POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by R. Nosson Slifkin
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafTa'anis 8
1) BLUNTED IRON (cont.)
(a) (Reish Lakish) If a Talmid Chacham is finding his studies
as hard as iron, it is because he hasn't prepared his
2) THE NACHASH
1. The solution is for him to increase his time in
2. He is in all the better a position if he has prepared
his Mishnah properly in the first place.
3. Reish Lakish would prepare his Mishnayos forty times,
paralleling the forty days that Moshe spent learning
the Torah, before going to study under R. Yochanan.
4. R. Ada bar Ahava would prepare his Mishnayos
twenty-four times, paralleling the books of tenach,
before going to study under Rava.
5. (Rava) If a student finds his studies as hard as iron,
it is because his teacher is not treating him well.
i. the solution is for him to amass friends.
ii. He is in all the better a position if his deeds
please his teacher in the first place.
(a) (R. Ami) A Pasuk refers to the Nachash biting because of
Lachash. This means...
3) GOOD QUALITIES
1. If the skies are as rusty as copper (Nechoshes), not
giving rain, it is because there are none who pray
the silent Amidah (Lachash).
i. The solution is to find someone who knows how
to pray it.
2. (Reish Lakish) The Pasuk refers to a future assembly
of all the animals with the snake, where they will
challenge him as to what benefit he receives from
biting others, since he doesn't eat them.
ii. If he prays and is not answered, they should go
to the Chasid of the generation for his
iii. If he prays, is answered, and grows conceited
as a result, he brings anger to the world.
iv. (Rava) If two Talmidei Chachamim in a city do
not cooperate in Halachah, they bring anger to
i. The snake responds that he is like the
slanderer, who also receives no benefit.
(a) (R. Ami) A person's prayer is only heard if he places his
soul in his hands.
1. Question: Shmuel showed that even if prayer is
tutterly insincere, it is answered!
(b) (R. Ami) The rain falls in the merit of those who possess
2. Answer: That is referring to the prayer of a
1. We see how great such people are from the story of the
Chuldah and the well.
(c) (R. Yochanan) Anyone who conducts himself with righteous
precision on earth will receive the same judgment Above
(i.e. strict judging of his sins in order to cleanse
him). (There is a dispute as to which Pasuk this is
2. If someone who places his trust in a Chuldah and a
well succeeds, how much more so someone who places
his trust in Hashem.
(d) (R. Yehoshua b. Levi) Anyone who rejoices in his
suffering brings salvation to the world.
(a) (Reish Lakish) When the Heavens are stopped up from
giving rain, it is like a woman who has labor pains but
cannot give birth.
1. The Torah uses the word Atzirah (stopping up) with
both the Heavens and women.
5) THE GREATNESS OF RAIN
2. The Torah uses the word Leidah (giving birth) with
both the Heavens and women.
(b) (R. Shmuel bar Nachmani) A Pasuk teaches us that if harsh
rain was decreed but Israel repented, it will fall
harmlessly on the mountains or on trees; if good rain was
decreed, it will fall on fields and cisterns etc.
3. The Torah uses the word Pekidah (marking down for
giving birth) with both the Heavens and women.
4. One of these Pesukim refers to a container in the
atmosphere from where the rains come.
1. In his generation there was both famine and plague.
(c) In R. Zeira's generation the government issued decrees
against the Jews, including one that they must not fast.
2. The people said that they can't pray to be saved from
both, so they opted to pray for release from plague.
3. R. Shmuel bar Nachmani told them to pray to be saved
from famine, as Hashem grants sustenance for people
to live (and they will have to be saved from plague
4. We know that we cannot pray for two things from a
Pasuk about praying for one request, implying that
another request was not prayed for.
1. R. Zeira instructed the people to pledge to fast, and
to carry it out when the decree would be revoked.
(d) (R. Yitzchak) Even in years as parched as those of
Eliyahu, rain on Erev Shabbos is a bad sign.
2. He knew to do this from a Pasuk about Daniel's prayer
being answered from when he *decided* to fast.
1. (Rabah bar Shila) The day of rainfall is as harsh
(noisy) as the days of (Beis Din sitting in)
(e) (R. Yitzchak) Sun on Shabbos is charity for the poor.
2. (Ameimar) If it wasn't that we needed the rain, we
would pray that it be cancelled.
(a) (R. Yitzchak) The day of rainfall is so great that even
non-rain-related works are blessed on it.
1. Berachah only occurs in that which is concealed from
the eye (i.e. whose amount is not known).
(b) (R. Yochanan) The day of rainfall is as great as that of
the ingathering of the exiles.
2. (Beraisa) One who enters his granary to measure it
should pray that his work receives blessing; once he
has started to measure it, he blesses Hashem for
sending blessing upon it.
3. If he measured it and said the Berachah afterwards, it
is in vain, as blessing cannot happen to items
measured, only to those things concealed from the
(c) The day of rainfall is so great that even army troops
halt on it.
(d) Rain is withheld because of those who are assigned to
distribute charity in public and fail to do so.