POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Yevamos 48
YEVAMOS 46-50 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
1) CAN ONE BE CONVERTED AGAINST HIS WILL?
(a) (Rava): R. Shimon Ben Elazar learns from "Any slave of a
man, the acquisition of his money".
2) A BEAUTIFUL WOMAN DESIRED IN WAR
1. Question: Can it be, the verse only applies to the
slave of a man, not of a woman?!
(b) (Ula): Chachamim say, just as you cannot circumcise the
son of a free man against his will, you cannot circumcise
a slave against his will.
2. Answer: Rather, a male slave may be circumcised
against his will, but not the son of a (free) man.
(c) Question: What do they learn from "Every slave of a man"?
(d) Answer: Shmuel's law.
1. (Shmuel): One who declares his slave to be
ownerless, the slave goes free, and does not need a
Get Shichrur (document of freedom).
(e) Question (Rav Papa): Chachamim only said their law by a
woman desired in war, since she is not yet commanded in
Mitzvos; by a slave, who is already commanded in Mitzvos,
they would agree that he may be circumcised against his
i. "Every slave of a man" - if a slave has a
master, he is a slave; if not, not.
1. (Beraisa): The law of a convert is as the law of a
slave bought from a Nochri - he must accept the
(f) Question: But the Beraisa (47B) said, the law of a
convert is as the law of a freed slave!
i. We infer, a slave bought from a Yisrael does
not need to accept the Mitzvos!
ii. Suggestion: If the Beraisa is as R. Shimon Ben
Elazar - but he says, even a slave bought from
a Nochri need not accept!
iii. Rather, it is Chachamim - we see, they say that
a slave bought from a Nochri must accept, but
not a slave bought from a Yisrael.
(g) Answer: That was taught regarding immersion.
(a) (Beraisa): "She will shave her head and do her nails" -
R. Eliezer says, she cuts her nails; R. Akiva says, she
lets them grow long.
1. The Torah commanded regarding her head and nails. R.
Eliezer learns, just as she removes (her hair), she
removes her nails;
(b) We can support R. Eliezer's opinion - "Mefiboshes ... did
not do his legs nor his mustache" - "doing" means
2. R. Akiva learns, just as she makes herself repulsive
by the head, also by the nails.
(c) (Beraisa): "She will cry over her father and mother" - R.
Eliezer says, this is literal;
(d) R. Akiva says, this refers to idolatry.
3) A SLAVE THAT REFUSES TO BE CIRCUMCISED
1. "They say to wood, you are my father".
(e) "A month of days" - this is 30 days; R. Shimon Ben Elazar
says, 90 days -"month" is 30, "days" are 30, "after this"
is another 30.
(f) Question (Ravina): We should say, "month" is 30, "days"
are 30, "after this" is another 60!
1. This is left difficult.
(a) (Beraisa - R. Yishma'el): One may keep slaves that refuse
to be circumcised; R. Akiva says, we may not.
4) WHY CONVERTS SUFFER
1. R. Yishma'el: But it says, "The son of your slave
will have rest!" (to be explained shortly)
(b) "And the Ger (sojourner)" - this refers to a Ger Toshav
(a Nochri that keeps his 7 Mitzvos; he may live among us
in Eretz Yisrael).
i. R. Akiva: That refers to one who bought a slave
as Shabbos was entering and did not have time
to circumcise him.
2. Question: All agree that the verse speaks of an
uncircumcised slave - how do we see this from the
3. Answer (Beraisa): "The son of your slave will have
rest" - this refers to an uncircumcised slave.
i. Suggestion: Maybe it refers to a circumcised
ii. Rejection: "In order that your male and female
slave rest as yourself" - this speaks of your
circumcised slave; it must be, the other verse
speaks of your uncircumcised slave.
1. Suggestion: Maybe it refers to a convert?
(c) (R. Yehoshua Ben Levi): One who buys a slave from a
Nochri, and the slave refuses to be circumcised - one may
keep him for 12 months; if he still refuses, he must be
sold to a Nochri.
2. Rejection: "The Ger in your gates" - this refers to
a convert - it must be, the other verse refers to a
1. Rabanan: This is unlike R. Akiva - R. Akiva says, he
may not be kept!
(d) Question (Rav Zvid): If so, when R. Akiva said, the verse
deals with one who bought a slave as Shabbos was starting
- he should have said, a slave that initially agreed to
2. Rav Papa: It may even be as R. Akiva - R. Akiva said
his law by a slave that never agreed to be
circumcised. If he agreed, then retracted, R. Akiva
could agree that we wait 12 months.
(e) Answer: He gave 1 of 2 possible answers.
(f) (Ravin): Which uncircumcised slave may you keep? One that
was bought with intention *not* to be circumcised.
1. Rabanan: This is unlike R. Akiva, for he says, one
may not keep him!
(g) Question (Rav Zvid): If so, when R. Akiva said, the verse
deals with one who bought a slave as Shabbos was starting
- he should have said, a slave bought with intention not
to be circumcised!
2. Rav Papa: It can even be as R. Akiva - he did not
say his law when a stipulation was made.
(h) Counter-question: How will you explain - why didn't he
answer, a slave that agreed to convert and retracted?
1. You must also say, R. Akiva gave 1 of 2 or 3
(i) (Rav Chanina Bar Papi, R. Ami, R. Yitzchak Nafcha): There
was a city in Eretz Yisrael, its slaves did not want to
be circumcised. They kept them for 12 months, then sold
them to Nochrim.
(j) This is as the coming Beraisa.
1. (Beraisa): One who buys a slave from a Nochri, and
he did not agree to be circumcised - one keeps him
for 12 months; if he is still uncircumcised, he is
sold to a Nochri;
2. R. Shimon Ben Elazar says, we do not let him stay in
Eretz Yisrael because he will spoil Taharos.
i. In a city on the border, he may not be kept
even a short time, lest he hear something and
tell his Nochri friend.
(a) (Beraisa - R. Chananya): Converts suffer today because
they did not keep their 7 Noachide Mitzvos;
(b) R. Yosi says, he is as a newborn (and is not punished for
what he did before!); converts suffer because they are
not meticulous in the Mitzvos as Yisrael;
(c) Aba Chanan says, because they serve out of fear, not out
(d) Others say, because they delayed coming under the wings
of the Divine Presence.
(e) (R. Avahu): They learn from "Hash-m will pay your
actions, and your wages will be full from Hash-m (because
you converted quickly)".