REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
YEVAMOS 2 - dedicated by Rabbi Ari and Esther Maryles of Chicago in memory
of her grandfather, Rav Chaim Mauer zt'l whose life was dedicated to helping
people both physically and spiritually.
(a) Fifteen women exempt their Tzaros and their Tzaros Tzaros from Chalitzah
and from Yibum.
What does 'exempt their Tzaros' mean?
(b) The list includes 'his wife's daughter, her son's daughter and her
daughter's daughter; his daughter, his daughter's daughter and his son's
Why must the latter three be speaking about the daughter and
granddaughter of a woman whom he raped (or seduced), and not a woman whom he
(c) His mother-in law, her mother and his father-in-law's mother are also
included in the exemption, and so are his sister and his mother's sister.
How is it possible for his brother to marry his sister? Why is he not also
his own sister?
(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "Ki Yeishvu Achim
(a) The exemption also applies to his wife's sister, and to his maternal
What do the following three have in common: the wife of a brother who has
children, the wife of a brother who died before he was born and the wife of
a maternal brother?
What do we learn from the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "Ervas
(b) The last two cases in the Mishnah are Eishes Achiv she'Lo Hayah be'Olamo
What is the case of Eishes Achiv she'Lo Hayah be'Olamo?
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk Ki Seitzei "Ki Yeishvu Achim Yachdav"?
(d) What punishment does a person receive if he performs Yibum with any of
Answers to questions
(a) How will the Din in the Mishnah change if any of the fifteen women
die or are divorced before his brother dies?
(b) Which other two occurrences will cause this change?
(c) Seeing as the regular case of Miy'un refers to a girl whose father died
and who was married off by her mother or brother, how is Miy'un possible
here in the case of 'Bito' (the first case in our Mishnah)?
(d) Why is it not possible to say that his mother-in-law, her mother or his
father-in-law's mother was an Aylanis or made Miy'un?
(a) What does the Tana mean by 'exempt their ...
What do we learn from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei " ... Asher Lo Yivneh es *Beis
Achiv*" regarding two Tzaros whose husband died and who fell to Yibum?
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "ve'Ishah el Achosah Lo
Sikach *li'Tz'ror* ... "?
- ... Tzaros'? What is the case?
- ... and their Tzaros Tzaros'? What is the case?
(c) What does 'Afilu Hein Mei'ah' mean?
(d) We learned earlier that if the Ervah died or was divorced before her
husband, the Tzarah is obligated to perform Yibum.
Why is that?
(a) Any woman who is able to make Miy'un but does not do so, is obligated to
(b) Then why can she not perform Yibum?
(a) By which Ervah does the Torah teach us the exemption of the Arayos from
(b) To answer the Kashya why the Tana then begins with the case of Bito,
rather than Achos Ishto, we suggest that the author of our Mishnah is Rebbi
How will that answer the Kashya? What does Rebbi Shimon hold?
(c) We ask two Kashyos on this suggestion: one, that if that is so, the Tana
should have begun with the case of Chamoso.
(d) The second Kashya is that, in that case, after Chamoso, the Tana should
have learned the case of Kalaso.
Why is that?
(a) We retract from the previous suggestion.
Answers to questions
So why *does* the Tana open
with the case of Bito?
(b) Seeing as the P'tur Yibum by all cases of Ervah are learned from Achos
Ishah, what makes Bito different than them? Why is *it* more 'Asya Medrasha'