POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Yevamos 68
1) THOSE THAT ONLY DISQUALIFY FROM EATIING
(a) A Bas Yisrael engaged to a Kohen does not eat - because
of Ula (lest she share Terumah with her siblings).
2) MEN THAT DISQUALIFY FROM TRUMAH
(b) A Bas Kohen engaged to a deaf Yisrael is disqualified
from eating, since he acquired her by Rabbinical
(c) A Bas Yisrael married to a deaf Kohen does not eat - the
Torah said, "The acquisition of his money", and a deaf
man cannot acquire.
(d) (Mishnah): A 9-year old ... (we are thinking, this refers
to a Shomeres Yavam, when the Yavam is 9 years old).
(e) Question: What does this case teach?
1. Suggestion #1: If to disqualify her - a Yavam less
than 9 also disqualifies!
(f) Answer #1 (Abaye): The case is, the 9-year old did Yibum.
mid'Oraisa, he acquires her.
2. Suggestion #2: If that he does not permit her to eat
- even an adult Yavam does not permit her!
1. One would think, since he acquires her mid'Oraisa,
and his relations are considered relations, he
permits her to eat - the Mishnah teaches, this is
(g) Answer #2 (Rava): Rather, the Mishnah says that any man
forbidden to her that disqualifies her by having
relations with her, such a 9-year old also disqualifies
i. Chachamim made relations of a 9-year old Yavam
as a Ma'amar.
2. Objection (Rava): If so, how do we understand the
end of the Mishnah - if we are unsure if he is 9
years old ...
i. If a boy known to be 9 does not permit, we need
not teach a doubtful 9-year old!
1. (Beraisa): A 9-year old converted Amoni, Moavi,
Mitrzi or Edomi; a Kusi, Nasin, Chalal or Mamzer
that had relations with a Bas Kohen, Bas Levi or Bas
Yisrael disqualified her.
(h) Objection: But the end of our Mishnah (69A) says, 'If
they are not fitting to have relations in Yisrael, they
disqualify - implying, the beginning of the Mishnah does
not deal with such people!
(i) The beginning of the Mishnah deals with men that cannot
marry anyone in Yisrael; the end, with men that cannot
marry a Bas Kohen.
(a) (Beraisa): A 9-year old converted Amoni, Moavi, Mitrzi or
Edomi; a Kusi, Nasin, Chalal or Mamzer that had relations
with a Bas Kohen, Bas Levi or Bas Yisrael disqualified
(b) R. Yosi says, anyone whose seed is unfit disqualifies;
anyone whose seed is fit does not disqualifies;
(c) R. Shimon Ben Gamliel says, any man whose daughter can
marry a Kohen, his widow can marry a Kohen; if his
daughter cannot marry a Kohen, neither can his widow
(i.e. he disqualified her through relations).
(d) Question: From where do we learn this?
(e) Answer (Rav Yehudah): "A Bas Kohen that will be to a Zar"
- once she has relations with a man that is unsuitable to
her, he disqualifies her.
1. Objection: But that verse is needed to teach that
when she marries a non-Kohen, she does not eat!
2. Answer: That is learned from "She will return ...
the bread of her father's house".
i. "Return" implies that before (being widowed or
divorced from the Yisrael) she could not eat.
3. Objection: If from the verse "She will return", one
would think that the prohibition is only a Lav
derived from a Mitzvas Aseh, which is an Aseh!
i. Therefore, the Torah wrote "A Bas Kohen ..." to
teach that she is forbidden with a Lav.
4. Answer: No, we learn a Lav from "And any Zar will
not eat Kodesh"!
3) A BAS YISRAEL IS ALSO DISQUALIFIED
5. Question: But that verse only teaches about a
non-Kohen, not a Bas Kohen married to a Yisrael!
6. Answer: There are 2 verses "And any Zar".
7. Question: But the 2nd verse "And any Zar" is needed
to teach R. Yosi Bar Chanina's law!
i. (R. Yosi Bar Chanina): "And any Zar" - a Zar is
forbidden to eat Terumah, not an Onen.
8. Answer: That is learned from the extra wording "And
any" (had the Torah said "A Zar", as opposed to "And
any Zar", we would only learn that forbidden
9. Question: Still, we need "A Bas Kohen" to teach that
she returns to eat Terumah, but not the chest and
leg (parts of a Shelamim sacrifice given to a
i. (Rav Chisda): "A Bas Kohen ... mi'Trumas
ha'Kadashim she will not eat" - mi'Rumam (from
what is lifted) from Kadshim she will not eat.
10. Answer: If the verse only came to teach about
Terumah, it would only have said "b'Kadashim"; by
saying "mi'Trumas ha'Kadashim", it teaches both.
(a) Question: This teaches that such men disqualify a Bas
Kohen. How do we learn that they disqualify a Bas Levi
and Bas Yisrael?
(b) Answer: As R. Aba taught (elsewhere), since the Torah
said "And a Bas" (as opposed to "A Bas").
(c) Suggestion: This is only as R. Akiva, who expounds extra
occurrences of the letter Vav!
(d) Rejection: No, even Chachamim could agree here, since the
entire verse (And a Bas Kohen...) is extra.
(e) Question: This teaches that they become forbidden to eat
Terumah. Where do we learn that they become forbidden to
marry a Kohen?
(f) Answer #1: The Torah taught that a Bas Levi and Bas
Yisrael become forbidden -this prohibition must be to
Kehunah, since they are anyway forbidden to eat Terumah!
1. Objection: Not necessarily! They may eat if they
have children from a Kohen!
(g) Answer #2: A Kal v'Chomer from a divorcee teaches that a
Bas Levi and Bas Yisrael become forbidden to Kehunah.
2. Answer: If so, a Kal v'Chomer teaches that forbidden
relations forbid them to eat Terumah.
i. A Bas Kohen eats because of her intrinsic
sanctity, forbidden relations forbid her - a
Bas Levi or Bas Yisrael that lacks intrinsic
sanctity, all the more so!
3. Question: To the contrary! A Bas Kohen eats because
of her sanctity - therefore, forbidden relations
blemish her sanctity, and disqualify her; but these
that are not eating because of their sanctity, are
1. A divorcee is permitted to eat Terumah, but is
forbidden to Kehunah - these that are forbidden to
eat Terumah, all the more so, they are forbidden to
(h) Question: Can we really learn a Chayavei Lav (for which
one can be lashed) from a Kal v'Chomer?!
(i) Answer: The Kal v'Chomer merely teaches that the
prohibition to eat Terumah includes a prohibition to
(j) Question: (How do we learn that all the men in the
Beraisa disqualify) - perhaps the only forbidden
relations which disqualify are Chayavei Krisus!
(k) Answer: The Torah said, "When she will be", a language of
marriage; marriage does not take effect by Chayavei
(l) Question: If so, a Nachri or slave should not disqualify
(m) Answer: R. Yishmael taught why they disqualify.
1. (R. Yishmael): "A Bas Kohen that will be widowed or
divorced ... (returns to eat Terumah)" - this
applies to men from whom she can be widowed or
divorced; but a Nachri or slave permanently