POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Yevamos 65
YEVAMOS 55-65 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
1) A BARREN WOMAN
(a) A goring ox - (Mishnah): An ox is only established as a
goring ox after 3 times.
(b) (Beraisa): A woman was married to a man, and did not have
children (in 10 years); to a 2nd man, and had no
children; she may only marry a man that has children.
1. If she married a man that has no children, she
leaves him without a Kesuvah.
(c) Question: If she did not have children from the 3rd
husband - may her 1st 2 husbands demand that she repay
the Kesuvah she collected from them?
1. Can they say - 'It is now revealed that you were the
(d) Answer: Presumably, the latter.
2. Or - can she say, 'Now I became weak'?
(e) Question: If she married a 4th husband and had children -
may she demand a Kesuvah from the 3rd husband?
(f) Answer #1: No - we tell her, it is better for you to be
quiet - your 3rd husband may say, I did not divorce you
on condition that I must pay a Kesuvah!
1. Objection (Rav Papa): If she keeps quiet - do we
keep quiet? The divorce was void, and her children
(g) Answer #2 (Rav Papa): Rather, we say, now she got better.
(h) (R. Ami): He says she is the barren one; she says he is
the barren one - matters between the 2 of them, she is
believed (and receives a Kesuvah).
(i) Question: Why?
(j) Answer: She can tell if his semen shoots as an arrow, he
(k) (R. Ami): He says, I will marry another woman to see if I
can have children - also here, he must divorce her and
pay a Kesuvah.
1. I say, anyone that takes a 2nd wife must grant his
1st wife a divorce and a Kesuvah.
2. (Rava): A man may take several additional wives, on
condition that he can feed them.
(l) (R. Ami) He says, you miscarried within 10 years, she
says, I did not miscarry (and you must divorce me now) -
also here, she is believed - had she miscarried, she
would not falsely establish herself as being barren.
2) WHO IS COMMANDED TO HAVE CHILDREN?
(m) If she miscarried 3 times - she is established to
miscarry (and he must divorce her).
(n) (R. Yitzchak Ben Elazar) He says, you miscarried twice,
she says, I miscarried 3 times - there was a case, and
they said she is believed.
1. Had she not miscarried 3 times, she would not
falsely establish herself as one that miscarries.
(a) (Mishnah): A man is commanded about Piryah v'Rivyah, but
not a woman;
(b) R. Yochanan Ben Broka says, "... Be fruitful and
increase" was said to both of them.
(c) (Gemara) Question: What is the source that only a man is
(d) Answer #1(R. Ilai): "Fill the land and conquer it" - It
is a man's way to conquer, not a woman's way.
1. Objection: Just the contrary! Kivshuha (conquer
(plural) it) implies both!
(e) Answer #2 (Rav Yosef): (Hash-m told Yakov) " ... Pre
u'Rve (be fruitful and increase - singular)", and not
'Pru u'Rvu' (plural).
2. Answer (Rav Nachman Bar Yitzchak): It is written
(f) (R. Ilai): Just as it is a Mitzvah to say something that
will be heeded, it is a Mitzvah not to say something that
will not be heeded.
1. (R. Aba): This is an obligation - "Don't rebuke a
scoffer, lest he hate you; rebuke a Chacham, and he
will love you.
(g) (R. Ilai): It is permitted to change (depart from truth)
for the sake of Shalom - "Your father commanded ... tell
Yosef to bear the sin (of his brothers)".
1. (R. Noson): This is a Mitzvah - "And Shmuel said ...
Sha'ul will hear and will kill me" (and Hash-m told
him to say a falsehood).
(h) (Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael): Shalom is great, even Hash-m
changed - Sarah said "And my husband is old"; Hash-m told
Avraham that she said, "And I am old".
(i) (Mishnah): R. Yochanan Ben Broka says ...
(j) R. Yochanan and R. Yehoshua Ben Levi - one said, the law
is as R. Yochanan Ben Broka; one said, as Chachamim.
1. We may conclude from the following that R. Yochanan
said the law is as Chachamim.
(k) Yehudah and Chizkiyah were twins. One was finished (in
the womb) at the end of 9 months; the other, at the
beginning of the 7th month. Yehudis (their mother), R.
Chiya's wife, had great labor pain. She changed her
clothing and came before R. Chiya.
2. Version #1: R. Avahu cited R. Yochanan as saying
that the law is as R. Yochanan Ben Broka; R. Ami and
R. Asi turned their faces.
3. Version #2: R. Chiya Bar Aba cited R. Yochanan as
saying that the law is as R. Yochanan Ben Broka; R.
Ami and R. Asi turned their faces.
i. (Rav Papa): We understand the 1st version -
because of the honor of the Kaiser's house, R.
Ami and R. Asi did not say anything (they
merely turned their faces).
4. Question: What is the final ruling?
ii. Question: According to the 2nd version - why
didn't they refute him?
5. Answer: A case (of a childless couple) came before
R. Yochanan; he said, the husband must divorce her
and pay a Kesuvah.
i. If she is not commanded - why must he pay a
6. Rejection: Perhaps she had a claim (why she needed
i. A woman came before R. Ami: Force my husband to
pay my Kesuvah.
ii. R. Ami: No, you are not commanded to have
iii. The woman: What will be in my old age (if I
have no children)?
iv. R. Ami: In such a case, we certainly force him.
v. A woman came before Rav Nachman.
vi. Rav Nachman: Leave, you are not commanded to
vii. The woman: Doesn't she (I) need a son to
support her, and bury her?
viii.Rav Nachman: In such a case, we certainly force
1. Yehudis: Is a woman commanded on Piryah v'Rivyah?
2. R. Chiya: No.
3. She drank a sterility potion; later, it was known
what she had done.
4. R. Chiya: If only you would have born another
stomach of children!
i. Yehudah and Chizkiyah were brothers; Pazi and
Tavi were sisters.