POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafSukah 40
SUKA 36-56 (End of Maseches) have been dedicated by the wife and daughters
of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of
Queens N.Y. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will
long be remembered.
1) THE SHEMITAH STATUS OF AN ESROG (cont'd)
(a) Question: But even those (R. Gamliel and R. Eliezer)
who argue about the dating of the Ma'aser status of an
Esrog, agree that its Shemitah status is determined by
its budding, not its picking!?
2) LULAV OF SHEMITAH
(b) Answer: Our Tana (who singles out the Esrog) holds like
the Rabanan who argue with Avtulmus in the Beraisa.
1. R. Yosi cites Avtulmus who testified that an Esrog
follows its date of picking.
2. The Rabanan voted that its date is the same for
Ma'aser and Shemitah.
3. Question: Who introduced Shemitah into this
4. Answer: The emended version of Avtulmus' testimony
reads that an Esrog follows picking for Ma'aser
and budding for Shemitah.
5. It was regarding that statement that the Rabanan
voted to view the picking as the date for both
Ma'aser and Shemitah.
(a) Question: A Lulav should not have Kedushas Shevi'is!?
3) KEDUSHAS SHEVI'IS OF FIREWOOD
1. We implied before that it only does not have
Kedushas Shevi'is because it is from the sixth
(b) Answer: Wood is only excluded from Kedushas Shevi'is
when it is being used for the coals it produces, such
that its benefit is not realized as the time it is
2. But it should be like wood (which does not have
Kedushas Shevi'is, as taught in the Beraisa), not
(c) Question: But there is are oil-trees which may be lit
as torches (the benefit being realized as it is
(d) Answer (Rava): That does not change the normal
assumption for wood as firewood.
(a) The assumption that firewood is not subject to Kedushas
Shevi'is is actually a Machlokes Tanaim.
(b) (Tana Kama) Shevi'is wine may be not be used for non-
drinking purposes (soaking, cleaning).
(c) (R. Yosi) It may be used for those purposes.
(d) Question: What is the rationale of the Tana Kama?
(e) Answer: The word l'Achlah limits the use of the
(f) Question: What is the rationale of R. Yosi?
(g) Answer: *Lachem* (l'Achlah) allows all uses.
(h) Question: How will Tana Kama interpret Lachem?
(i) Answer: The permitted uses must be similar to eating
(the benefit being realized as it is consumed, unlike
soaking or washing).
(j) Question: How will R. Yosi interpret l'Achlah?
(k) Answer: To prohibit its use for (non-universal)
medicinal purposes (as derived in the Beraisa).
1. The Beraisa learns the prohibition of using
Shemitah produce for non-universal medicinal
purposes from l'Achlah.
2. Question: Perhaps l'Achlah prohibits using it for
washing or soaking?
3. Answer: Lachem already permits those.
4. Question: Why permit (include) soaking and washing
while prohibiting (exclude) medicinal purposes,
and not the reverse?
4) METHODS FOR REMOVING KEDUSHAS SHEVI'IS
5. It is more likely to include soaking and washing
which are universally needed activities.
(l) Question: Which Tana taught that Shemitah produce may
not be used as medicine, fragrance or to induce
(m) Answer: It must be R. Yosi, since Rabanan would also
prohibit soaking and washing.
(a) (R. Elazar) The Kedushah may only be transferred when
the Shemitah produce is sold (not through Chilul).
(b) (R. Yochanan) Both methods may be used.
1. Question: What is the rationale of R. Elazar?
(c) A Beraisa supports each, R. Elazar and R. Yochanan.
2. Answer: The juxtaposition of Yovel (like Shevi'is)
to redemption through sale.
3. Question: What is the rationale of R. Yochanan?
4. Answer: Yovel is called Kodesh (which is subject
to both forms of redemption).
5. Question: How will R. Yochanan interpret the
juxtaposition of Yovel to redemption through sale?
6. Answer: It teaches the severe consequence of
tampering with the laws of Shemitah (resulting in
a forced sale of one's property and, eventually,
of one's self).
7. Question: How will R. Elazar interpret the Pasuk
calling Yovel Kodesh?
8. Answer: The redemption onto money follows the same
pattern as by redemption of Hekdesh.
1. The Beraisa seems to support R. Elazar because it
discusses the details of redemption always in
terms of Lakach, a sale.
2. The Beraisa supports R. Yochanan in speaking of
i. (R. Meir) The Chilul of Kedushas Shevi'is as
well as Ma'aser Sheni may be made on live or
ii. (Chachamim) Live animals may not be used lest
a person raise the animals instead of
bringing them to Yerushalayim.
iii. (Rava) This Machlokes applies only to male
animals; but all agree that live females may
not be used for Chilul lest he raise them.