POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Yevamos 113
YEVAMOS 113 (Purim in Yerushalayim) and YEVAMOS 114 - have been
generously dedicated by Dick and Beverly Horowitz of Los
Angeles. May they be blessed with a life of joy and much
Nachas from their very special children and grandchildren.
1) THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MARRIAGE OF DEAF PEOPLE AND A MINOR
(a) Answer: If a deaf woman could do Mi'un, men would not
2) A DEAF PERSON'S OBLIGATION IN MITZVOS
(b) Question: Why can a girl married mid'Rabanan to a Kohen
eat Terumah, but not a deaf woman?
1. (Mishnah): R. Yochanan Ben Gudgada testified that a
deaf girl whose father married her off may be
divorced, and that a minor married to a Kohen eats
(c) Answer: This is a decree, lest she will eat when married
to a deaf man.
i. We infer, a deaf woman does not eat Terumah.
(d) Question: Why shouldn't she eat - we need not stop a
minor (or a deaf woman, who is also exempt from Mitzvos)
from eating forbidden food!
(e) Answer: This is a decree, lest a healthy woman married to
a deaf man eat Terumah.
(f) Question: Since she is married mid'Rabanan, she should be
permitted to eat Terumah mid'Rabanan!
(g) Answer: The decree is, lest she eat Terumah mid'Oraisa.
(h) Question: Why does a minor have a Kesuvah, but not a deaf
(i) Answer: If a deaf woman had a Kesuvah, men would not
(j) Question: How do we know that a minor has a Kesuvah?
(k) Answer (Mishnah): One that does Mi'un, a Sheniyah, or an
Ailonis - she has no Kesuvah.
1. If a minor was divorced, she would have a Kesuvah.
(l) Question: How do we know that a deaf woman has no
(m) Answer (Beraisa): A deaf or insane man that married a
healthy woman, even though he became healthy, his wife
has no claim on him; if he wants to remain with her, she
has a Kesuvah;
(n) A healthy man that married a deaf or insane woman, even
if he wrote her a Kesuvah of 10000 Zuz, it is valid,
because he chose to give away his property.
1. This is only because he chose to give - if not, she
has no Kesuvah - if not, men would not marry her.
(o) Question: If so, we should enact a Kesuvah for a healthy
woman that marries a deaf man - if not, women will not
marry deaf men!
(p) Answer: A woman wants to get married more than a man.
(q) Rav Malkiyo married off a deaf man to a woman; he wrote
her a Kesuvah of 400 Zuz.
1. Rava: This was very smart! If the man wanted a slave
to serve him, we would buy one for him - now, he
also gets a wife!
(a) Version #1 (Shmuel): One does not bring an Asham Taluy
(pending guilt-offering) for relations with the wife of a
(b) Suggestion: A Mishnah supports this.
1. (Mishnah): 5 types of people cannot separate
Terumah, even b'Di'eved: a deaf person, an insane
person, a minor, one who does not own the produce,
and a Nochri that separated on the produce of a
Yisrael, even with permission.
(c) Rejection: This is no support - Shmuel holds as R.
1. (Beraisa - R. Elazar): The Terumah of a deaf man may
not be considered as Chulin, because he is
doubtfully obligated in Mitzvos.
(d) Question: If Shmuel holds as R. Elazar - one should have
to bring an Asham Taluy!
(e) Answer: R. Elazar says that an Asham Taluy is only
brought when there were 2 items, 1 forbidden and 1
permitted (and he is unsure which he took).
(f) Question: Does R. Elazar really require that there were 2
1. (Beraisa - R. Elazar): One must bring an Asham Taluy
for eating Chelev of a Kevi.
(g) Answer: Shmuel holds as R. Elazar regarding a deaf man,
but not regarding Asham Taluy.
(h) Version #2 (Shmuel): One brings an Asham Taluy for
relations with the wife of a deaf man.
(i) Question (Mishnah): 5 types of people cannot separate
(j) Answer: Shmuel holds as R. Elazar.
(k) Question (Rav Ashi): What is R. Elazar's reason?
1. It is clear that a deaf man has a weak mind - R.
Elazar is unsure, if his mind is clear or not - but
he is always the same.
3) AN INSANE WOMAN
2. Or, is it clear that his mind is weak and unclear -
but sometimes he is healthy, sometimes insane.
3. Question: What difference does it make, what is his
4. Answer: Whether he may divorce his wife.
i. If he is always the same - his Get is as valid
as his engagement!
ii. If sometimes he is healthy, sometimes insane -
he can engage, but not divorce!
iii. This question is unresolved.
(a) (Mishnah): If she became insane ...
4) DIVORCE BY DEAF PEOPLE
(b) (R. Yitzchak): mid'Oraisa, a man can divorce an insane
woman; just as a healthy woman is divorced against her
1. Chachamim said that she may not be divorced, so men
should not freely have relations with her.
(c) Question: What is the case?
1. Suggestion: If she can guard her Get and herself -
men cannot freely have relations with her!
(d) Answer: The case is, she can guard her Get but not
2. Suggestion: If she cannot guard her Get nor herself
- can she really be divorced mid'Oraisa?!
i. (d'Vei R. Yanai): "And he will give in her
hand" - a woman who has a hand to divorce
herself - but this woman has no such hand!
ii. (Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael): "He will send her
from his house" - one who he sends, and does
not return - to exclude a girl like this, that
will return to him!
1. Mid'Oraisa, she can be divorced, since she can
guard her Get.
(e) (Abaye): The Mishnah supports this - when she goes
insane, it says, he may not divorce her; when he goes
insane, it says, he may never divorce her!
2. Mid'Rabanan, she may not be divorced, lest men
freely have relations with her.
1. By him, it says he can never divorce her, since this
is mid'Oraisa; by her, it is only mid'Rabanan.
(a) (Mishnah): R. Yochanan Ben Nuri says ...
(b) Question: Is the case of a man that goes deaf clear to R.
Yochanan Ben Nuri, and he is unsure about a woman that
1. Or, is the case of a woman that goes deaf clear, and
he is unsure about a man that goes deaf?
(c) Answer: Since Chachamim answer, a man that divorces is
unlike a woman that is divorced - a woman is divorced
willingly or unwillingly, and a man only divorces
willingly - we see that R. Yochanan Ben Nuri was unsure
about a man.
(d) Rejection: To the contrary! Since they said to him, 'Even
she is like her' - we see, he was unsure about a woman!
(e) Answer: R. Yochanan Ben Nuri spoke according to their
1. I hold, just as a deaf man cannot divorce, a deaf
woman cannot be divorced; according to you - why do
(f) (Mishnah): R. Yochanan Ben Gudgeda testified ...
2. They responded, a man that divorces is unlike a
woman that is divorced.
(g) (Rava): From R. Yochanan Ben Gudgeda's testimony - if a
man tells witnesses, watch me give this Get, and tells
his wife, 'Take this loan document' - she is divorced.
1. R. Yochanan Ben Gudgeda said, we do not need her
consent - the same applies here!
(h) Question: This is obvious!
(i) Answer: One might have thought, since he said, take this
loan document, he invalidated the Get - we hear, this is
1. Had he invalidated it, he would have told the
witnesses. Since he did not tell them, it is still
(j) R. Yitzchak Bar Bisna lost the keys to the Beis Medrash
in a public domain on Shabbos.
2. The reason he lied to his wife is because he is
embarrassed that he is divorcing her.