POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafSukah 41
SUKA 36-56 (End of Maseches) have been dedicated by the wife and daughters
of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of
Queens N.Y. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will
long be remembered.
1) CHILUL SHEVI'IS
(a) (R. Ashi) R. Elazar and R. Yochanan are only arguing
about Chilul of the actual Shemitah produce (P'ri
Rishon) while the P'ri Sheni can surely be Mechulal by
either means (purchase or Chilul).
2) MISHNAH: WHEN THE LULAV IS TAKEN
1. Question: What of the multiple references to
Lakach in the Beraisa?
(b) Question: But the Beraisa requires a person with
Shevi'is coins (which must be P'ri Sheni) to redeem
them only through a purchase (but not by Chilul)!?
2. Answer: They are only to be consistent with the
Reisha (regarding P'ri Rishon).
(c) Answer (R. Ashi): Rather, the Machlokes is by P'ri
Sheni, whereas P'ri Rishon must only be through
1. Question: What of the Beraisa which teaches that
Shevi'is and Ma'aser Sheni may be Mechulal on an
animal (like R. Yochanan that Shevi'is produce may
be redeemed through Chilul)!?
2. Answer: Shevi'is means *funds* of Shevi'is.
3. If the Shevi'is were referring to actual produce,
then Ma'aser Sheni would also mean actual produce,
which, we know, may only be Mechulal onto coins.
(a) During the Z'man HaBayis the Lulav was taken all seven
days, while outside it is taken only on the first day.
3) ZECHER L'MIKDASH
(b) After the Churban, R. Yochanan b. Zakai instituted that
it is taken all seven days Zecher l'Mikdash.
(c) Another Zecher l'Mikdash is the prohibition of Chadash
for all of the 16th of Nisan.
(a) Question: What is the source for making a Zecher
4) CHADASH ON THE 16TH OF NISAN
(b) Answer (R. Yochanan): The Navi complains that none are
"Doresh" the memory of the Mikdash.
(a) Question: Why is the 16th prohibited?
(b) Answer: Lest an error be made when the Bais HaMikdash
is built (if the previous year it became permitted in
the morning, they might not realize that the Omer is
now the Matir for Chadash, not the dawning day).
(c) Question: Whenever the Mikdash will be built, it will
not be prohibited later than midday on the 16th!?
(d) Answer: Our concern is in the case where the Mikdash is
built on the night of the 16th, resulting in a delay in
the bringing of the Omer until late on the 16th.
(e) Answer (R. Nachman b. Yitzhok): R. Yochanan b. Zakai's
concern was because he anticipated the opinion of R.
Yehudah who holds that mi'd'Oreisa Chadash is
prohibited the entire 16th.
5) MISHNAH: LULAV ON SHABBOS
1. R. Yehudah learns this from the words Ad Etzem.
(f) Question: But we find that R. Yehudah states his
position as *juxtaposed* to that of R. Yochanan,
implying that he argues!?
2. Ad includes the day itself.
(g) Answer: R. Yehudah misunderstood the position of R.
Yochanan b. Zakai (erroneously defining 'Hiskin' as
meaning that the prohibition is d'Rabanan only).
(h) Question: But the Mishnah does say Hiskin!?
(i) Answer: It means that he then taught the proper
interpretation of the Pasuk.
(a) When the first YomTov falls on Shabbos the people must
bring their Lulavim before Shabbos.
6) ONE'S OWN LULAV
(b) The next day each one must make sure to take his own,
since the Chachamim taught that one may only be Yotze
with his own.
(c) The rest of the week on may be Yotze with a borrowed
(d) (R. Yosi) If one accidentally carried his Lulav on the
first YomTov he is Patur from a Chatas because he was
engrossed in the performance of a Mitzvah.
(a) Question: What is the source for this requirement?
7) ACTIVITIES PERFORMED WITH LULAV IN HAND
(b) Answer: The Rabanan interpret Ul'Kachtem Lachem to
exclude a borrowed or stolen Lulav.
1. It may be transferred as a gift.
2. This is seen in the incident of R. Gamliel who
gave his expensive Lulav to the Chachamim who were
with him on board (who then gave it back to him).
3. Question: Why did we need to be taught that they
gave it back to R. Gamliel?
4. Answer: To teach that a gift given on condition of
its return is a valid gift (if subsequently
returned) as we see was Rava's practice.
5. Question: Why do we need to be taught that R.
Gamliel spent 1000 Zuz on his Esrog and Lulav?
6. Answer: To teach us how precious the Mitzvah was
in his eyes.
(a) (Mar b. Ameimar) Father would pray with his Lulav.
(b) Question: But the Beraisa teaches that one must not
hold anything of Kedushah in his hand during Tefilah
(and Shmuel extends this to anything which he would be
afraid to drop)!?
(c) Answer: There is no Mitzvah to hold those items (unlike
the Lulav which thus does not create a distraction).
(d) (Beraisa-R. Elazar b. Tzadok) The custom of the people
of Yerushalayim was to carry the Lulav through every
task with the exception of Nesiyas Kapayim and learning
Torah, due to their love of Mitzvos.