POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafShekalim 10
SHEKALIM 10 (5 Teves) - Dedicated to the memory of Max (Meir Menachem)
Turkel, on his Yahrzeit, by his wife Jean and children Eddie and Lawrence.
1) ACCEPTING COMMUNAL OFFERINGS FROM INDIVIDUALS
(a) The Mishnah in Ta'anis (26a) teaches that there were certain
families whose donated wood would be used for the Ma'arachah.
2) THE OMER IS LOCAL
1. The Gemara reviews the history of these generous families
who addressed the lack of wood in the Lishkah at the
beginning of the Bayis Sheni.
(b) [R. Acha] That Mishnah must follow the opinion of R. Yosi in our
Mishnah that an individual may volunteer as the watchman.
2. They were granted, by the Nevi'im of that time, the
privilege of having their wood used on the day of their
offering even when the Lishkah is full of wood.
(c) [R. Ila] That Mishnah may follow all opinions, since there is no
argument regarding preparatory components of the offerings, only
regarding the offerings themselves.
(d) A Bereisa teaches that a woman may make a white Kesones for the
Avodah, provided that she donates it entirely to the public.
(e) [R. Acha] That Bereisa is R. Yosi (as in b. above).
(f) [R. Ila] It is all opinions (as c. above).
(g) A Bereisa seems to indicate that the Mishnah of the donated wood
does *not* exclusively follow R. Yosi.
1. The Bereisa teaches that (according to Chachamim) the
festival of those donor families continued beyond the
2. R. Yosi maintains that it was only during the period when
offerings were being brought.
3. The Chachamim (and *not only* R. Yosi) accept the principle
of accepting communal offerings from individuals.
(a) The Bereisa teaches (Menachos 83b) that, unlike all other public
and private Korbanos, the Omer must be brought only from Chadash
and only from Eretz Yisrael.
3) PLANTING OMER DURING SHEMITAH
(b) This is the opinion of R. Yishmael, namely, that the Omer may not
be brought from Chutz LaAretz (even from Suria, which has some of
(c) We are taught that in a Bereisa that the Omer, Bikurim and Shtei
HaLechem are brought exclusively from Eretz Yisrael, an
indication of its superior Kedushah.
(d) This, too, is the opinion of R. Yishmael.
(e) R. Yishmael taught that the cutting of the Omer overrides Shabbos
(and is consistent with his opinion that the Omer may not be
brought from Suria, because if it could come from a distance it
would surely have to be done before Shabbos).
(f) In a related point, it is R. Yishmael who holds (in our Mishnah)
that a watchman must guard the (otherwise prohibited) Sefichim in
Eretz Yisrael in order not to bring the Omer from Chutz LaAretz.
(g) [R. Yusa] No, the permission to watch the Sefichim is the opinion
of all, and it was done only as a backup in the event the grain
could not be found in Chutz LaAretz.
(a) Question: Would it be permitted to plant grain during Shemitah to
cover in the even Sefichim could not be found?
4) PAYING THE WATCHMEN
(b) Answer: It must be Asur since it would create a Kometz being
offered where the Shirayim do not become permitted.
(c) Question: But we are asking if the Omer would be like those five
Korbanos which *are* offered but not eaten!
(a) Question: What is the procedure for paying the watchmen?
(b) Answer: There are 4 steps:
1. The funds are borrowed from a Shulchani.
(c) Question: But that can't work (two approaches: 1. because since
the grains are worth much less than the salaries of the watchmen;
or, 2. since so much of the grains is discarded it is not
appropriate to be Mechalel the Kodesh funds on them)!
2. The watchmen are paid in full before the Omer is brought.
3. Funds are then taken from the Lishkah and their Kedushah is
Mechulal on the grains received from the watchmen.
4. Those funds are then given to the Shulchani.
(d) Answer: This was already accounted for in the setting of the
original price for the grain with the watchmen.
(e) The stonecutters received their pay with the same steps (as b.),
with the same concern (as c.) and the same response (as d.).
5) HALACHAH 2: OTHER USES OF THE LISHKAH FUNDS
(a) The funds of the Terumas HaLishkah were used also for:
6) THE THREADS
1. The Parah Adumah.
(b) The Shirayim were used for:
2. The Sa'ir HaMishtaleach.
3. The thread for the Parah Adumah.
1. Both bridges and the thread for the Sa'ir HaMishtaleach.
(c) [Aba Shaul] The bridge for the Parah Adumah was built by the
private funds of the Kohanim Gedolim.
2. The water cistern in the Azarah.
3.. The city walls and all communal needs.
(d) Any Shirayim funds still remaining after the above:
1. They were used to purchase wine and Soles.
(e) Any funds remaining in the Kupos when the next Terumah must be
taken were used to goldplate the floor and walls of the Kodeshei
2. These were sold to anyone needing these Korban ingredients.
3. [R. Yishmael] The proceeds went to Hekdesh.
4. [R. Akiva] One does not do business with Hekdesh, nor with
alms for the poor.
(f) [R. Yishmael] The proceeds (from d. above) were used to keep the
Mizbeach occupied - Kayitz HaMizbeach - while the funds remaining
from the Terumah are used for Kelei Shares.
(g) [R. Akiva] The remaining funds from the *Terumah* are used for
Kayitz HaMizbeach and the surplus Nesachim was used for Kelei
(h) [R. Chananyah] The surplus Nesachim went to Kayitz HaMizbeach and
the remaining Kupah funds went for Kelei Shares.
(i) Both R. Akiva and R. Chananyah agree that there were no proceeds
made from Hekdesh funds.
(a) R. Yishmael taught that there were three threads:
7) OTHER EMPLOYEES AND EXPENSES PAID BY THE TERUMAH
1. The Sa'ir HaMishtaleach (weighing a Sela).
2. The Metzora (a half-Sela [Shekel]).
3. The Parah Adumah (two Sela'im).
4. R. Chunyah gave larger measures.
(a) Various opinions are brought regarding those who received their
salaries from the Terumas HaLishkah.
8) CRITICAL COMPONENTS OF THE BAIS HAMIKDASH
1. The scholars who taught the Kohanim the Avodah.
(b) Other Kodeshim expenses from the Terumah include the Ketores and
all public Korbanos.
2. Those who checked the animals for blemishes.
3. The Magihim who checked the Sefer Torah in the Azarah.
4. The Dayanim for theft cases in Yerushalayim.
5. [Shmuel] The women who wove the Paroches.
(i) [R. Chuna] They were paid from Bedek HaBayis.
(ii) Shmuel considers the Paroches is to be viewed as a Keli
Shares while R. Chuna sees it as part of the building.
(c) The surplus Nesachim paid for the inner (gold, portable) Mizbeach
and all Kelei Shares.
(d) Bedek HaBayis paid for fixed parts of the building (the Mizbeach
HaOlah, Heichal, Azaros).
(e) Beyond the walls of the Bais HaMikdash, expenses were paid from
(f) Question: But we learned that there is Me'ilah by the walls of
(g) Answer: This is the opinion of R. Meir that there is Me'ilah by
(h) Question: But R. Meir only taught his Din during that year!?
(a) There is a dispute regarding which parts of the Bais HaMikdash
must be in order for Avodah to take place:
1. [R. Meir] The Shulchan, Menorah, Mizbechos, Paroches.
(b) Question: But we were taught different criterion (i.e. any
article associated with the word "Nochach" or "Simah" etc.) for
that which is Ma'Akev!?
2. [Chachamim] The Kiyor, its Ken, (or, the Karkov and the
(c) Answer: The other lists are for that which is Me'Akev in the
Heichal, while the Karkov and Keren are the only ones Me'Akev in