REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Yevamos 19
(a) We just proved from the Mishnah in Arba'ah Achin that Rebbi Shimon is
not sure whether Ma'amar is Koneh or not (how much more so Zikah and
Ma'amar). But we counter this by asking that perhaps really, Ma'amar *is*
Koneh in his opinion, and the reason that he requires Chalitzah on the
second Yevamah is because of a decree.
(b) How do we refute this contention?
(c) So how does Abaye then try to resolve the discrepancy between our theory
that Rebbi Shimon holds 'Zikah ki'Ch'nusah', and the Mishnah in Arba'ah
(a) 'K'lal Amar Rebbi Shimon; Kol she'ha'Leidah Kodemes le'Nisu'in, Lo
Choletzes ve'Lo Misyabemes; Nisu'in Kodem le'Leidah, O Choletzes O
According to what we just said, how many Yevamin are there
besides the new-born brother? Why must we say that?
(b) In that case, why does the Tana differentiate between 'Leidah Kodemes
le'Nisu'in' and 'Nisu'in Kodem le'Leidah', and not between one Yavam and two
(c) What objection do we raise to this answer?
(a) In a Mishnah in Arba'ah Achin, the Tana Kama says that if two out of
three brothers were married to two sisters, or a woman and her daughter, or
a woman and her granddaughter (the daughter of her son or of her daughter)
and died, both women require Chalitzah.
What does Rebbi Shimon say, based
on the Pasuk "ve'Ishah el Achosah Lo Sikach li'Tz'ror"?
(b) How does Rav Oshaya attempt to refute our theory from here that Rebbi
Shimon holds 'Zikah ki'Ch'nusah' (even by *one* brother)?
(c) On what grounds do we reject Rav Amram's suggestion that Rebbi Shimon
does indeed only exempt the Yevamah that falls second to the Yavam, but not
the one who falls first?
(a) Rava tried to answer 'Sh'niyah she'be'Zug Zeh u'Sh'niyah she'be'Zug
According to Rebbi Yossi Hagelili, if an animal gives birth for the first
time to a litter of two babies simultaneously, both babies must be given to
the Kohen. What do the Rabbanan say?
What mistake caused him to say this?
(b) Besides the fact that the Mishnah explicitly writes 'O' between each of
the cases (and not 'u'), what else ought the Tana of the Beraisa to have
said rather than 'Rebbi Shimon Poter bi'Sh'teihen'?
(c) What further proof do we bring that Rebbi Shimon does not hold 'Zikah
ki'Ch'nusah' even by one Yavam, based on Rebbi Shimon's interpretation of
the Pasuk "ve'Ishah el Achosah Lo Sikach li'Tz'ror"?
(d) We reinstate our original contention that Rebbi Shimon holds 'Zikah
ki'Ch'nusah' by establishing Rebbi Shimon like Rebbi Yossi Hagelili.
does Rebbi Yossi Hag'lili hold? In which case will the Mishnah and the
Beraisa then be speaking?
(a) Rav Papa disagrees with Rav Oshaya, who maintained on the previous Amud
that Rebbi Shimon argues with the Rabbanan in our Mishnah even in the Reisha
(by Nolad ve'Achar-Kach Yibeim).
Answers to questions
According to him then, why does the Tana
need to mention the Reisha at all?
(b) How do we prove Rav Papa's opinion from the last case in the Beraisa,
which cites the Machlokes between Rebbi Meir and Rebbi Shimon by 'Yibeim
ve'li'b'Sof Nolad Lo Ach'?
(a) The first case in the Beraisa exempts the third brother to perform Yibum
with the wife of the second, but not with the Yevamah who fell from the
first brother, and with whom the second brother wanted to make Ma'amar, but
did not manage to.
Why does the Tana need to make the latter part of the
statement? What is he coming to teach us?
(b) What does Rebbi say about Ma'amar without the consent of the Yevamah?
What is the basis of the Machlokes between Rebbi and the Rabbanan?
(c) From where do we learn that ...
(d) 'Rebbi Shimon Omer, Bi'asah O Chalitzasah shel Achas Meihen Poteres
- ... Yibum may be performed even without the consent of the Yevamah?
- ... Kidushin can only be performed with the woman's consent?
Why are we obligated to say that Rebbi Shimon is coming to
argue, not on the case of 'Nolad Lo Ach, ve'Achar-Kach Asah Bah Ma'amar' but
on that of 'Asah Bah Ma'amar ve'Achar-Kach Nolad Lo Ach'? What is the
(a) 'Chalatz le'Ba'alas Ma'amar, Lo Nifterah Tzarah'.
Answers to questions
Why is that?
(b) Rebbi Shimon has explained why he permits the third brother, if he is
born after the second brother performed Yibum with her.
What is the
problem with the opinion of the Rabbanan, who forbid the third brother in
(c) What do the Rabbanan learn from the Pasuk ...
(d) On what grounds do we Darshen from the latter D'rashah that she becomes
his wife in totality, and from the former, that the original Yibumin
- ... "u'Lekachah Lo le'Ishah *ve'Yibmah*"?
- ... "u'Lekachah Lo le'Ishah"?