POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Yevamos 84
YEVAMOS 84-85 - The last two of four Dafim dedicated in honor of
Dr. Charles and Rosalind Neustein, whose retirement to Florida
allows them to spend even more time engaging in Torah study!
1) R. ELIEZER'S OPINION REGARDING ANDROGINUS
***** PEREK YAISH MUTAROS *****
1. A hybrid animal;
(b) (Mishnah): R. Eliezer says, one is liable for relations
with him as a male.
2. A torn animal (i.e. it cannot survive);
3. One born by Ceasarian section;
4. A Tumtum
5. An Androginus.
i. (Shmuel): They do not become sacrifices, even
as a Temurah (if one tried to sanctify them in
place of a sacrifice); if one tried to transfer
the sanctity of one of these onto another
animal, it does not become a sacrifice.
(c) (Beraisa - Rebbi): I only learned 1 thing by R. Elazar
Ben Shamua - R. Eliezer says, one is liable for relations
with an Androginus as a male.
2) A WOMAN FORBIDDEN TO HER HUSBAND OR YAVAM
(a) (Mishnah): Some women are permitted to their husbands and
forbidden to their Yevamim; some are forbidden to their
husbands and permitted to their Yevamim; some are
permitted to both; some are forbidden to both;
(b) These are permitted to their husbands and forbidden to
1. A regular Kohen that married a widow, and his
brother is a Kohen Gadol;
(c) These are forbidden to both:
2. A Chalal that married a Kesherah, and his brother is
a Kosher Kohen;
3. A Yisrael that married a Bas Yisrael, and his
brother is a Mamzer;
4. A Mamzer that married a Mamzeres, and his brother is
1. A Kohen Gadol that married a widow, and his brother
is a Kohen Gadol or a regular Kohen;
(d) All other women are permitted to their husbands and their
2. A Kosher (Kohen) that married a Chalalah, and his
brother is Kosher;
3. A Yisrael that married a Mamzeres, and his brother
is a Yisrael;
4. A Mamzer that married a Bas Yisrael, and his brother
is a Mamzer.
(e) Sheniyos mid'Rabanan: if she is a Sheniyah to her husband
but not to the Yavam, she is forbidden to her husband and
permitted to the Yavam;
1. If she is a Sheniyah to her Yavam but not to her
husband, she is forbidden to her Yavam and permitted
to her husband;
(f) A widow married to a Kohen Gadol, a divorced woman or
Chalutzah married to a regular Kohen, a Mamzeres or
Nesinah married to a Yisrael, or a Bas Yisrael married to
a Mamzer or Nasin - she has a Kesuvah.
2. If she is a Sheniyah to both, she is forbidden to
3. She does not receive any of the following: a
Kesuvah; fruits (of her property); food; remnants of
4. Her child is Kosher; we force her husband to divorce
(g) (Gemara) Question: Why does the beginning of the Mishnah
speak of a regular Kohen that married a widow - let us
teach, even if he engaged her (she is forbidden to a
1. Suggestion: Only because he married her, she is
forbidden by a Chayavei Ase (since she is not a
virgin) and a Lav - but if he engaged her, the
Mitzvas Ase of Yibum overrides the Lav of a widow to
a Kohen Gadol.
(h) Answer #1: Because the end of the Mishnah teaches, a
Kohen Gadol that married a widow (we also taught the case
of marriage in the beginning).
2. Rejection: Our entire Perek deals with women
forbidden only by a Lav, and the Ase of Yibum does
not override the Lav!
1. There, only because he married her, he made her a
Chalalah - if he only engaged her, she would be
permitted to the Yavam.
(i) Answer #2: Rather, the beginning teaches the case of
marriage, to be similar to the neighboring case - a
Chalal that married a Kesherah, and his brother is a
2. Objection: Rather than teaching married, similar to
the end case - we should teach engaged, similar to
the middle case, a Kohen Gadol that engaged a widow
and has a brother that is a regular Kohen!
1. It must be that he married her, and made her a
Chalalah - had he only engaged her, she would be
permitted to his brother.
(j) Question: Why teach that the Kohen married a widow -
teach, even if she was a virgin (when he dies, she is a
widow, and is forbidden to his brother the Kohen Gadol)!
3) OMISSIONS OF THE MISHNAH
1. Suggestion: The Tana holds that a woman falls to
Yibum because of the start of the marriage (and if
she was a virgin, she would be permitted to do
(k) Answer: The case of a widow was taught to be similar to
the case later in the Mishnah, a Kohen Gadol that married
a widow and has a brother that is a Kohen Gadol or
2. Rejection: The Tana taught that a Kesherah married
to a Chalal is forbidden to her Yavam - the start of
the marriage does not cause the fall to Yibum!
1. This only applies if he married a widow - if she was
a virgin, she was permitted to her husband!
(a) Question (Rav Papa): According to Rav Dimi, who said that
a Mitzri Sheni that married a Mitzris Rishonah, the child
is a Sheni - the Mishnah should also have taught the
4) MAY A BAS KOHEN MARRY A CHALAL?
1. A Mitzri Sheni married a Mitzris Rishonah and a
Mitzris Sheniyah, and had a son from each - they are
a Sheni and a Shlishi:
(b) Answer: The Tana omitted this case.
2. If a son marries a woman as himself (Sheni/Shlishi)
- she will be permitted to him, and forbidden to his
3. If a son marries a woman as his brother - she is
forbidden to him, and permitted to his brother;
4. A convert is permitted to both;
5. An Ailonis is forbidden to both.
(c) Question: If so, he must have omitted another case - what
(d) Answer: A Petzu'a Daka.
(e) Objection: You cannot say that Petzu'a Daka is omitted -
it is Chayavei Lavin, and Chayavei Lavin were already
(f) Counter-objection: Multiple cases of Chayavei Lavin were
1. Suggestion: It teaches, a regular Kohen that married
a widow, and a Chalal that married a Kesherah (even
though it does not teach anything new)
2. Rejection: No, that case was needed to teach Rav
i. (Rav Yehudah): A Kesherah (Bas Kohen) is
permitted to a Chalal.
3. Suggestion: It teaches, a Chalal that married a
Kesherah, and a Yisrael that married a Bas Yisrael
and has a brother that is a Mamzer.
4. Rejection: No, it was necessary to teach Chayavei
Lavin which apply to all of Yisrael, and prohibition
that do not (e.g. prohibitions of Kohanim).
5. It teaches, a Yisrael that married a Mamzeres and
has a brother that is a Yisrael.
i. This shows, extra cases were taught even if
they teach nothing new - Petzu'a Daka could
have been taught, just the Tana omitted the
case (so we can say, he also omitted the case
of the Mitzri brothers).
(a) (Rav Yehudah): A Bas Kohen may marry a Chalal.
1. Suggestion: The Mishnah supports Rav Yehudah - it
teaches, a Chalal that married a Kesherah.
(b) Question (Ravin Bar Nachman - Beraisa): "They will not
take, they will not take" - this teaches that women are
also commanded not to marry unfitting men.
i. We assume, 'Kesherah' refers to a Bas Kohen
that is permitted to a Kohen.
2. Rejection: No, it refers to a Bas Yisrael;
3. Question: What does 'Kesherah' mean?
4. Answer: She is permitted to the congregation (of
5. Objection If so, 'he has a Kosher brother' - this
would also mean, permitted to the congregation -
implying, the Chalal is forbidden to the
i. Rather, 'Kosher' means, a Kohen - similarly,
'Kesherah' means, a Bas Kohen.
6. Rejection: Not necessarily! Each case is
(c) Answer (Rava): Whenever the man is commanded, the woman
is also; when the man is not commanded, neither is the
(d) Question: But we learn this from a different verse!
1. (Rav Yehudah): "A man or woman that will do any sin"
- the Torah equates women to men for all
(e) Answer #1: If from there, one would think, this only
applies to Mitzvos which apply to all of Yisrael.