POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafSukah 52
SUKA 36-56 (End of Maseches) have been dedicated by the wife and daughters
of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of
Queens N.Y. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will
long be remembered.
1) THE FUTURE EULOGY IN ZECHARIAH
(a) Question: What death are the people mourning?
2) THE YETZER HARA
(b) Answer (Machlokes R. Dosa and Rabanan): Mashiach ben
Yosef or the Yetzer Hara.
(c) Question: What is there to weep over the death of the
(d) Answer: As R. Yehudah expounded, the Tzadikim will cry
in disbelief that they overcame this mountain while the
Reshaim will cry in their dismay over not overcoming
this tiny force.
(e) HaShem will be amazed with them (proof text).
(a) (R. Asi) The Yetzer Hara appears first as a gossamer
thread and ends up as the rope for oxen (proof text).
1. Mashiach ben Dovid is allowed any request of
HaShem (proof text) and asks for life (given the
recent death of Mashiach ben Yosef).
(b) There are seven names for the Yetzer Hara (as listed).
2. HaShem tells him that life has previously been
granted to him (proof text).
(c) The prophecy of Yoel teaches the punishment which will
be meted out to the Yetzer Hara for destroying the
first and second Batei Mikdash and their scholars and
for allowing the nations to oppress Israel
(d) (Abaye) He oppresses the Torah scholars more than
anyone, as in the reported incident wherein Abaye
marvels at the chastity of a young couple in a moment
(e) An elderly person then explained to Abaye that he who
is greater has a greater Yetzer.
(f) (R. Yitzhok) One's Yetzer overwhelms the person daily
(g) (Resh Lakish) It also seeks to kill him daily (proof
text) and if HaShem would not aid the person, the
Yetzer would succeed (proof text).
3) HASHEM'S REMORSE, SO TO SPEAK
(h) (R. Yishmael) When he confronts you, drag the Yetzer to
the Beis HaMedrash where the Torah will cause this
'stone' to crumble or this 'metal' to burst (proof
(i) (R. Shmuel b. Nachmani citing R. Yochanan) The Yetzer
entices the person in this world and then testifies
against him in the next (proof text regarding one who
pampers his servant who later becomes Manon).
1. Question: Whence that Manon means witness?
(j) Question (R. Huna): One Pasuk refers to succumbing to
the Yetzer simply as an error, and one Pasuk speaks of
an internal success in distorting the person.
2. Answer: It means witness in ATB"CH of R. Chiya.
(k) Answer: At first it is an error and in the end it takes
root in the person.
(l) (Rava) The Yetzer appears first as wayfarer, then as a
guest and finally as the Ba'al HaBayis (proof text).
(m) (R. Yochanan) The small part of a man's body when left
hungry is full, and when filled is left hungry (proof
(a) (R. Chana b. Acha citing Bei Rav) HaShem indicated
regret over the creation of Galus, Kasdim, Yishmaelim
and the Yetzer Hara (proof texts).
4) DERASHOS REGARDING ACHARIS HAYAMIM
(b) (R. Yochanan) But for the three Pesukim in which HaShem
"takes blame" for the Yetzer and for correcting its
effect on our hearts, we would have no hope.
(c) R. Papa adds a fourth Pasuk, referring to Acharis
(a) (R. Chana b. Bizna citing R. Shimon Chasida) The four
5) THE YOUNG KOHANIM BRINGING THE OIL ON THE LADDERS
1. Question (R. Sheshes): Then why does the Pasuk
refer to these as scatterers when we know them to
(b) The seven shepherds (Michah 5) are...
2. Answer (R. Chana): Read the end of the Pasuk and
you will see that the scatterers are the nations
whom the four shepherds attack.
3. (R. Sheshes, to himself) It is a losing
proposition to start up with R. Chana in matters
(c) The eight princes are...
(a) Question: Did each young Kohen bring up 120 Lug, or
were they divided 30 Lug by each of four Kohanim?
(b) Answer (Beraisa): 30 Lug each.
(c) (Beraisa) These were even more choice men than the son
of Marsa bas Beisus.
1. The son of Marsa bas Beisus was able to carry two
sides of oxen while walking slowly up the Kevesh.
2. The other Kohanim did not let him carry them alone
in order to fulfil b'Rov Am Hadras Melech.
3. Question: In what way were these Kohanim superior?
i. Answer: They carried heavier burdens.
4. Answer: They carried their load up a ladder, not
up a ramp.
ii. Question: Not heavier than sides of an ox!