POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafSukah 49
SUKA 36-56 (End of Maseches) have been dedicated by the wife and daughters
of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of
Queens N.Y. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will
long be remembered.
1) THE PRIMORDIAL OPENINGS BENEATH THE MIZBEACH
(a) (Rabah b.b. Chanah citing R. Yochanan) These openings
[Shitin] originate in the six days of Creation (proof
text which is further expounded to teach that the
openings go down to the depths, HaShem's Handiwork).
2) BURNING THE USED WINE
(b) This is supported by Tana d'vei R. Yishmael from the
word Bereishis, and by R. Yosi in the Beraisa
(expounding the Pasuk in Yeshayah 5).
(a) (R. Elazar b. Tzadok) There was an opening (Lul) on the
western side of the Mizbeach, between the Kevesh and
the Mizbeach into which the wine dripped (not going to
(b) Once in 70 years the young Kohanim would bring up the
coagulated wine which was burnt (Isur Hana'ah), as
learned from BaKodesh Hasech Nesech Shechar LaShem.
(c) Question: How does this Pasuk imply that the wine
remaining in the Shitin must be burnt?
3) FILLING UP FROM WINE
(d) Answer (Ravina): The work Kodesh links the Nisuch to
(e) Question: Who, then, is the author of the teaching that
Nesachim only have Me'ilah prior to Nisuch but not
1. Answer: It is R. Elazar b. Tzadok (since,
according to Rabanan, the wine went down to the
depths and was not around to be burned!).
2. Answer: It could even be Rabanan, speaking where
it happened that the wine was caught in a Keli
before it could descend.
3. Alternate Question: It seems that this teaching is
Rabanan since, according to R. Elazar b. Tzadok it
must be burned while this Mishnah teaches that
there is no Me'ilah after its use!?
4. Answer: It could even be R. Elazar, since nothing
could have Me'ilah after its Mitzvah has been done
(and the burning is not m'Ikar HaMitzvah).
(a) (Resh Lakish) The Shitin were plugged up during the
Nisuch so that the "throat" of the Mizbeach should
appear full (as the Pasuk BaKodesh Hasech implies).
(b) Question: How is this learned from BaKodesh Hasech?
(c) Answer (R. Papa): The word Shechar implies fullness.
(d) (R. Papa) The satisfaction from wine comes from the
throat (not the stomach).
(e) (Rava) A Talmid Chacham who does not have much wine
should drink the little that he has in large gulps, to
derive satisfaction therefrom (Rava would thus enhance
his experience from a Kos Shel Berachah).
(a) (Rava) The Pasuk Mah Yafu Pa'amayich Bas Nadiv refers
to Bnei Yisrael, the nation of Avraham Avinu, the Nadiv
(the first to generously give himself to become a Jew),
who would come for Aliyas Regel.
(b) (Bei R. Anan) Words of Torah are called a Yerech since
they are learned in private, not in public.
(c) This is supported by R. Elazar who taught the Kav
VaChomer that private matters (in this case Tzedakah,
but readily applicable to Torah study) should certainly
be conducted modestly.
(d) R. Elazar taught the following five Derashos:
1. Tzedakah is greater than offering Korbanos (proof
2. Gemilus Chasadim is greater than Tzedakah (proof
text, since reaping is greater than planting).
3. The merit of Tzedakah is not the amount given, but
the Chesed involved in troubling oneself to give
properly (proof text).
i. (Beraisa) Three ways in which Gemilus Chesed
is greater than Tzedakah.
4. One who does Tzedakah and Mishpat fills the world
with Chesed (proof text).
ii. It is done with both body and funds, it is
done for rich and poor, to the living and to
i. Not all who give Tzedakah merit to give it to
worthy recipients (proof text).
5. Toras Chesed refers to Torah Lishmah (alternately
it refers to Torah studied in order to teach it).
ii. A Yarei Shamayim is assured that his Tzedakah
will go to worthy recipients (proof text).
iii. (R Chama b. Papa) Whomever has Chen is surely
a Yarei Shamayim (same proof text).