POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafSukah 34
(a) (R. Zeira) The source for invalidating the Tzaftzafah
is the Pasuk in Yechezkel (17:5).
2) CHANGING NAMES
1. The People are accused of changing from being
rooted in great waters to being a Tzaftzafah.
(b) Question (Abaye): Perhaps the Pasuk is only explaining
what is meant by the great waters (Tzaftzafah)?
2. This indicates that the Tzaftzafah is not water-
(c) Answer: The implication of Samo is that they became
other (worse) than what they were (as R. Avahu read
into the Pasuk).
(d) Alternate rendition of the above: The Tana cited this
Pasuk to explain the exclusion of Tzaftzafah, leading
to R. Zeira asking Abaye's question and R. Avahu's
rendition of the Pasuk.
(e) Question: What is Aravah and what is Tzaftzafah?
(f) Answer: The stem of the Aravah is red, its leaves are
long and its mouth (the outer ridge of the leaf) is
smooth, unlike the Tzaftzafah.
(g) Question: But we have learned that an Aravah with
ridges is Kosher!?
(h) Answer (Abaye): The Beraisa permits the sickle-edged
Aravah known as Chilfa Gila.
(i) (Abaye) We may infer that Chilfa Gila is a Kosher
(j) Question: Is that not obvious, given that it is an
(k) Answer: We might have invalidated it due to its
(l) Question: Perhaps, indeed, it is invalid?
(m) Answer: Arvei Nachal implies many types of Aravah.
(a) (R. Chisda) Three pairs of items have switched their
names since the Churban, each carrying an implication
(b) R. Yosef added a fourth, with implication for Gittin.
3) THE NUMBER OF EACH MIN
(a) (R. Yishmael) One must take three Hadasim, two Aravos,
one Lulav and one Esrog.
4) THE SOURCES FOR THE POSITIONS IN THE MISHNAH
(b) At least one Hadas must not being Katum.
(c) (R. Tarfon) All the Hadasim may be Ketumim.
(d) (R. Akiva) Only one Hadas is required.
(a) The Beraisa provides the source for R. Yishmael's
requirements, and follows with R. Tarfon's and R.
Akiva's requirements regarding the Hadas.
(b) (R. Eliezer) The Esrog need not be bound together with
the other three Minim, owing to the absence of the
connecting Vav in the Pasuk.
(c) The absence of any of the Minim is Me'akev, as learned
(d) Question: On what basis does R. Yishmael only require
*one* Hadas to be non-Katum (either they all must be,
or none need be)!?
(e) Answer (Birah citing R. Ami): R. Yishmael retracted his
requirement of three Hadasim, requiring only one, which
must be whole.
(f) (R. Yehudah citing Shmuel) The Halachah follows R.
Tarfon (consistent with Shmuel's threat to the Hadasim
merchants against their price gouging).
(g) Question: If Shmuel wanted to follow a lenient view,
why didn't he threaten to teach the Halachah like R.
Akiva (requiring only one Hadas)?
(h) Answer: It is easier to find three cut Hadasim than one
(a) The Pesulim include an Esrog which is stolen, dried
out, from an Asheirah and Ir HaNidachas, from Terumah
Temeiah (but Terumah Tehorah, while it should not be
used, is Kosher).
(b) An Esrog of Demai is a Machlokes whether it may (Beis
Hillel) or may not (Beis Shamai) be used.
(c) Ma'aser Sheni in Yerushalayim while it should not be
used, is Kosher.
(d) An Esrog is Pasul if most of the face of the Esrog
developed s type of bubbling called Chazazis, or if its
Pitom or peel came off, if it developed a crack or is
missing any part.
(e) If the Chazazis only covers a minority of the Esrog, or
the Oketz came off, or it has a whole without anything
missing it is Kosher.
(f) A black Esrog is Pasul.
(g) A green (like Karsi) Esrog is a Machlokes whether it is
Kosher (R. Meir) or not (R. Yehudah).
(h) The minimum size of an Esrog is a Machlokes R. Meir
(like a nut) and R. Yehudah (like an egg).
(i) The maximum size is a machlokes R. Yehudah (must be
able to hold two such Esrogim in one hand) and R. Yosi
(even so large as to need to hands to hold it).