REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafShekalim 6
SHEKALIM 6-8 (1-3 Teves) - the Dafyomi study for the last days of Chanukah
and 3 Teves has been dedicated to the memory of Hagaon Rav Yisrael Zev
Gustman ZaTZaL (author of "Kuntresei Shiurim") and his wife (on her
Yahrzeit), by a student who merited to study under him.
(a) According to Beis Shamai, if someone designated the money he set aside
Perutah by Perutah, for his Half-Shekel, any excess money goes to Nedavah.
What is Nedavah? What is Beis Shamai's reason?
(b) What do Beis Hillel hold?
(c) In which case will ...
(d) What will be the Din if he said 'she'Avi Meihen Chatasi'?
- ...Beis Shamai agree that the money remains Chulin?
- ... Beis Hillel agree that the money goes to Nedavah?
(a) What reason does Rebbi Shimon give for Beis Hillel's distinction between
'Eilu le'Shikli' and 'Eilu le'Chatasi'?
(b) Rebbi Yehudah disagrees. The Shekel is not fixed, he argues, and he goes
on to prove it from the various occasions when they changed the amount to
Darchonos, Sela'im and Teva'im.
How much is ...
(c) Why did Chazal not permit changing to a Dinar?
- ... a Darchon?
- ... a Teva?
(d) And how does Rebbi Shimon counter Rebbi Yehudah's argument?
(a) According to Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina quoting Rebbi Elazar, Beis
Shamai and Beis Hillel argue specifically by someone who is saving his
Shekel, Perutah by Perutah, but if he says on a pile of money 'Eilu
le'Shikli', then even Beis Hillel will agree that the money goes to Nedavah.
How do Rebbi Chiya and Rebbi Bibi quote Rebbi Elazar?
(b) Rav Bibi establishes Rebbi Shimon in our Mishnah (who says that by 'Eilu
le'Shikli' the Mosar is Chulin - by a pile money according to everyone.
How does Rebbi Yossi establish Rebbi Shimon?
(a) What will be the Din if someone designates a half-Shekel on the
understanding that he is Chayav, and it turns out that he is Patur? Is the
(b) The Gemara asks what the Din will be if someone designates two half-
Shekalim thinking that he is Chayav *two*, but it turns out that he is only
Chayav *one*. The Sha'leh is resolved from a Beraisa regarding a similar
case of someone who is Chayav a Chatas.
What does the Beraisa say?
(c) On what grounds does the Gemara reject this proof? What is the Gemara's
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Nechemyah "*ve'He'emadnu* Aleinu
Mitzvah Lases Shelishis ha'Shekel ba'Shanah l'Avodas Beis Elokeinu" (see
Tiklin Chadtin's explanation to this Sugya)?
(b) And what do we learn from the fact that the Pasuk uses the Lashon
"Shelishis ha'Shekel" (instead of 'Sh'lish')?
(c) What lesson in communal ethics do Chazal derive from here?
(d) They would draw money *three* times annually from the Lishkah, using
How much did each box contain and what is the source for
all these threes?
(a) What is the connection between the fact that they sinned at mid-day,
that that is the equivalent of six hours, and the Machtzis-ha'Shekel?
Answers to questions
(b) Nor is it a coincidence that a Shekel equals twenty Geirah.
the significance of that?
(c) And why must every firstborn be redeemed for twenty Dinrim?
(d) What is the connection between the sale of Yosef and the half-Shekel?
(a) What happens to the excess of half a Shekel if someone says concerning a
handful of money 'Eilu le'Shikli'?
(b) Which principle governs the fact that Mosar Kinei Zavin ve'Zavos,
ve'Yoldos, Chata'os and Ashamos, all go to Nedavah?
(c) What happens to ...
(d) What is the difference between Mosar Nezirim and Mosar Nazir?
- ... Mosar Olah?
- ... Mosar Minchah?
- ... Mosar Shelamim?
- ... Mosar ha'Pesach?
(a) When Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina visited Bavel, he heard Rav Yehudah ask
Shmuel what would happen to the half-Shekel of someone who designated his
coin and then died. What was Shmuel's reply?
(b) 'Mosar Asiris ha'Eifah, Kinei Zavin ve'Zavos, Mosar Kinei Yoldos,
Chata'os va'Ashamos Nedavah'. This appears to corroborate the opinion of
Rebbi Elazar, who holds that the Mosar Asiris ha'Eifah of the Kohen Gadol
(the Chavitei Kohen Gadol) goes to Nedavah.
What does Rebbi Yochanan say
with regard to the Mosar Asiris ha'Eifah of the Kohen Gadol?
(c) How does Rebbi Yochanan then explain the Beraisa?
(d) What is the basic difference between the Minchas Chavitin and the
Minchas Chotei in this regard?
(a) Aba bar Ba wanted to know from where we know that Mosar ha'Pesach is
brought as a Shelamim.
Who was Aba bar Ba?
(b) We learn it from the Pasuk in Vayikra "ve'Im min ha'Tzon Korbano
le'Zevach Korbano" (written by Shelamim).
How do we know that that is not
speaking about ...
(c) How do we learn this from *"min* ha'Tzon"?
- ... a Pesach in its time?
- ... a Mosar Olah?
- ... a Mosar Asham?
(d) The Gemara asks why we do not make a similar Derashah on a Pasuk written
by Olah "ve'Im min ha'Tzon Korbano, min ha'Kevasim ... le'Olah". For which
two reasons is it more logical to say that Mosar Pesach should be brought as
a *Shelamim* than as an *Olah*?
(a) What is the problem with the above Derashah?
(b) According to the Gemara's conclusion, we learn the above, not from "min
ha'Tzon", but from the word "ha'Tzon" which implies form *all* kinds of Tzon
(i.e. sheep and goats).
What do we then learn from "Min"?
(a) Rebbi Yochanan disagrees with Rebbi Chanina, who says that a Pesach is
only brought as a Shelamim if one specifically Shechted it as such, but not
if he Shechted it as an Olah.
What does *he* learn from the Pasuk in
Vayikra "Im min ha'Tzon Korbano le'Zevach Shelamim"?
(b) The Gemara asks whether if the Kohen Shechted the Mosar ha'Pesach with a
Machsheves Pesul of an Olah, it will be Pasul even as a Shelamim. Why does
the Gemara initially think that the Sha'lah cannot be with regard to someone
who Shechted it as an Olah, having in mind to sprinkle its blood tomorrow?
(c) How does the Gemara repudiate this objection (see Tiklin Chadtin)?
(d) What is the Gemara's conclusion?
(a) They asked what the Din will be if, after Pesach, someone Shechted the
Pesach Lishemo and she'Lo Lishemo.
Answers to questions
What is the Sha'leh (See Tiklin
(b) What does the Gemara answer?
(c) According to this, is there any reason why, if one Shechted a Mosar
Pesach Lishemo in order to sprinkle the blood the following day, it should
(d) What causes the Gemara to retract from the decision (in b)?