POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafSukah 56
SUKA 36-56 (End of Maseches) have been dedicated by the wife and daughters
of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of
Queens N.Y. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will
long be remembered.
1) THE 'EIMUREI REGALIM'
(a) The Eimurim are not distributed, they are burnt!?
2) EQUAL DISTRIBUTION OF THE LECHEM HAPANIM
(b) Answer (R. Chisda): It refers to that which is taught
regarding the Eimurei Regalim (that every Kohen has
equal rights in the Korbanos of the Regalim, and only
of the Regalim).
(a) Question: What is the source for equally dividing the
Lechem HaPanim among all the Mishmaros?
3) SUKAH THEN SHEHECHIYANU OR THE REVERSE
(b) Answer: Chelek k'Chelek teaches that just as they are
equal in the Avodah, they are equal in Achilah.
1. Question: What Achilah is being referred to?
2. Answer: Eating the Korbanos.
3. Question: But that is learned from the Pasuk
LaKohen HaMakriv Osa Lo Sihyeh!?
4. Answer: Rather, Chelek k'Chelek teaches about
allocating the Lechem HaPanim.
5. The Beraisa goes on to exclude other Chovos
(unrelated to the Regel) from equal allocation.
6. Rather, those Korbanos go to the Mishmar of that
week (Mimkarav - that which was bartered between
the Batei Av of the Kohanim, ie. the Mishamaros).
(a) (Rav) Recite Leshev BaSukah, then Shehechiyanu (Z'man).
4) THE SET MISHMAR ALSO RECEIVES THE *OTHER KORBENOS TZIBUR*
(b) (Rabah b.b. Chanah) Z'man then Sukah.
(c) (Rav's rationale) Chiyuv of the day comes first.
(d) (Rabah b.b. Chanah) Tadir takes precedence.
(e) Question: This Machlokes seems to be originally between
Beis Hillel and Beis Shamai!?
1. (Beis Shamai) Sanctification of Shabbos then wine.
(f) Answer (Rav): My position could follow Beis Hillel as
we see that Tadir alone was not enough to place wine
first (he needed another reason).
2. (Beis Hillel) Wine then Yom (Kidush).
3. Two rationales for Beis Shamai:
i. Yom causes the wine to precede the Seudah.
4. Two rationales for Beis Hillel:
ii. The Day is Kodesh (on its own) even before
the wine is introduced.
i. Without wine he could not say Kidush.
5. Rav appears to follow Beis Shamai and Rabah b.b.
Chanah follows Beis Hillel!
ii. Tadir takes precedence.
(g) Answer (Rabah b.b. Chanah): My position could follow
Beis Shamai since the Yom causes the wine, whereas by
Sukah the Z'man is independent, and would be said even
by those who were exempt from Sukah.
(h) Question (on Rav): The Mishnah puts the Tadir ahead of
the Chovas HaYom (Lechem HaPanim [Matzah] is
distributed before the Shtei HaLechem [Chametz])!?
(i) Answer (Rav): It is a Machlokes Tanaim (Aba Shaul says
that the Chametz was given out before the Matzah).
(j) (R. Nachman b.R. Chisda) We recite Z'man and then Sukah
(k) (R. Sheshes b.R. Idi) Sukah then Z'man.
(l) The Halachah is Sukah then Z'man (like Rav).
(a) Question: To what Korbanos does this phrase refer?
5) MISHNAH: EARLY AND LATE MISHMAROS
(b) Answer: Par He'elem Davar and Se'irei Avodah Zarah.
(c) Question: What does the phrase *Makriv Es HaKol* add?
(d) Answer: Kayitz HaMizbeach.
(a) When Shabbos precedes or follows YomTov, all the
Mishmaros share in the Lechem HaPanim of that Shabbos.
6) SHABBOS BEFORE AND AFTER YOMTOV
(b) When a day intervenes, the early or remaining Mishmaros
take only two of the twelve Lechem HaPanim (whereas
normally it is divided six and six between the incoming
and outgoing Mishmaros).
(c) (R. Yehudah) It is normally seven (incoming) and five
(d) The incoming Mishmar receives from the North; outgoing
from the South.
(e) The Mishmar Bilgah always gets from the South; its
Taba'as was sealed (so the animal's head could not be
placed inside) and its window (for storing their
knives) was closed.
(a) Question: What is *before* and *after*?
(b) Answer: Before means the Shabbos following the first
day of YomTov (or Shabbos Chol HaMoed); and after means
the last YomTov follows Shabbos.
(c) Question: But that is the same as Shabbos within the
Chag, which does not teach us anything about the equal
allocation on the Shabbos approaching the Chag!?
(d) Answer: Before must mean the last day of YomTov falls
on Erev Shabbos and after refers to the first day of
YomTov falling after Shabbos.
(e) Question: Why do we institute this equal distribution?
(f) Answer: The Mishmaros must be there (and remain for the
following Shabbos since they cannot travel on YomTov.
7) R. YEHUDAH TEACHES SEVEN AND FIVE
(a) Question: Why the extra two for the incoming Mishmar?
8) THE HIDES OF THE MUSAF KEVASIM ON SHABBOS
(b) Answer: For closing the gates which the outgoing
Mishmar had opened.
(c) Question: Let the outgoing Mishmar tell the incoming
Mishmar to abolish this practice, and rather give six
now and receive six at the end of their week, rather
than take seven now only to lose two at week's end!?
(d) Answer (Abaye): Take the small gourd offered now,
rather than wait for a potentially larger gift later.
(a) (R. Yehudah) These hides are divided equally between
the outgoing and incoming Mishmaros.
9) THE MISHMAR OF BILGAH
(b) Question: But the Beraisa teaches that the outgoing
Mishmar does the morning Tamid and Musaf while the
incoming Mishmar does the afternoon Tamid and the
Bazichin, and there is no mention of the hides!?
(c) Answer: That Tana was not dealing with allocations!
(d) Question (Rava): But even the Beraisa dealing with
allocations (Tana d'vei Shmuel) does not mention the
(e) Answer: This refutes R. Yehudah.
(f) (Beraisa) The incoming Mishmar takes from the North
(the main area, where Kodeshei Kodoshim are
slaughtered) to indicate that they are arriving while
the outgoing Mishmar shows they are leaving by taking
from the South.
(a) (Beraisa) The terrible acts of a daughter of this
Mishmar led to their privileges being revoked.
Hadran Alach HeChalil u'Slika Lah Maseches Sukah!
(b) Others say it was because they would procrastinate in
coming, indicating their disdain for the Avodah.
1. In their absence, Yeshvav took their place.
(c) Question: Why should the whole Mishmar be penalized for
one wayward daughter?
2. Even though neighbors of evil people generally
lose out, in this case they profited.
3. While Bilgah always took from the South, Yeshvav
always received in the North.
(d) Answer (Abaye): This is correct, since a child imitates
(e) Question: Then the whole Mishmar is punished owing to
one set of derelict parents!?
(f) Answer (Abaye): Woe to the evil one and woe to his
neighbor (as we see by the stones of the house of the
Metzora and his neighbor) and weal to the righteous and
to his neighbor (proof text).
On To Beitzah