POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafShekalim 21
1) THE MINCHAH COMING FROM COMMUNAL FUNDS
(a) Question: In one Bereisa we learn that the Minchah coming
from communal funds is d'Oreisa, and our Mishnah teaches
that it is a condition of Beis Din!?
2) WHOLE OR HALF PARTS OF THE MINCHAH FOR A DECEASED KOHEN
(b) Answer: D'Oreisa it comes from the Tzibur, and the condition
was to allow the funds of the Terumas HaLishka to be used.
(a) Question: Is the Minchah in such a case whole in both the
morning and evening (two Esronim) or only in the morning?
3) ME'ILAH BY THE EIFER HAPARAH
(b) Answer: Both must be whole.
(c) Question: What about the three Lugin of oil?
1. The Levonah, too, was a question of R. Yochanan.
(d) Answer: Since the Kometz is derived from the Lechem HaPanim,
it requires two full Komatzim.
2. Is it a full Kometz with each Isaron, or half?
1. Once we learn the Kometz from Lechem HaPanim, we should
do the same for the three Lugin of oil!
2. And the ultimate source for the three Lugin is Minchas
3. We should require three full Lugin.
(a) Question: The Mishnah implies that M'd'Oreisa there *is*
Me'ilah (and the condition of Beis Din removed it), yet the
Bereisa teaches that M'd'Oreisa there is *no* Me'ilah!?
4) THE FOUND KININ
(b) Answer: There is no Me'ilah.
1. People were treating the Eifer lightly.
2. Chazal made their Gezeirah (Me'ilah).
3. When the People restored the sanctity of the Parah, the
Gezeirah was removed.
(a) Question: How can the woman be confident that her Kinin were
Hadran Alach Maos Shenimtzeu
(b) Answer: It was a condition of Beis Din with the providers of
*****PEREK KOL HAROKIN*****
1) ROK, UTENSILS AND KNIVES
(a) (R. Meir) All spittle in Yerushalayim is Tahor, with the
exception of the upper market.
(b) (R. Yosi) Throughout the year all spittle in the middle of
the road is Tamei, while that on the edge of the road is
1. During the Regalim, that in the middle is Tahor and on
the edges is Tamei.
(c) (R. Meir) Utensils found on the down staircases to a Mikveh
are presumed Tamei; on the up staircases they are Tahor.
2. The minority always ends up at the edges.
(d) (R. Yosi) They are all Tehorim except for the utensils used
specifically for graves.
(e) Knives found on the 14th may be used for Shechitah; on the
13th they must be immersed.
(f) A butchering knife must always be immersed.
(g) If the 14th was Shabbos, one may do Shechitah with the
(h) If the Kupitz was found on the 15th, he may use it for
2) THE PROHIBITION OF THE UPPER MARKET
(i) If it was tied to a Shechitah knife, it follows the knife.
(a) (R. Avin citing R. Yehoshua b. Levi) Gentiles were there.
3) HOW MUCH BLOOD OF A NEVEILAH IS METAMEI?
(b) (R. Chaninah) The gentiles would kill wild donkeys there.
1. It was reported that gentiles were killing in the
2. The pilgrims feet were sunk in the blood.
3. The Rabbis did not indicate that they were Tamei.
(a) [R. Simon citing R. Yehoshua b. Levi] A donkey of Rebbi
died, and they determined the blood which came out of it to
4) SPITTLE IS TAHOR EXCEPTING THE UPPER MARKET
(b) R. Eliezer asked R. Simon until how much blood is Tahor?
(c) R. Simon did not acknowledge his question.
(d) R. Eliezer then asked R. Yehoshua b. Levi who responded
until a Revi'is.
(e) R. Simon's lack of response bothered R. Eliezer.
(f) When questioned regarding the status of more than a Revi'is,
R. Bibi (seemingly in anger) would not acknowledge the
(g) When asked why he refused the question, he said that his
poverty (having to buy bread from the baker) caused him to
be unsettled and thus unable to properly respond.
(h) Question: And what, indeed, is the Halachah regarding a
Revi'is of blood from a Neveilah?
(i) Answer [R. Yehoshua b. Pesura testified]: It is Tahor.
(j) Rebuttal: No, it is not a Machshir, but it is Metamei.
(k) Question: But we were taught in a Mishnah that only the
blood of a Sheretz has this quality (Tamei but not
(l) Answer: Its uniqueness is its *amount* (the measure for its
blood being equal to the measure of its flesh - KeAdashah)
not the quality of Tamei but not Machshir.
(m) [R. Yosi] There is a Machlokes Amoraim regarding the blood
of a Neveilah (one says Tamei and one says Tahor).
1. The one who says Tamei aligns with R. Yehudah.
(n) [R. Avduma] It is correct to say that R. Yehudah maintains
that the blood of Neveilah is Tamei since he was the Posek
in the house of Rebbi (and he said that more than a Revi'is
2. The one who says Tahor aligns with R. Yehoshua b.
(a) Question: Why was there a Gezeirah on the upper market?
5) THE MIDDLE OF THE ROAD AND THE FRINGES
(b) Answer: On account of the presence of gentiles there.
(a) The majority (Tamei) would walk in the center of the road
throughout the year and the Tehorim (on the edges) would
warn the Temei'im to be careful.
6) ALL UTENSILS ARE TAMEI ON THE DOWN STAIRCASE
(b) On the Regalim it was the opposite.
(a) Question: But we were taught that there was no Gezeirah on
Kelim in Yerushalayim!?
7) THE BURIAL UTENSILS
(b) Answer: If they are found on the down staircase, it is
(a) Aba Shaul called them Tziporin (not Merutzim).
8) A KUPITZ TIED TO A KNIFE IS LIKE THE KNIFE
(b) The Gemara cites reasons for each name.
(a) A Bereisa teaches that the knife follows the Kupitz.
9) HALACHAH 2: THE PAROCHOS
(a) If a Paroches became Tamei d'Rabanan it is immersed within
the Azarah and immediately rehung.
10) TWENTY FOUR PLY THREADS
(b) If it contacted an Av HaTumah, it was removed from the
Azarah for immersion, and spread out in the Chayil until
(c) A new Paroches would be spread out on the roofs of Har
HaBayis (for all to see, admire and be inspired to donate).
(d) The dimensions of the Paroches are listed.
(e) Each thread was woven of 24 individual threads.
(f) Its number (of threads, or weavers, or value) is given.
(g) Two a year were made, and it took 300 Kohanim to immerse it.
(a) Based on the Pasuk (Shemos 26:31) the Gemara derives that
the threads were 24 strands, 32 strands or 48 strands.
11) ROKEM OR CHOSHEV
(a) Question: One Pasuk says Rokem, and one Choshev.
12) HUGE NUMBERS OF THREADS AND CARRIERS
(b) Answer: Rokem is on one face, Choshev is on two.
(c) There is a dispute regarding the images on the faces.
1. Rokem- A lion on one side and smooth on the other;
Choshev- A lion on each side.
2. Rokem- A lion on each side; Choshev- a lion on one side
and an eagle on the other.
(a) (R. Yitzhok citing Shmuel) These are exaggerations, similar
to the Mizbeach having 300 Kor of ashes.