would need to dye a sample for the dyer to show his customers.
(b) The Shiur for carrying out the raw materials for dye making is a larger
one - as specified in our Mishnah - than the Shiur for carrying out the
dyes themselves, because nobody would take the trouble to carry out such a
small amount of raw materials (i.e. only enough to dye a small sample etc.)
(a) Urine is no longer fit to be used for washing clothes after forty days.
One obtains Shluf Dutz (also a cleansing herb) from the pearl inside which
it grows, by making a hole in a pearl, and removing it with a pointed
(c) Boris is a cleansing herb called Ohel.
- Boris cannot possibly be sand, because the Beraisa lists both Boris and sand.
- Nor can Boris be sulfur, because Boris is listed among those items included in the Dinim of Shemitah, and Shemitah is confined to things that grow from the ground, and sulfur does not grow from the ground.
(d) The Beraisa nevertheless lists Ohel as well Boris, because there are
two kinds of Ohel, one of which is called Boris.
(a) The Shiur for carrying out ...
(b) The reason that one is Chayav for the latter group is because one tends
to put them away in order to place them in Genizah.
- ... pepper-corns, tar, spices and metal on Shabbos - is a 'Kol she'Hu'.
- ... stones of the Mizbei'ach and dust from Sifrei-Torah and their mantles - is also a 'Kol she'Hu'.
(c) Rebbi Yehudah learns from the Pasuk "ve'Lo Yidbak be'Yadcha *Me'umah*
min ha'Cherem" - that even the smallest amount of Avodah Zarah is
important, for which reason one is Chayav for carrying it out on Shabbos.
- One pepper-corn can be used to place in the mouth against bad smell.
- A small amount of tar is useful as an cure for when half the head aches.
(a) A Rei'ach Ra, is a sharp spice that one would burn, to produce smoke,
to chase away the Demons; Argaman, the raw dye from which purple dye was
made; and a Besulas ha'Vered, according to Rashi (see also marginal note in
the Mesores ha'Shas) is one petal of a rose, which was used for its aroma.
(b) A small piece of metal was used to make the goad of a plow.
(c) Bedek ha'Bayis would use the Amah by Amah piece of iron for the Kalya
Orev - a series of sharp metal plates, each one, an Amah by an Amah. These
were fitted with nails, and used to cover the roof of the Beis Hamikdash,
to prevent ravens from resting on the roof of the Beis Hamikdash and making
(d) According to the Tana Kama, someone who made a vow to donate copper,
would have to donate copper to the value of a silver Ma'ah (a small coin).
(e) The small fork that was made from the smallest donation of copper,
according to Rebbi Eliezer, was used to trim and clean the wicks of the
Sefarim-dust is the edges of old Sefarim, that crumble with age and turn
The Techach of silk, the Ila of grapes, the Peh of figs and the Heh of
pomegranates are all fruit-worms - and Mekek Sefarim is actually a worm
(b) When one of his Talmidim complained of thorns, in the figs that he was
eating, Rebbi Yochanan exclaimed that Peh had killed him.
(a) A Kupas ha'Ruchlin is a peddler's box, containing a series of small
boxes, each one with a different bundle of spice. For carrying out a Kupas
ha'Ruchlin on Shabbos, one is Chayav only one Chatas.
(b) The Shiur for carrying out cucumber, pumpkin and Egyptian-bean seeds is
just two seeds - despite the fact that the Shiur for other seeds is a
little less than a Kigerogeres - because they are more Chashuv.
(c) According to Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira, the Shiur for carrying out
seeds is *five* seeds.
Note: The Shiur for carrying out seeds that are intended for *eating*, is a
(d) The Shiur for carrying out ...
1 ... a live Kasher locust - is a 'Kol Shehu';
(e) A dead locust was fit only for eating, whereas they tended to designate
live ones for the little children to play with.
2. ... a dead Kasher locust - is a Kigerogeres;
3. ... a live or dead Tzipores Keramim - is the amount that one would need to implement its curing properties'.
(a) The Shiur for carrying out date-pits ,,,
1. ...for planting - is two pits;
(b) According to Rebbi Meir, five, because up to *four*, one tends to
remember easily, and no Siman is required.
2. ... for animal food - is enough to fill the mouth of a pig i.e. one pit.
(The dates in those days must have been very much larger than those of
3. ... for fuel - enough to burn a Kigerogeres of a chicken's egg.
4. ... as counters (as a Si'man how many coins he is owed) - according to
the Tana Kama, two.
(c) The Shiur for carrying out ...
(d) The above are used ...
- ... hair from a horse's tail or from that of a cow - is two strands:
- ... hard fibers from a pig's spine - is one fiber;
- ... thick fiber from a date-palm - is two fibers;
- ... thin fiber from a date-palm - is just one fiber.
- ... for net-making;
- ... by leather makers in connection with the threads;
- ... to make baskets;
- ... to sew up pumpkins.
(a) The Tzipores Keramim is found in a young date-palm.
(b) It is used to open a stopped-up heart (i.e. someone lacking on
knowledge, or who is stupid).
(c) After eating the right half of the bird, they would place the left half
in a copper pipe, which they would seal with many seals. Then they would
suspend it on his left arm.
(d) The Siman from the Pasuk "Lev Chacham li'Yemino, ve'*Lev Kesil
li'Semolo*" is that here, where the cure is for a person whose heart (which
is on the *left side*) is foolish, one ties it on the *left arm*.
(a) The Rabbanan maintain that one would not give a non-Kasher bird to a
child to play with, in case the bird dies, and he eats it. Consequently,
one would be Patur for carrying it out, because it has no Chashivus.
Hadran Alach 'Amar Rebbi Akiva'!
(b) Rebbi Yehudah maintains that, should the locust die, the child will cry
over its demise, rather than eat it.
(c) If we are afraid that he might come to eat the *non-Kasher* locust
whilst it is still alive, then why should we not also be afraid that he
might come to eat even a *Kasher* locust whilst it is still alive - which
is forbidden because of the La'av of "Bal Teshaktzu" (Kedoshim). In that
case, one would even be Patur for carrying out a live *Kasher* locust!
(d) Even if one is not obligated to order a child to desist from performing
an Isur (this has nothing to do with the Mitzvah of Chinuch, which, some
say, is confined to Mitzvos Asei), it is nevertheless prohibited to put an
Isur into his hand.
(a) The moment one changes one's mind, and decides to use the object for
the purpose for which it was initially designated, he will be Patur for
carrying less than *that* Shiur. Consequently, if he takes the smaller
Shiur (for which he *was* Chayav when he carried it *out*) and carries it
back inside, he will be Patur.
(b) The Chidush of placing the commodity into storage is that even though
he subsequently forgot why he put it away, he will nevertheless be Chayav
when he carries out the smaller amount, because when someone does something
absentmindedly, he does it with the intention that he originally had in
mind. Consequently, since he placed the seed into storage for a new use,
that is what he took it out of storage for, even though he did not recall
that, whilst actually taking it out.