REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafShabbos 5
(a) The Gemara then suggests that the author of our Mishnah should be
Acheirim (alias Rebbi Meir), who says, that if someone stands still and
receives a thrown object, then the thrower is Chayav, but if he has to move
from his place in order to catch it, he is Patur. Why is the thrower
Patur in the latter case?
The Gemara then tries to establish our Mishnah in a case where the Ani and
the Ba'al ha'Bayis are holding a basket of four by four Tefachim in their
(b) Why might the author of our Mishnah now be Rebbi Meir?
(c) The Gemara rejects this contention, too, on the grounds that Acheirim
only speak about Hanachah, but not Akirah. Maybe they will agree that
Akirah *does* require a Makom Chashuv. On what two grounds does the
Gemara reject even the proof from Hanachah?
(a) What is the problem with this, with regard to the Ani in the Reshus
ha'Rabim? What does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah say in this regard?
So we try to say that our Mishnah speaks when the two hands involved were
below three Tefachim from the ground.
(b) How does the Gemara resolve *this* problem?
(c) Yet this explanation too, is doomed. Why?
(a) How will *that* resolve the problem?
If someone throws an object, which lands by chance in someone's hands, he
(b) But in that case, our Mishnah will have to be speaking when the two men
are sitting on the ground. But the Tana specifically writes 'Omed', and not
'Yoshev', the Gemara objects? What are the three ways of answering this
(c) However, the Gemara rejects this answer, too. On what grounds?
(d) How does Rava finally resolve the problem of hands being less than four
(a) What is the Chidush of this statement of Rebbi Yochanan?
(b) Rebbi Yochanan asks whether someone who throws an object, then runs and
catches it in mid-air, is Chayav or Patur. Why does the Gemara initially
fail to understand what the Sha'aleh is?
(c) What in fact, *is* the Sha'aleh?
(a) Rebbi Yochanan is also quoted as saying that someone who extends his
hand from the street into his friend's courtyard and withdraws it holding
the rain-water that he caught, is Chayav. What is wrong with that
Answers to questions
(b) It doesn't help to say that he caught the rain in mid-flight, because
the air is not a Makom Chashuv. So he must have collected it from his
friend's wall. What is wrong with *that*, and what is wrong with saying
that he collected it from a sloping wall, even if the wall has a ledge
where the water gets caught?
(c) How does the Gemara finally establish the case, and what is the
(a) What does the Gemara say about someone who is standing on the threshold
of his house, when the scroll he is reading slips from his hand and falls
onto a sloping wall, and he is left holding one end?
(b) What threshold are we talking about, and why is that?
(c) What will the Din be in the same situation, if he was reading the
scroll on the roof overlooking the street (two possibilities) and why?
(d) What will be the Din in the latter case if the scroll remains hanging
(a) If someone picks up a nut floating on the water and carries it outside,
will he be Chayav for carrying, and what is the reason for this?
(b) Rava asks what the Din will be if someone takes a cup from a box which
is floating on the water.
What are the two sides to Rava's Sha'aleh?
(c) If a Tevul Yom touches Terumah oil which is floating on Terumah wine,
the Tana Kama (in a Mishnah in Tevul Yom) holds that the oil only is Tamei,
but the wine remains Tahor.
What does Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri hold in
that case, and what is his reason?
(d) What is the Tana Kama's reasoning, and what does Rava learn from this
Machlokes with regard to the Melachah of Hotza'ah?
(a) If someone picks up food before Shabbos and proceeds to walk in and out
of the house with it - the entire Shabbos, what will he have to do, before
becoming Chayav on Shabbos?
(b) What is the difference (regarding Hotza'ah) whether one stops to rest
or to adjust one's load?
(c) Abaye learnt this from a statement made by Rabbah.
What did Rabbah
(d) The previous Halachah is stated in the name of Rebbi Yochanan. But
why did it need to be said, when Rebbi Yochanan has already taught us that
someone who is moving objects from one corner to another and, in the middle
of transportation, he decides to carry them out of his house, he is Patur,
because when he picked them up, it was not with the intention of carrying
(a) If someone carries from a shop to the street via a park area, where
there are benches for people to sit, according to the Tana Kama, he is
Chayav; Ben Azai says Patur.
What is Ben Azai's reason?
(b) What problem does the Gemara have with the Tana Kama's opinion?