POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Sotah 39
1) CONDUCT IN A SYNAGOGUE
(a) If one intended to sprinkle in front, and it landed on
something in front to the side, it is valid.
(b) (Rabah bar Rav Huna): Once the Sefer Torah is opened, it
is forbidden to talk, even laws of Torah - "In its
opening, all the people stood".
1. 'Standing' connotes silence.
(c) (R. Yehoshua ben Levi): A Kohen that did not wash his
hands may not bless - "Lift your hands in sanctity and
(d) (R. Elazar ben Shamu'ah): I merited a long life through
1. I never used a synagogue as a shortcut;
(e) Question: What blessing did he make?
2. I never appeared to step on the heads of the
3. I never gave Birkas Kohanim without blessing
(f) Answer (R. Zeira): "That sanctified us with the sanctity
of Aharon, and commanded us to bless his nation Yisrael
(g) Question: What would R. Elazar say when he ascended to
(h) Answer: "May it be your will, Hash-m, that there should
be no stumbling block or sin in this blessing you
commanded us to bless Yisrael.
(i) Question: What would R. Elazar say after blessing?
(j) Answer (Rav Chisda): "Master of the world - we did as you
decreed upon us, do with us as you promised - "Look down
from your holy dwelling..."
2) THE ORDER OF THE BLESSING
(a) (Rav Chisda): The Kohanim may not bend their fingers
until they face away from the congregation (after
3) LAWS OF READING THE TORAH
(b) (R. Zeira): The reader (the one who recites the words for
the Kohanim to repeat) may not recite until the
congregation finishes answering Amen (to the Chazan's
blessing of Modim);
1. The Kohanim may not bless until the reader finishes;
(c) (R. Zeira): The Kohanim may not turn away from the
congregation (after the blessing) until the Chazan begins
2. The congregation may not answer Amen (to Birkas
Kohanim) until the Kohanim finish each blessing;
3. The Kohanim may not begin the next blessing until
the congregation finishes answering Amen from the
1. They may not start returning to their places until
the Chazan finishes Sim Shalom.
(a) (R. Zeira): The congregation may not answer Amen until
the one called to read the Torah finishes his blessing;
4) VERSES SAID DURING BIRKAS KOHANIM
1. He may not begin reading until the congregation
finishes answering Amen;
(b) (R. Tanchum): The one called to read from the prophets
must first read from the Torah.
2. The translator may not translate until the reader
finishes the verse.
3. The reader may not read the next verse until the
translator finishes the previous verse.
1. He may not begin reading from the prophets until the
Torah is wrapped.
(c) (R. Tanchum): The Chazan may not take the coverings off
the Aron during the service, for it is improper to make
the congregation wait.
(d) (R. Tanchum): The congregation may not leave until the
Torah is taken (to be removed);
1. (Shmuel): They must wait until it is removed.
2. They do not argue on each other - R. Tanchum's law
applies when there is more than 1 exit; Shmuel's law
applies when there is only 1 exit.
3. (Rava): Bar Ahina explained the source of Shmuel's
law: "You will go after Hash-m".
(a) (R. Zeira): When the Kohanim bless, the congregation says
"Bless Hash-m, mighty angels..."; "Bless Hash-m, all
legions that do His will"; "Bless Hash-m, all His
creations, in all places of His dominion ..."
(b) (Rav Asi): When Kohanim bless at the Musaf prayer on
Shabbos, the congregation says "A song of the steps:
Bless Hash-m, all servants of Hash-m"; "Lift your hands
in sanctity and bless Hash-m"; "Blessed is Hash-m from
Tziyon, He dwells in Yerushalayim..."
(c) Question: Why not say "Hash-m will bless you from
Tziyon", which is in the same psalm as the 1st 2 verses?
(d) Answer (Yehudah, son of R. Shimon ben Pazi): Since the
1st verses are blessings to Hash-m, we conclude with a
blessing to Hash-m.
(e) (Rav Acha bar Yakov): At the afternoon prayer on a fast
day, the congregation says "If our sins incriminate us,
Hash-m, act (mercifully) for the sake of Your name"; "The
Mikveh of Yisrael, that saves them at the time of their
distress - why will You be as a stranger in the land?";
"Why will You be as a man befuddled and oblivious, as a
mighty one that cannot save?"