REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafShabbos 21
(a) Why are the wicks listed in our Mishnah, forbidden?
(b) Does the prohibition extend to other types of fires - for heating etc.?
(c) May one make a bonfire with them in order to see by?
(a) 'Shemen Kik' is one of the oils that is not eligible for use in Shabbos
lights. Besides the oil of the 'Kik'-bird or the oil of the 'Kikayon'-tree
(mentioned in Sefer Yonah), what else can 'Shemen Kik' mean?
(b) Where does the Kikayon de'Yonah' grow, where would one often find it
and what other advantages did it have?
(c) Why are the oils listed in our Mishnah forbidden?
(a) If one adds a little oil to the forbidden oils, may one then use them
(b) Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel permits one to wrap the wick around a nut and
to kindle it as Shabbos lights. The Tana Kama forbids it.
Why does the
Gemara ask on Rabbah (who forbids one to use forbidden oil to which one has
added kasher oil) from Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel, when he has support from
the Tana Kama?
(c) The Gemara answers that the nut is not there to be lit, but to support
How then, do we explain the Tana Kama, who prohibits this?
(d) How does Rabbah explain Rav, who permits one to add a little oil to
melted Shmaltz or to the melted innards of fish, to use for the
Shabbos-lights? Why does Rav not decree on the melted Shmaltz and on the
melted innards of fish, because of those that are not melted?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Shemos "Leha'alos Ner Tamid"?
(b) What is then the problem from the Mishnah in Succah, which permits
wicks made from the worn-out belts of the Kohanim to be used for the
Simchas Beis Hasho'eivah?
(c) How does the Gemara resolve this Kashya?
(d) Then what does the Beraisa mean, when it permits the worn-out Bigdei-
Kehunah to be used as wicks even for the Menorah?
(a) Rav Huna forbids all the wicks and oils that are prohibited on Shabbos,
to be used for the Chanukah-lights, both on weekdays and on Shabbos.
Why does he forbid them during the week?
Answers to questions
(b) Why does he forbid them on Shabbos?
(c) Rav Chisda agrees with Rav Huna during the week, but permits their use
In which basic point does he argue with Rav Huna?
(a) Rav Masna or Rav has a third opinion regarding the use of the Pasul
wicks and oils on Chanukah - both during the week and on Shabbos-Chanukah.
What is it?
(b) Abaye was upset with himself for not accepting Rebbi Yirmiyah's
interpretation of Rav, though he did accept exactly the same explanation
from Ravin quoting Rebbi Yochanan many years later.
Why was he upset?
What difference does it make whether one accepts an opinion earlier or
(c) Even if we hold 'Kavsa, Zakuk Lah', what other two reasons might there
be to explain the Beraisa 'Mitzvasah mi'she'Tishka ha'Chamah Ad she'Tichleh
Regel min ha'Shuk'?
(d) The Gemara interprets 'Ad she'Tichleh Regel Min ha'Shuk' to mean 'Rigla
What does this mean?
(a) What is the minimum number of lights that one needs to light per family
each night of Chanukah?
(b) What do the Mehadrin do?
(c) And what do the Mehadrin min ha'Mehadrin do, according to Beis Hillel?
(d) What does 'Mehadrin' mean?
(a) Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel argue whether the Mehadrin Min ha'Mehadrin
progress from one through to eight, or whether they regress, from eight
down to one. There are two ways of explaining this: 1. Beis Shamai goes
after the incoming days (eight days to go, seven days to go, six, five
etc.); whereas Beis Hillel follows the outgoing days (the first day, the
second day, etc.)
What is the other way of explaining their Machlokes?
(b) According to the Din of the Gemara, where does one normally light the
(c) Who kindles the Menorah by the window facing the street?
(d) And when would one light it on one's dining-room table?
(a) In the previous case, why would one require another light to be lit?
(b) When will this not be necessary?
(c) Why would the Din change if there was an important person present?
(a) What does the Gemara mean when it asks 'What is Chanukah'?
(b) What does it answer?
(c) What was special about the jar of oil that they found?
(d) 'The following year they fixed these days as a Yom-Tov'.
two regards are they a Yom-Tov?
(e) What did Chazal forbid one to do on Chanukah?
(a) Ravina maintains that it is a Mitzvah to place one's Menorah lower than
ten Tefachim from the ground.
Answers to questions
How does the Gemara attempt to prove
this Din from the Din regarding a passing camel?
(b) How does the Gemara refute the proof?
(c) The maximum height of the Menorah however, is unanimously agreed upon.
What is it - and to what other two other areas of Halachah is this Din