POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Yevamos 62
YEVAMOS 55-65 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
1) MOSHE'S DECISIONS
(a) Question: Why don't Beis Hillel learn from Moshe?
2) THE MITZVAH OF HAVING CHILDREN
(b) Answer: It was Moshe's own decision to cease having
1. (Beraisa): Moshe made 3 decisions on his own, and
Hash-m agreed with him: he separated from his wife,
he broke the Tablets, and he added a day (to the
preparation period before the giving of the Torah).
2. Question: Why did he separate from his wife?
3. Answer: He made a Kal v'Chomer - Yisrael, that only
spoke with Hash-m once, were commanded to refrain
from relations beforehand - I, who Hash-m speaks
with at all times, should certainly refrain!
i. Hash-m agreed to this - "Yisrael should return
to their tents, you (Moshe) remain here with
4. Question: Why did he break the Tablets?
5. Answer: He made a Kal v'Chomer - Eating the Pesach
sacrifice is 1 of 613 Mitzvos - the Torah said "Any
apostate may not eat from it" - all the more so, the
entire Torah may not be given to Yisrael, who are
i. Hash-m agreed to this - (Reish Lakish): "That
you broke" - Your strength should be increased
for breaking them.
6. Question: Why did he decide to add a day to the
preparation before the giving of the Torah?
7. Answer: He expounded - "Sanctify today and tomorrow
- today should be as tomorrow.
i. Just as tomorrow includes the night, also today
(the 1st of the days of separation) includes
the night - since the night had already passed,
the 1st day of separation must be tomorrow.
ii. Hash-m agreed to this - He did not put His
presence on Mount Sinai until Shabbos.
(a) (Beraisa): R. Noson says, Beis Shamai say, 2 males and 2
females; Beis Hillel say, a male and a female.
(b) (Rav Huna): According to R. Noson, Beis Shamai learns
from "And she further gave birth to his brother, Hevel" -
Hevel and his sister, Kayin and his sister; and it says,
"Hash-m gave me other seed, in place of Hevel";
1. Chachamim say, Adam was just thanking Hash-m.
(c) (A differing Beraisa): R. Noson says, Beis Shamai say, 1
male and 1 female; Beis Hillel say, a male or a female.
(d) (Rava): According to R. Noson, Beis Hillel learn from
"Not for naught was the world created, (rather) to be
inhabited it was created" - having one child inhabits the
(e) A Nochri had children, then converted - R. Yochanan says,
he has fulfilled Piryah v'Rivyah (the Mitzvah to have
children), Reish Lakish says, he has not fulfilled it.
1. R. Yochanan says, he has fulfilled Piryah v'Rivyah -
he had children!
(f) A Nochri had children, then converted - R. Yochanan says,
his first son born after conversion is not considered a
firstborn, for he has previous sons;
2. Reish Lakish says, he has not fulfilled it - a
convert is as a newborn.
3. This is as they argued elsewhere.
Reish Lakish says, he is considered a firstborn, since a firstborn
Nochri has no special law of inheritance.
(g) It was necessary for R. Yochanan and Reish Lakish to
argue in both cases.
1. If they only argued in the 1st case - one would say,
R. Yochanan only argued there, because Piryah
v'Rivyah also applies to Nochrim; but regarding
inheritance, he would admit to Reish Lakish;
(h) A man had children, and they died. (Rav Huna): He has
fulfilled Piryah v'Rivyah; R. Yochanan says, he has not.
2. If they only argued in the 2nd case - one would say,
Reish Lakish only argued there, but regarding Piryah
v'Rivyah, he would admit to R. Yochanan.
3. Question (R. Yochanan): "Bradach Bladan Ben Bladan
..." (we see, their children are considered
4. Answer: (Reish Lakish): While they are Nochrim, they
have lineage; when they convert, they lose it.
5. (Rav): All agree that a slave has no lineage - "Stay
here with the donkey" - the nation (of slaves)
resembles a donkey.
6. Question: "To Tziva were 15 children and 20 slaves".
7. Answer (Rav Acha Bar Yakov): They are considered
offspring, just as "A bull, son of cattle".
8. Question: If so, say the same by Nochrim!
9. Answer #1: By Nochrim, it specifies the names of the
son and the father; by slaves, it does not.
10. Answer #2: In another place, a Nochri is traced to
his father and grandfather - "Ben Hadad, son of
Tavrimum, son of Chaziyon.
1. Rav Huna holds as Rav Asi.
i. (Rav Asi): "A spirit ...(and I made souls)" -
(Mashiach) the son of David will not come until
all souls in 'Guf'' are completed.
2. R. Yochanan says he has not fulfilled Piryah
v'Rivyah - we require "(The world) was created to be
settled", and this is lacking.
(i) Question (Beraisa): Grandchildren are as children (a
living grandchild substitutes in place of his deceased
3) SHOULD ONE REMARRY IN HIS OLD AGE?
(j) Answer: No - no substitute is needed for a deceased child
- the Beraisa teaches that grandchildren join with
children to fulfill the required number of boys and
(k) Question (Beraisa): Grandchildren are as children; if a
child died, or was found to be a Eunuch, he did not
fulfill Piryah v'Rivyah,
1. This refutes Rav Huna.
(l) (Beraisa): Grandchildren are as children.
1. (Abaye): This means, a son of a son, or a daughter
of a daughter, and all the more so a son of a
daughter, but not a daughter to a son.
(m) Both agree that we cannot count 2 grandchildren from one
2. Objection (Rava): We require "(The world) was
created to be settled", and we have this!
(n) Question: Is this really so?
1. But Rabanan told Rav Sheshes - 'Marry a woman and
have children' - and he answered, 'The sons of my
daughter are (as) sons'!
(o) Answer: He pushed them off (with an incorrect answer - he
didn't remarry, because) he became sterile from Rav
Huna's class (he did not leave to urinate when he felt
(p) Question (Rabah): From where did Chachamim learn,
grandchildren are as children?
1. Suggestion: If from "The daughters are my daughters,
the sons are my sons" - if so, "The flock is my
flock", will we also say (that they are as Lavan's
(q) Answer: Rather, from "Chetzron fathered Sheguv from
Machir's daughter"; "Rulers came from Machir"; "Yehudah
is my ruler" (it must be, the descendants which came
through Machir's daughter are as sons).
2. Rejection: Rather, we must say, "Is my flock" - that
you acquired from me - we can similarly explain, the
children you acquired from me!
(a) Our Mishnah is unlike R. Yehoshua.
1. (Beraisa - R. Yehoshua): If a man married in his
youth, he should marry in his old age; if he had
children in his youth, he should have children in
his old age - "Seed your seed in the morning, and do
not withhold in the evening, for you do not know
which will be better."
(b) R. Akiva had 12,000 pairs of Talmidim, from Gavas to
Antiperus; they all died in one period, because they did
not act with honor to each other. The world was desolate
until R. Akiva went to our teachers in the south and
taught them - R. Meir, R. Yehudah, R. Yosi, R. Shimon and
R. Elazar Ben Shamua - they stood up the Torah at that
2. R. Akiva says, if a man learned Torah in his youth,
he should learn in his old age; if he had Talmidim
in his youth, he should have Talmidim in his old age
- "Seed your seed ....".
1. (Beraisa): All the 24,000 Talmidim died between
Pesach and Shavuos.
(c) (Rav Masneh): The law is as R. Yehoshua.
2. (Rav Chama Bar Aba): They all died a bad death.
3. Question: What is that?
4. Answer (Rav Nachman): Croup.
(d) (R. Tanchum): Any single man dwells without joy, blessing
1. Without joy - "You will rejoice, you and your
(e) In Eretz Yisrael, they say, without Torah, and without a
2. Without blessing - "To put a blessing on your
3. Without good - "It is not good, man being alone."
1. Without Torah - "If my helpmate is not with me,
Torah is cast from me".
(f) (Rava Bar Ula): Without Shalom - "... Shalom is your tent
2. Without a wall - "A female will surround a man."
(g) (R. Yehoshua Ben Levi): Anyone who knows that his wife
fears Heaven, and he does not have relations in the
proper time is called a sinner - "You will know that
Shalom is your tent" (and will have relations).
(h) (R. Yehoshua Ben Levi): A man must be with his wife
before he goes on a trip - "You will know that Shalom is
your tent" (and will be with his wife).
(i) Question: That is learned from "Your desire is to your
husband" - this teaches, a woman desires her husband when
he goes away!
(j) Answer (Rav Yosef): R. Yehoshua Ben Levi's teaching is
needed for the case when she is due to become Nidah soon
(normally, intimacy would be forbidden).
(k) Question: How much time before?
(l) Answer (Rava): The day or night she expects to become
(m) This only applies to an optional trip; but if he is
leaving to do a Mitzvah, he need not be with her, lest
this distract him from the Mitzvah.
(n) (Beraisa): One who loves his wife as himself, and honors
her more than himself - and guides his sons and daughters
in the straight path, and marries them off shortly before
adulthood - on such a person, it says "You will know that
Shalom is your tent".
(o) One who loves his neighbors, and draws his relatives
close, and marries his sister's daughter, and lends a
poor man when he needs it - on such a person, it says
"Then you will call, and Hash-m will answer; you will
call, and He will say, 'I am here'".