POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Yevamos 8
YEVAMOS 6, 7, 8, 9 (Chanukah) - dedicated by Uri Wolfson and Naftali Wilk in
honor of Rav Mordechai Rabin of Har Nof, a true beacon of Torah and Chesed.
6) WHY THE TORAH HAD TO PROHIBIT YIBUM WITH CLOSE RELATIVES
(a) It is a proper comparison when the deceased brother
married his wife before the surviving brother married her
7) ERVAH IS KNOWN WITHOUT A VERSE
1. Amidst the permission to marry his brother's wife,
he would be allowed to marry his wife's sister (had
the Torah not said Aleha).
(b) Question #1: If the surviving brother married before the
deceased brother, the prohibition of one's wife sister
(c) Question #2: Even when the deceased brother married
before the surviving brother, the comparison is only good
if the deceased brother died before the surviving brother
1. In this case, the widow was permitted in the
(d) Answer: Correct; Aleha is only needed for the case when
the deceased brother married and died before the
surviving brother married.
2. But if the deceased brother died after the surviving
brother, the widow was never permitted!
i. Doesn't Ula admit, if the man had an emission
the night of his 8th day, he may not enter his
thumb into the Temple, since he could not enter
at a time fitting to bring his sacrifice!
(e) Answer #3 (To 3:b, Daf 5B): If Aleha was not written, we
would learn from a Hekesh that all relatives may do
1. (R. Yonah): "All ... we get Kares" - all Arayos are
equated to a brother's wife.
i. (One would think) just as a brother's wife is
permitted (in Yibum), so all relatives are
2. Question (Rav Acha mi'Difti): The Ervah can be
compared to a brother's wife, or to a wife's sister.
Why compare them (above, Daf 3B) to a wife's sister
and not to a brother's wife?
ii. Therefore, it was needed to write Aleha.
3. Answer #1(Ravina): We compare to be stringent,
rather than lenient.
4. Answer #2 (Ravina): The other Arayos have 2
prohibitions (itself, and a brother's wife). It is
better to learn from the wife's sister, which also
has 2 prohibitions, and not from a brother's wife,
which has only one.
(a) Answer #4 (To 3:b, Daf 5B - Rava): We do not need a verse
to say that the Ervah is forbidden - an Asei does not
override a Lav with Kares!
1. Aleha is needed to say that the Tzarah is forbidden.
(b) Question: Do we really not need a verse to teach that the
Ervah is forbidden?
1. (Beraisa): 'This only teaches me her (the Ervah)...'
(c) Answer: This was only said to show the source of the
prohibition of the Tzarah.
(d) Question (Beraisa): 'This only teaches me them (the
Arayos) ... '
(e) Answer: This was only said to show the source of the
prohibition of their Tzaros.
(f) Question (Beraisa - Rebbi): "He will take - her; and will
do Yibum - on her" - to prohibit Tzaros and Arayos.
(g) Answer: It means, the Tzaros of Arayos.
(h) Question: But 2 teachings are used!
1. Suggestion: One teaches about the Ervah, and one
about the Tzarah!
(i) Rejection: No, both come to teach about the Tzarah - one
to prohibit her in the situation of Yibum, and one to
permit her not in the situation of Yibum.
1. Question: How do we know this?
(j) (Rav Ashi): The Mishnah supports Rava.
2. Answer: "He will do Yibum - on her" - she is only
forbidden in the situation of Yibum.
1. It teaches, 15 women exempt their Tzaros - it does
not need to say that the Arayos themselves are
(k) Question: Why doesn't the Ervah require a verse - because
an Asei does not override a Lav with Kares!
1. The same should teach that the Tzarah is also
(l) Answer: (Rav Acha Bar Bivi): Rava said, a verse is not
needed to prohibit the Tzarah - rather, it is needed to
permit the Tzarah when not in the situation of Yibum!
(m) Question: How do we learn this?
8) REBBI'S EXPOUNDING
(n) Answer #!: "Aleha" - she is only prohibited in the
situation of Aleha.
1. Question (Rami Bar Chama): Why not say that the
Ervah herself is permitted not in the situation of
(o) Answer #2 (Rav Huna Bar Tachlifa): One verse says, do not
take a woman upon her sister to be a rival; another says,
to reveal her (singular) Ervah.
2. Answer (Rava): Is it not a Kal v'Chomer - if she is
forbidden in the situation of Yibum, all the moreso
when there is no Mitzvah!
3. Question (Rami Bar Chama): The Tzarah disproves this
Kal v'Chomer - she is forbidden in the situation of
Yibum, and otherwise permitted!
4. Answer (Rava): The Torah wrote "In her lifetime" to
disprove this reasoning - she (the sister of one's
wife) is always prohibited in her (one's wife's)
5. Question: We need this verse to show that she is
permitted after the wife dies!
6. Answer: That is learned from "A woman to her
7. Objection: If it only wrote that, I would think she
is permitted after the wife is divorced!
i. Therefore, it was needed to say "In her
1. Both are forbidden in a situation of Yibum;
elsewhere, the Ervah is forbidden, the Tzarah is
2. Question: Why not say the opposite - in a situation
of Yibum, the Ervah is forbidden, the Tzarah is
permitted; elsewhere, they are both forbidden!
3. Answer: If so, the Torah would have omitted "Aleha".
4. Question (Rav Ashi): How do we know that "Aleha"
comes to say that she is forbidden?
i. Perhaps it comes to say that she is permitted!
5. Answer: If so, where do we establish "to reveal her
ii. "Do not take a woman upon her sister" - both
are forbidden, not in the situation of Yibum;
but by Yibum, both are permitted!
i. In the situation of Yibum, both are permitted!
ii. Not in the situation of Yibum, both are
(a) (Beraisa - Rebbi): "He will take - her; and will do Yibum
- on her" - to prohibit Tzaros and Arayos.
(b) Question #1: Tzaros and Arayos are not mentioned in the
(c) Question #2: We derive Tzaros from Litzror!
(d) Answer (To Question #2): Rebbi uses Litzror for R.
(e) Answer (To Question #1): The Torah said "He will take
*her*" to teach that when they are 2 women to be taken
(Yevamos), and he can take whichever he wants, they are
permitted; if not, both are forbidden.
(f) "He will do Yibum *to her*" - in the situation of Yibum,
the Tzarah is forbidden; elsewhere, she is permitted.
(g) Question: What do Chachamim learn from "He will take
(h) Answer: As R. Yosi Bar Chanina's teaching - that he can
divorce her with a document of divorce and remarry her.
1. "He will do Yibum to her" - against her will.
(i) Question: What does Rebbi learn from Aleha?
2. Rebbi learns R. Yosi Bar Chanina's law from "As a
wife"; he learns that Yibum works against her will
from "Her Yavam will come upon her".
(j) Answer: As in this Beraisa.
(k) (Beraisa): Beis Din must only bring the sacrifice for a
mistaken ruling regarding a Mitzvah punishable by Kares
(intentionally) and Chatas (inadvertently); the same
applies to an anointed Kohen Gadol.